THIS VERSION IS NOT THE LATEST RELEVANT DDEX STANDARD. DDEX RECOMMENDS TO USE THE LATEST VERSION.

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This section of the DDEX Knowledge Base contains the Second Public Draft of version 3.7 of the "Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard"

1 Introduction

This standard was developed by the member organisations of the Digital Data Exchange, LLC (DDEX) and provides a suite of messages that give a uniform mechanism to enable Release Creators (usually record companies) to inform DSPs about Releases — whether they are newly created or “back catalogue” — that are available for distribution to consumers. Such communication may include Resource-level information of may be done at Release level.

This standard also enables Release Creators to inform DSPs in a standardised way the terms and conditions under which such Releases can be made available.

Any organisation wishing to implement this (or any other DDEX Standard) is required to apply for an Implementation Licence. The terms of the licence and an application form can be found at http://ddex.net/implementing-ddex-standards.


 

2 Scope

 

 2.1 Introduction
The suite of messages contained in this Standard provides a mechanism for Release Providers (usually record companies) to inform their distribution partners (herein called Digital Service Providers (DSPs), including Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Mobile Service Providers (MSPs)) about Releases that can be made available to the public as electronic Products. Such Releases can include, amongst others, Releases for mobile use, Releases for download under pay-as-you-go, advertisement-supported and subscription models and audiovisual Releases.

The messages will allow such standardised information flow about the Releases themselves (i.e. Release metadata) as well as information about the commercial terms under which such Releases can be made available.

Sending or receiving a message using this standard does not necessarily imply, however, that all legal obligations are met for the Releases to be made available.

 2.2 Organisation of the Document

This DDEX Standard has six clauses and two annexes. Clause 1 and 2 provide a general introduction and the scope of this standard. Clauses 3 and 4 give a set of normative references as well as terms, definitions and abbreviations that are used in this Standard.

Clause 5 provides a non-technical overview of the messages, including the choreography of when it is anticipated that each message will be sent and a diagrammatic representation of the content of each message. Clause 6 then specifies all elements of all messages within this Standard, and their descriptions as they appear in the DDEX Data Dictionary.

Annex A then provides a list of all allowed-value sets, including their allowed values and respective definitions as used in this Standard. The last annex to be part of this document, Annex B, provides release notes, indicating the features new to this version of Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard.

3 Normative References

 Click here to expand...

The following normative documents contain provisions, which through reference in this text constitute provisions of this Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. For undated references, the latest version applies.
  • DDEX Data Dictionary Standard. Latest Version
  • DDEX Party Identifier (DPID) Standard. Latest Version
  • IFPI: Global Release Identifier (GRid) Standard. Latest Version
  • CISAC: Musical Work Licence Identifier (MWLI) Standard. Latest Version
  • IETF RfC 4646, Tags for Identifying Languages. Latest Version.
  • ISO 639-1988, Code for the representation of the names of languages
  • ISO 3166-1:1997 Codes for the representation of names of countries and their sub-divisions – Part 1: Country codes
  • ISO 3901:2001, Information and documentation – International Standard Recording Code (ISRC)
  • ISO 4217:2001 Codes for the representation of currencies and funds
  • ISO 7064:1983, Data Processing – Check Character Systems
  • ISO 8601:2004, Data elements and interchange formats – Information interchange – Representation of dates and times[1]
  • W3C. XML Schema Part 1: Structures. Second Edition. 2004
  • W3C. XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes. Second Edition. 2004


[1] Information on ISO 8601 can be found in Annex D of Part 2 (Datatypes Second Edition) of the XML Schema standard (http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/#isoformats).

4 Terms and Abbreviations

 4.1 Terms and Definitions

Contractually Mandatory

An entity in a DDEX Message that has the technical cardinality of 0-1 or 0-n but that is mandatory when a DDEX message is sent in a specific commercial context.

Contractually Mandatory fields may, however, be mandatory when a DDEX message is sent in a specific commercial context. In such circumstances, a message is deemed conformant only if and when it contains all the “contractually mandatory” fields as agreed by Message Sender and Message Recipient.

Digital Service Provider (DSP)

A Digital Service Provider (DSP), a Party making Releases available to Consumers or other DSPs over a public Telecom network. This includes MSPs (Mobile Service Providers) and ISPs (Internet Service Providers). 

Musical Work

A Work intended to be perceivable as a combination of sounds, with or without accompanying text.

Any words that are intended to be expressed with a MusicalWork (often termed Lyrics) form part of that MusicalWork; not all MusicalWorks have Lyrics.
A MusicalWork may be expressed and fixed to become part of a SoundRecording or a Video Recording, or may be used to create notated music (sheet music, scores, instrumental parts) or sound generation codes (such as MIDI files).
In some cases, the MusicalWork comes into existence simultaneously with its expression. This is common in extemporised forms such as jazz music.

Product

A Manifestation of a Release (or another Resource) which is made available to Consumers, by sale, loan or other means. The attributes of a Release in its digital manifestation as a Product may be technical (e.g., the codec or bit rate); a mode of distribution (e.g., downloading or streaming); or a commercial term (e.g., price).

Release

A Release is an abstract entity representing a bundle of one or more Resources compiled by an Issuer. The Resources in Releases are normally primarily sound recordings or music audio-visual recordings, but this is not invariably the case. The Release is not itself the item of trade (or “Product”). Products have more extensive attributes than Releases; one Release may be disseminated in many different Products.

Release Creator

Release Creator is an organisation which is the owner of copyrights in sound and/or music audiovisual recordings and/or exclusive licensees of copyrights in sound and/or music audiovisual recordings.

Resource

A digital fixation of an expression of an abstract Work (such as a sound recording, a video, an image, software or a passage of text). Resources are individual assets that make up a Release. Typical Resources are sound recordings, video clips and cover art images.

 4.2 Abbreviations

AMEPAutomated Message Exchange Protocol
ACAAppointed Certification Agency
AVSAllowed Value Set
BPBusiness Profile
CISAC

Confédération internationale des sociétés d'auteurs et compositeurs, the International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (see cisac.org)

CACertification Agency
CTConformance Tester
DAWDigital Audio Workstation
DDEX

Digital Data Exchange

DSIGDigital Signature
DSPDigital Service Provider (incudes Mobile Service Providers)
DSRDigital Sales Reporting
ERNElectronic Release Notification
FTPFile Transfer Protocol (FTP specifically includes SFTP)
GRidGlobal Release Identifier
HTTPHypertext Transport Protocol  (HTTP specifically includes HTTPS)
HTTPSSecure Hypertext Transport Protocol
IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission (see iec.ch)
ISOInternational Organisation for Standardisation (see iso.org)
MIMEMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MLCMusic Licensing Company
MWLMusical Works Licensing
MWNMusical Works Notification
MRBV

Multi-Record-Block Variant

PCAPrivate Certification Agency
PDFPortable Document Format
RESTREpresentational State Transfer
RINRecording Information Notification
SFTPSecure FTP
SRBV

Single-Record-Block Variant

TISTerritory Information System (a CISAC Standard)
TLSTransport Layer Security
UGCUser-generated content
URLUniform Resource Locator
XMLeXtensible Markup Language
XSDXML Schema Definition
W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium (see w3c.org)
WSWeb Service

5 Message Overview

 5.1 Namespace

The full namespace for the XML Schema document for this Standard is
http://ddex.net/xml/ern/37D2

All messages developed within DDEX are based upon a common set of elements and their definitions. These are contained in the DDEX Data Dictionary available from ddex.net.

 5.2 Allowed-value Sets

All messages defined in this standard make intensive use of allowed-value sets. These allowed value sets are shared between all DDEX standards and DDEX provides a XML Schema Definition file for all of these allowed values. These values are also contained in the DDEX Data Dictionary available from ddex.net.

The full namespace for the XML Schema document for the allowed-value sets is

http://ddex.net/xml/avs/avs

DDEX may regularly extend this list of allowed-value sets. Any such extensions to this list are issued on a date later than the date on which this Standard is issued form part of this Standard. Thus the list of allowed-value sets provided Annex A contains the list of allowed-value sets valid on the data of issuance of this Standard.

 5.3 Message Choreography

Figure 2  shows the choreography of processes that the Main Profile of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard enables.


Figure 1 — Choreography of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite

Table 1 below summarises the point in the Release cycle when each message is sent. The table also indicates who sends which message to whom and which of the messages are defined in this Standard.

Table 1 — Messages in the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite

Message Name

Initiating Event

Sender

Recipient

1

NewRelease-Message

The Release Creator decides to make a Release available to the market and collates all necessary information about the Release. This does not necessarily include information about the commercial conditions under which the Release may be made available.

Release Creator, typically a record company

DSP

The Release Creator has decided on the commercial conditions under which the Release may be made available. This Deal is in effect from the moment indicated on a “per Release” in the EffectiveDate element.

2

CatalogList-Message

The Release Creator wishes to inform a DSP (or any other party) about a catalogue it is (or may be) making available.

Release Creator, typically a record company

DSP

 5.4 Message Content Overview (informative)

Each of the messages defined in this Standard conveys a set of data elements from sender to recipient. The following diagrams show these information elements for the various messages. They allow a rapid overview of the different messages for technicians as well as for business process experts of organisations that are to implement the Standard defined herein. The data element names shown in the diagrams below are not the formal names used in the messages as the diagram is intended to provide a quick overview of the data to be provided within the messages.

The diagrams are not normative.

Figure 2 — Information content in the NewReleaseMessage (Overview)

Note that one XML Attribute, LanguageAndScriptCode, is only shown on the top-level (message) composites; it is accompanied with two further attributed to indicate a specific Release or Business Profile (not shown). This attribute is, in fact, present on all composites or elements that might benefit from being coded in different languages and/0r scripts. If placed on a composite, its value applies to all sub-elements (and, potentially, overrides a different LanguageAndScriptCode “further up”. If placed on an element its value applies only to that element. The LanguageAndScriptCode is provided in accordance with IETF RfC 4646.

Figure 3 — Information content in the NewReleaseMessage (Collections, CueSheets)

Figure 4 — Information content in the CatalogListMessage

Also note that dashed lines represent logical relationships between entities. These relationships are represented not but one entity’s metadata physically including the other entity’s metadata but by referencing — using XML Schema’s xs:ID/xs:IDREF mechanism — the linked entity. The “anchors” for these references are not listed in the diagrams below.

 5.5 Describing Audio-visual Releases (informative)

5.5.1    Series and Seasons

The support for audiovisual Releases such as TV programmes is, in many circumstances more complex than “traditional” audio-only Releases. This is because TV programmes often come in multiple instalments — sometimes called Episodes, Seasons and Series. To allow the communication of such hierarchical Releases, DDEX has developed a composite called “Collection” as it can collect one ore more individual Resources into a, for instance, “Season”. Equally, this composite can be used to collect several “Seasons” into a “Series”. This concept is shown in Figure 5 below where a company wants to declare a Series comprising one pilot programme plus two Seasons, each comprising themselves of two Episodes (blue). The company now wants to make available the pilot, Seasons 1 and 2, Episode 2 of Season 2, the entire Series and each individual Episode. Thus eight Releases are created (green). Not shown are the Deals for these Releases.

 

Figure 5 — Collections of Resources

Not shown in Figure 5 is the ability to associate a “representative image” — i.e. a static image that can be shown to the user to represent the entire collection — to each of the Collections.

5.5.2    Chapters

It should be noted that each episode itself could also be described in a Collection (of typically one item). This was made to enable splitting an episode into several parts. Such splitting of an individual Resource is, however, typically done by a process of “chaptering”. Such chapters are also described within the Collection composite. A chapter is a subset of a Resource, such as the one representing the pilot programme of the TV series shown in Figure 5. Figure 6 shows how this Resource could be split into four chapters (e.g. representing the opening scenes, the main body of the episode, the cliff hanger at the end and, finally, the closing credits).

 

Figure 6 — Chapters of a Resource

Such chapters are also useful on sound recordings, most notably concert recordings, where the clapping may need to be separated out from the actual music, and audio books. As with Figure 5, Figure 6 does not show the ability to associate a representative image with each chapter.

5.5.3    Cues

The final aspect to support audiovisual Releases lies in the ability to provide “cue sheets” to the message recipient. Cues inform about which Work or Resource is being used in a “host” Resource at which location, for how long and for what purpose.

Not shown in the diagram is the ability to directly include the cue’s metadata (title, contributors, etc.) into the cue composite.

 

Figure 7 — Cues

5.5.4    Successive Completion of Audio-Visual Releases (informative)

When making available audio-visual Releases there is a common requirement for Releases to be successively completed, i.e. a Release is created (and made available) at a point in time when not all of its constituent parts are available or even known. An example is a TV series where the Release is created, and put up for sale, when the first episode has been shown. As soon as the second episode has been broadcast, the Release is “augmented” by that second episode. This can continue until the season is “complete”.

This Standard can be employed to commutate such Releases as follows:

  • To declare an incomplete Collection, the message sender can:
  • Set the isComplete flag within the Collection composite to “false”;
  • Set the Number of Collections field within the Collection’s CollectionCollection-ReferenceList to the number of parts that would make the collection complete; this number would need to be bigger than the number of References in the Collection-CollectionReferenceList;
  • To declare an extension to a previously incomplete Collection (which remains incomplete), the message sender needs to report all parts of the Collection (i.e. old and new parts) and:
  • Set the isComplete flag within the Collection composite to “false”;
  • Set the Number of Collections field within the Collection’s CollectionCollection-ReferenceList to the number of parts that would make the collection complete; this number would need to be bigger than the number of References in the Collection-CollectionReferenceList;
  • To “declare” an extension to a previously incomplete Collection (which is now complete), the message sender needs to report all parts of the Collection (i.e. old and new parts)and:
  • Set Collection->isComplete to “true”
  • Set the Number of Collections field within the Collection’s CollectionCollection-ReferenceList to the number of References in the CollectionCollectionReference–List.

 

 

 5.6 Describing Exploitations of Releases (informative)

In DDEX Messages MessageSenders can use five allowed value sets to describe how Releases can be (or have been) exploited. They are:
  • ReleaseType
  • UseType;
  • CommercialModelType;
  • ConsumerInterfaceType; and
  • Distribution Channel Type.

The ReleaseType categorises the Release from the point of view of the ReleaseCreator. For example, a ReleaseCreator may create a Release for use as a RingbackTone on a mobile phone. This is distinct from the UseType which describes what a Consumer is allowed to do with a Release. For example, a Release created as a “normal” digital Album, might be used as a RingTone.

The third dimension, the Commercial Model type describes how Consumers pay for the Release, whether the transactions are based on subscriptions or whether the Consumer pays directly for each Release received.

The final two dimensions can be used to describe the devices on which Consumers consume (e.g. a portable device or a games console) the Releases and through what type of conduit they receive the Releases (e.g. a radio broadcast or the Internet). It is important to know that in many cases such detail will not be required and, thus, ConsumerInterfaceType and DistributionChannelType are optional fields in the messages.

 5.7 Communication of Allowed Values defined in a later Standard (informative)

In order to communicate an allowed values defined by DDEX later than the message format used in the communication between two business partners the following approach shall be taken:
  1. The element shall contain the value “UserDefined”;
  2. The UserDefinedValue attribute shall be set to the value from the later standard; and
  3. The Namespace attribute shall be set to the same value as defined as normative content for the MessageVersionId attribute for that standard.

For example, to communicate a UseType of KioskDownload, a term defined for Version 3.3 of the Release Notification Standard in a Version 3.2 message the following XML code shall be used:

<UseType UserDefinedValue="KioskDownload" Namespace="ern/33">
   UserDefinedValue
</UseType>

6 Message Definition

 6.1 Introduction

This Clause contains an overview for each of the two messages in the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard in a tabular form. The full technical specification is includes the XML Schema files accompanying this standard.

The Standard comprises two messages:

  • NewReleaseMessage, a message in the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard containing details of a new Release; and
  • CatalogListMessage, a Message in the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard containing a list of Releases that form part of a catalogue.

The hierarchical structure of the messages is provided through indentation. On the Message Header for example, the PartyName is a child of Sender. Thus, a Sender contains a PartyName (plus a PartyId). A second example from the Message Header is the MessageAuditTrail that contains MessageAuditTrailEvents which, in turn, contains a MessagingPartyDescriptor and a DateTime element. All elements that have subelements are printed in bold. The MessageAuditTrailEvents element also shows a second structural feature of the Message Summary: the cardinality. In the case of MessageAuditTrailEvents the entry "1-n" means that each MessageAuditTrail contains one or more MessageAuditTrailEvents.

Other possible cardinality entries are: "1" (for: exactly one), "0-1" (for none or one) or "0-n" (for none to multiple). Elements shown in italics are represented in the XML Schema as XML Attributes. In several places within the messages, the Message Sender may need to make a choice between using two or more XML elements. These instances are marked in the tabular representation of the messages below with the keyword XmlChoice. This keyword is not part of the messages; instead exactly one of the “branches” below the XmlChoice keyword has to be used.

In addition to the tabular description of the message, which should always be read in conjunction with the XML Schema files, additional conformance rules, which go beyond XML Schema validation, are provided where necessary. The general conformance rules for all messages within this Standard are provided in Clause 6.2.

Specific business processes between sender and recipient may require even further conformance rules. These are, however, not part of the Standard and will need to be agreed between business partners. Rules relating to the authority of business partners to unilaterally change the Message Standard in this way are set out in the current version of the Procedures for the Development and Maintenance of DDEX Standards which forms part of the overall governance of the DDEX Standards.

The syntax as well as the semantics of the various elements in the messages is provided in this Clause. They are taken from the current version of the DDEX Data Dictionary as defined through, and maintained in accordance with, the DDEX Data Dictionary Standard.

 6.2 General Conformance Rules

6.2.1 Schema Validation

A message is conformant to this specification only when it validates against the set of XML Schema files provided.

6.2.2 Allowed Value Lists

The allowed values are listed, defined and provided through the DDEX Data Dictionary Standard in accordance with its latest version. Other values are not possible unless by using the mechanism described below:

This Standard does not explicitly list allowed values. The XML Schema files contain the allowed values at the time of writing of this Standard (see Annex A). Some of the allowed value sets contain a provision to either use a User Defined Value instead of a DDEX-defined value (in that case the MessageSender has to select the value “UserDefined” from the AVS and provide its own value in the XML attribute “UserDefinedValue”) or to augment a DDEX-defined value (in that case the MessageSender may not select the value “UserDefined” from the AVS but shall provide its additional information in the XML attribute “UserDefinedValue”). In either case the Namespace attribute shall be used to indicate where the UserDefinedValue is defined and maintained.

6.2.3 Allowed Values for Namespace Attributes

The Namespace attributes can be used to allow message parties to use proprietary value lists.

The allowed value for the Namespace attribute which is recommended to be used is the DDEX Party Identifier of the party controlling the proprietary allowed value, as defined in, and administered in accordance with the latest version of the DDEX Party ID Standard.

6.2.4 Indicating Unknown Values

When the sender of a message is required to provide a data element but cannot do so, the following values shall be entered:

  • In fields of type xs:string: “#unknown#” ;
  • In fields of type xd:date: “9999-01-01”;
  • In fields of type xs:datetime: “9999-01-01T99:01:01”; and
  • In fields of type xs:duration: “PT99H01M01S”.

The circumstances under which such behaviour is permissible may be limited in the specific business relationship between message sender and message recipient.

6.2.5 Contractually Mandatory

The messages defined in this standard contain fields with cardinality “0-1” or “0-n”. Therefore these fields are from the standard’s point of view, optional. Such fields may, however, be mandatory when a DDEX message is sent in a specific commercial context.

In such circumstances, a message is deemed conformant only if and when it contains all the “contractually mandatory” fields as agreed by MessageSender and MessageRecipient.

6.2.6 On-Demand Stream

While the DistributionChannelType allowed-value set includes the OnDemandStream, this value is deprecated as it is a UseType and not a DistributionChannelType.

6.2.7 Schema Version

The only valid value for this field is "ern/37".

 6.3 Syntax and Semantics of Messages
 6.3.1 NewReleaseMessage

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 6.3.2 CatalogMessage

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Annexes

 Annex A (normative) Allowed-Value Setshere to expand...

Table 2 lists all allowed value sets with their allowed values and definitions that are valid within this standard. Note, the allowed-value sets are maintained outside of this Standard and DDEX may add to the list below.

Table 2 — Allowed-Value-Sets used in the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard

Allowed-value set with its allowed valuesDefinition
AccessLimitationA Type of limitation on the access of a site.
 NoLimitationUnlimited access.
 PrivateAccessOnlyRestricted access.
AdministratingRecordCompanyRoleA role played by a Party responsible for administering Rights in a Resource or a Release.
 DesignatedDsrMessageRecipientAn AdministratingRecordCompany that is designated to receive a sales report for Releases. Note: Typically this report is in the form of a DSR Message.
 RightsAdministratorA Party administrating Rights on behalf of one or more RightsControllers.
 RoyaltyAdministratorA Party that collects and distributes Royalties on behalf of one or more RightsControllers.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
AllTerritoryCodeA code representing a Territory. This includes ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes, CISAC TIS codes, plus a code for Worldwide. It also includes deprecated ISO codes defined in ISO 3166-3.
 ADAndorra (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AEThe United Arab Emirates (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AFAfghanistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AGAntigua and Barbuda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AIAnguilla (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ALAlbania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AMArmenia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ANNetherlands Antilles (Source:ISO 3166-1). This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 AOAngola (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AQAntarctica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ARArgentina (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ASAmerican Samoa (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ATAustria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AUAustralia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AWAruba (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AXÃ…land Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AZAzerbaijan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BABosnia and Herzegovina (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BBBarbados (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BDBangladesh (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BEBelgium (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BFBurkina Faso (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BGBulgaria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BHBahrain (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BIBurundi (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BJBenin (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BLSaint Barthélemy (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BMBermuda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BNBrunei (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BOBolivia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BQBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BRBrazil (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BSThe Bahamas (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BTBhutan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BVBouvet Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BWBotswana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BYBelarus (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BZBelize (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CACanada (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CCCocos Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CDThe Democratic Republic of the Congo (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CFThe Central African Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CGThe Congo (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CHSwitzerland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CICôte d'Ivoire (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CKCook Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CLChile (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CMCameroon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CNChina (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 COColombia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CRCosta Rica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CSCzechslovakia (until 1993) or Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006) (Source:ISO 3166-1). This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 CUCuba (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CVCape Verde (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CWCuraçao (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CXChristmas Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CYCyprus (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CZThe Czech Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DEGermany (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DJDjibouti (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DKDenmark (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DMDominica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DOThe Dominican Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DZAlgeria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ECEcuador (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EEEstonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EGEgypt (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EHWestern Sahara (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EREritrea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ESSpain (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ETEthiopia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FIFinland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FJFiji (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FKFalkland Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FMMicronesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FOFaroe Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FRFrance (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GAGabon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GBThe United Kingdom (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GDGrenada (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GEGeorgia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GFFrench Guiana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GGGuernsey (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GHGhana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GIGibraltar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GLGreenland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GMThe Gambia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GNGuinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GPGuadeloupe (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GQEquatorial Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GRGreece (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GSSouth Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GTGuatemala (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GUGuam (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GWGuinea-Bissau (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GYGuyana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HKHong Kong (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HMHeard Island and McDonald Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HNHonduras (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HRCroatia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HTHaiti (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HUHungary (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IDIndonesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IEIreland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ILIsrael (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IMIsle of Man (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 INIndia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IOThe British Indian Ocean Territory (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IQIraq (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IRIran (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ISIceland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ITItaly (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JEJersey (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JMJamaica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JOJordan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JPJapan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KEKenya (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KGKyrgyzstan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KHCambodia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KIKiribati (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KMThe Comoros (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KNSaint Kitts and Nevis (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KPThe Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KRThe Republic of Korea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KWKuwait (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KYCayman Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KZKazakhstan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LALaos (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LBLebanon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LCSaint Lucia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LILiechtenstein (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LKSri Lanka (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LRLiberia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LSLesotho (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LTLithuania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LULuxembourg (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LVLatvia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LYLibya (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MAMorocco (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MCMonaco (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MDMoldova (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MEMontenegro (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MFSaint Martin (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MGMadagascar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MHThe Marshall Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MKMacedonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MLMali (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MMMyanmar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MNMongolia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MOMacao (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MPNorthern Mariana Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MQMartinique (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MRMauritania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MSMontserrat (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MTMalta (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MUMauritius (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MVMaldives (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MWMalawi (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MXMexico (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MYMalaysia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MZMozambique (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NANamibia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NCNew Caledonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NEThe Niger (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NFNorfolk Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NGNigeria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NINicaragua (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NLThe Netherlands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NONorway (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NPNepal (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NRNauru (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NUNiue (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NZNew Zealand (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 OMOman (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PAPanama (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PEPeru (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PFFrench Polynesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PGPapua New Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PHThe Philippines (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PKPakistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PLPoland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PMSaint Pierre and Miquelon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PNPitcairn (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PRPuerto Rico (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PSThe Occupied Palestinian Territory (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PTPortugal (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PWPalau (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PYParaguay (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 QAQatar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RERéunion (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RORomania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RSSerbia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RURussia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RWRwanda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SASaudi Arabia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SBSolomon Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SCSeychelles (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SDThe Sudan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SESweden (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SGSingapore (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SHSaint Helena (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SISlovenia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SKSlovakia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SLSierra Leone (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SMSan Marino (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SNSenegal (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SOSomalia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SRSuriname (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SSSouth Soudan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 STSao Tome and Principe (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SVEl Salvador (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SXSint Maarten (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SYSyria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SZSwaziland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TCTurks and Caicos Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TDChad (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TFThe French Southern Territories (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TGTogo (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 THThailand (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TJTajikistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TKTokelau (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TLTimor-Leste (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TMTurkmenistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TNTunisia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TOTonga (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TRTurkey (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TTTrinidad and Tobago (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TVTuvalu (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TWTaiwan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TZTanzania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UAUkraine (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UGUganda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UMUnited States Minor Outlying Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 USThe United States (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UYUruguay (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UZUzbekistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VAThe Holy See (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VCSaint Vincent and The Grenadines (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VEVenezuela (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VGBritish Virgin Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VIUS Virgin Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VNViet Nam (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VUVanuatu (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 WFWallis and Futuna (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 WSSamoa (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 YEYemen (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 YTMayotte (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ZASouth Africa (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ZMZambia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ZWZimbabwe (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 4Afghanistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 8Albania (Source: TIS Standard).
 12Algeria (Source: TIS Standard).
 20Andorra (Source: TIS Standard).
 24Angola (Source: TIS Standard).
 28Antigua And Barbuda (Source: TIS Standard).
 31Azerbaijan (Source: TIS Standard).
 32Argentina (Source: TIS Standard).
 36Australia (Source: TIS Standard).
 40Austria (Source: TIS Standard).
 44Bahamas (Source: TIS Standard).
 48Bahrain (Source: TIS Standard).
 50Bangladesh (Source: TIS Standard).
 51Armenia (Source: TIS Standard).
 52Barbados (Source: TIS Standard).
 56Belgium (Source: TIS Standard).
 64Bhutan (Source: TIS Standard).
 68Bolivia (Source: TIS Standard).
 70Bosnia And Herzegovina (Source: TIS Standard).
 72Botswana (Source: TIS Standard).
 76Brazil (Source: TIS Standard).
 84Belize (Source: TIS Standard).
 90Solomon Islands (Source: TIS Standard).
 96Brunei Darussalam (Source: TIS Standard).
 100Bulgaria (Source: TIS Standard).
 104Myanmar (Source: TIS Standard).
 108Burundi (Source: TIS Standard).
 112Belarus (Source: TIS Standard).
 116Cambodia (Source: TIS Standard).
 120Cameroon (Source: TIS Standard).
 124Canada (Source: TIS Standard).
 132Cape Verde (Source: TIS Standard).
 140Central African Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 144Sri Lanka (Source: TIS Standard).
 148Chad (Source: TIS Standard).
 152Chile (Source: TIS Standard).
 156China (Source: TIS Standard).
 158Taiwan, Province of China (Source: TIS Standard).
 170Colombia (Source: TIS Standard).
 174Comoros (Source: TIS Standard).
 178Congo (Source: TIS Standard).
 180Congo, The Democratic Republic of The (Source: TIS Standard).
 188Costa Rica (Source: TIS Standard).
 191Croatia (Source: TIS Standard).
 192Cuba (Source: TIS Standard).
 196Cyprus (Source: TIS Standard).
 200Czechoslovakia (Source: TIS Standard).
 203Czech Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 204Benin (Source: TIS Standard).
 208Denmark (Source: TIS Standard).
 212Dominica (Source: TIS Standard).
 214Dominican Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 218Ecuador (Source: TIS Standard).
 222El Salvador (Source: TIS Standard).
 226Equatorial Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).
 230Ethiopia (Source: TIS Standard).
 231Ethiopia (Source: TIS Standard).
 232Eritrea (Source: TIS Standard).
 233Estonia (Source: TIS Standard).
 242Fiji (Source: TIS Standard).
 246Finland (Source: TIS Standard).
 250France (Source: TIS Standard).
 258French Polynesia (Source: TIS Standard).
 262Djibouti (Source: TIS Standard).
 266Gabon (Source: TIS Standard).
 268Georgia (Source: TIS Standard).
 270Gambia (Source: TIS Standard).
 276Germany (after 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 278German Democratic Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 280Germany (before 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 288Ghana (Source: TIS Standard).
 296Kiribati (Source: TIS Standard).
 300Greece (Source: TIS Standard).
 308Grenada (Source: TIS Standard).
 320Guatemala (Source: TIS Standard).
 324Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).
 328Guyana (Source: TIS Standard).
 332Haiti (Source: TIS Standard).
 336Holy See (Vatican City State) (Source: TIS Standard).
 340Honduras (Source: TIS Standard).
 344Hong Kong (Source: TIS Standard).
 348Hungary (Source: TIS Standard).
 352Iceland (Source: TIS Standard).
 356India (Source: TIS Standard).
 360Indonesia (Source: TIS Standard).
 364Iran, Islamic Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 368Iraq (Source: TIS Standard).
 372Ireland (Source: TIS Standard).
 376Israel (Source: TIS Standard).
 380Italy (Source: TIS Standard).
 384Cote D'Ivoire (Source: TIS Standard).
 388Jamaica (Source: TIS Standard).
 392Japan (Source: TIS Standard).
 398Kazakhstan (Source: TIS Standard).
 400Jordan (Source: TIS Standard).
 404Kenya (Source: TIS Standard).
 408Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 410Korea, Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 414Kuwait (Source: TIS Standard).
 417Kyrgyzstan (Source: TIS Standard).
 418Lao People's Democratic Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 422Lebanon (Source: TIS Standard).
 426Lesotho (Source: TIS Standard).
 428Latvia (Source: TIS Standard).
 430Liberia (Source: TIS Standard).
 434Libya (Source: TIS Standard).
 438Liechtenstein (Source: TIS Standard).
 440Lithuania (Source: TIS Standard).
 442Luxembourg (Source: TIS Standard).
 450Madagascar (Source: TIS Standard).
 454Malawi (Source: TIS Standard).
 458Malaysia (Source: TIS Standard).
 462Maldives (Source: TIS Standard).
 466Mali (Source: TIS Standard).
 470Malta (Source: TIS Standard).
 478Mauritania (Source: TIS Standard).
 480Mauritius (Source: TIS Standard).
 484Mexico (Source: TIS Standard).
 492Monaco (Source: TIS Standard).
 496Mongolia (Source: TIS Standard).
 498Moldova, Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 499Montenegro (Source: TIS Standard).
 504Morocco (Source: TIS Standard).
 508Mozambique (Source: TIS Standard).
 512Oman (Source: TIS Standard).
 516Namibia (Source: TIS Standard).
 520Nauru (Source: TIS Standard).
 524Nepal (Source: TIS Standard).
 528Netherlands (Source: TIS Standard).
 540New Caledonia (Source: TIS Standard).
 548Vanuatu (Source: TIS Standard).
 554New Zealand (Source: TIS Standard).
 558Nicaragua (Source: TIS Standard).
 562Niger (Source: TIS Standard).
 566Nigeria (Source: TIS Standard).
 578Norway (Source: TIS Standard).
 583Micronesia, Federated States of (Source: TIS Standard).
 584Marshall Islands (Source: TIS Standard).
 585Palau (Source: TIS Standard).
 586Pakistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 591Panama (Source: TIS Standard).
 598Papua New Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).
 600Paraguay (Source: TIS Standard).
 604Peru (Source: TIS Standard).
 608Philippines (Source: TIS Standard).
 616Poland (Source: TIS Standard).
 620Portugal (Source: TIS Standard).
 624Guinea-Bissau (Source: TIS Standard).
 626Timor-Leste (Source: TIS Standard).
 630Puerto Rico (Source: TIS Standard).
 634Qatar (Source: TIS Standard).
 642Romania (Source: TIS Standard).
 643Russian Federation (Source: TIS Standard).
 646Rwanda (Source: TIS Standard).
 659Saint Kitts And Nevis (Source: TIS Standard).
 662Saint Lucia (Source: TIS Standard).
 670Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (Source: TIS Standard).
 674San Marino (Source: TIS Standard).
 678Sao Tome And Principe (Source: TIS Standard).
 682Saudi Arabia (Source: TIS Standard).
 686Senegal (Source: TIS Standard).
 688Serbia (Source: TIS Standard).
 690Seychelles (Source: TIS Standard).
 694Sierra Leone (Source: TIS Standard).
 702Singapore (Source: TIS Standard).
 703Slovakia (Source: TIS Standard).
 704Viet Nam (Source: TIS Standard).
 705Slovenia (Source: TIS Standard).
 706Somalia (Source: TIS Standard).
 710South Africa (Source: TIS Standard).
 716Zimbabwe (Source: TIS Standard).
 720Yemen, Democratic (Source: TIS Standard).
 724Spain (Source: TIS Standard).
 728South Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).
 729Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).
 732Western Sahara (Source: TIS Standard).
 736Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).
 740Suriname (Source: TIS Standard).
 748Swaziland (Source: TIS Standard).
 752Sweden (Source: TIS Standard).
 756Switzerland (Source: TIS Standard).
 760Syrian Arab Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 762Tajikistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 764Thailand (Source: TIS Standard).
 768Togo (Source: TIS Standard).
 776Tonga (Source: TIS Standard).
 780Trinidad And Tobago (Source: TIS Standard).
 784United Arab Emirates (Source: TIS Standard).
 788Tunisia (Source: TIS Standard).
 792Turkey (Source: TIS Standard).
 795Turkmenistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 798Tuvalu (Source: TIS Standard).
 800Uganda (Source: TIS Standard).
 804Ukraine (Source: TIS Standard).
 807Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 810USSR (Source: TIS Standard).
 818Egypt (Source: TIS Standard).
 826United Kingdom (Source: TIS Standard).
 834Tanzania, United Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 840United States (Source: TIS Standard).
 854Burkina Faso (Source: TIS Standard).
 858Uruguay (Source: TIS Standard).
 860Uzbekistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 862Venezuela (Source: TIS Standard).
 882Samoa (Source: TIS Standard).
 886Yemen (before 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 887Yemen (after 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 890Yugoslavia (Source: TIS Standard).
 891Serbia And Montenegro (Source: TIS Standard).
 894Zambia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2100Africa (Source: TIS Standard).
 2101America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2102American Continent (Source: TIS Standard).
 2103Antilles (Source: TIS Standard).
 2104Apec Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2105Asean Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2106Asia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2107Australasia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2108Balkans (Source: TIS Standard).
 2109Baltic States (Source: TIS Standard).
 2110Benelux (Source: TIS Standard).
 2111British Isles (Source: TIS Standard).
 2112British West Indies (Source: TIS Standard).
 2113Central America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2114Commonwealth (Source: TIS Standard).
 2115Commonwealth African Territories (Source: TIS Standard).
 2116Commonwealth Asian Territories (Source: TIS Standard).
 2117Commonwealth Australasian Territories (Source: TIS Standard).
 2118Commonwealth of Independent States (Source: TIS Standard).
 2119Eastern Europe (Source: TIS Standard).
 2120Europe (Source: TIS Standard).
 2121European Economic Area (Source: TIS Standard).
 2122European Continent (Source: TIS Standard).
 2123European Union (Source: TIS Standard).
 2124GSA Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2125Middle East (Source: TIS Standard).
 2126Nafta Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2127Nordic Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2128North Africa (Source: TIS Standard).
 2129North America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2130Oceania (Source: TIS Standard).
 2131Scandinavia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2132South America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2133South East Asia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2134West Indies (Source: TIS Standard).
 2136World (Source: TIS Standard).
 WorldwideAn Identifier which identifies all Territories in the world.
 AIDJFrench Afar and Issas, Name changed to Djibouti (DJ), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 ANHHNetherlands Antilles, Divided into: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (BQ), Curaçao (CW), Sint Maarten (Dutch part) (SX), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 BQAQBritish Antarctic Territory, Merged into Antarctica (AQ), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 BUMMBurma, Name changed to Myanmar (MM), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 BYAAByelorussian SSR, Name changed to Belarus (BY), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 CSHHCzechoslovakia, Divided into: Czech Republic (CZ), Slovakia (SK), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 CSXXSerbia and Montenegro, Divided into: Montenegro (ME), Serbia (RS), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 CTKICanton and Enderbury Islands, Merged into Kiribati (KI), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 DDDEGerman Democratic Republic, Merged into Germany (DE), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 DYBJDahomey, Name changed to Benin (BJ), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 FQHHFrench Southern and Antarctic Territories, Divided into: Part of Antarctica (AQ) (i.e., Adálie Land), French Southern Territories (TF), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 FXFRFrance, Metropolitan, Merged into France (FR), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 GEHHGilbert and Ellice Islands, Divided into: Kiribati (KI), Tuvalu (TV), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 HVBFUpper Volta, Name changed to Burkina Faso (BF), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 JTUMJohnston Island, Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 MIUMMidway Islands, Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 NHVUNew Hebrides, Name changed to Vanuatu (VU), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 NQAQDronning Maud Land, Merged into Antarctica (AQ), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 NTHHNeutral Zone, Divided into: Part of Iraq (IQ), Part of Saudi Arabia (SA), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 PCHHPacific Islands, Trust Territory of the, Divided into: Marshall Islands (MH), Micronesia, Federated States of (FM), Northern Mariana Islands (MP), Palau (PW), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 PUUMU.S. Miscellaneous Pacific Islands, Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 PZPAPanama Canal Zone, Merged into Panama (PA), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 RHZWSouthern Rhodesia, Name changed to Zimbabwe (ZW), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 SKINSikkim, Merged into India (IN), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 SUHHUSSR, Divided into: Armenia (AM), Azerbaijan (AZ), Estonia (EE), Georgia (GE), Kazakhstan (KZ), Kyrgyzstan (KG), Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Moldova, Republic of (MD), Russian Federation (RU), Tajikistan (TJ), Turkmenistan (TM), Uzbekistan (UZ), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 TPTLEast Timor, Name changed to Timor-Leste (TL), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 VDVNViet-Nam, Democratic Republic of, Merged into Viet Nam (VN), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 WKUMWake Island, Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 YDYEYemen, Democratic, Merged into Yemen (YE), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 YUCSYugoslavia, Name changed to Serbia and Montenegro (CS), (Source ISO 3166-3).
 ZRCDZaire, Name changed to Congo, the Democratic Republic of the (CD), (Source ISO 3166-3).
ArtistRoleA role of a principal Contributor in relation to a Performance or a Fixation.
 ActorA Party who performs spoken word or mime.
 AdapterAn Author of adapted Lyrics of a MusicalWork. Note: The adapted Lyrics may or may not result in a new copyright Creation.
 ArchitectA Designer of a building.
 ArrangerA modifier of musical components of a Work. Note: The arranged MusicalWork may or may not result in a new copyright Creation.
 ArtistA principal Contributor to a Performance of a MusicalWork or a NonMusicalWork that results in the creation of a Resource. Note: Used for naming groups as well as individuals.
 AssociatedPerformerAn Artist commonly associated with a Work as one of its Performers, and whose identity is only used for accurate Work identification.
 AuthorA Creator of written or spoken words which form part of a Resource.
 BandA group of individuals who perform vocally and/or instrumentally together.
 CartoonistA Creator of a cartoon.
 ChoirA group of Parties who perform vocally together. Typically, Choirs consist of at least 2 people in an combination of different vocal ranges.
 ChoreographerA Creator of a dance.
 ComposerA Creator of the musical elements of a MusicalWork. 
 ComposerLyricistA Creator that plays the roles of Composer and Lyricist of a MusicalWork.
 ComputerGraphicCreatorA Creator of a computer graphics.
 ConductorA Party who leads or conducts a Performance by a group of musicians.
 ContributorA Party contributing to the making of a Creation.
 DancerA Party who performs a dance.
 DesignerA Creator of a design.
 DirectorA Party who leads or supervises actors, e.g. in the prodution of a movie.
 EnsembleA group of two or more Parties performing a MusicalWork together. Note: An Ensemble may be of any size or any grouping of Performers from a vocal duo to a full orchestra.
 FeaturedArtistA Party who is not the MainArtist but is acknowledged as a significant Contributor to the Performance. Note: FeaturedArtists are often MainArtists on their own Resources. They are also frequently credited on marketing material using the term 'featuring ...'.
 FilmDirectorA Director of a movie.
 GraphicArtistA Creator of a drawing.
 GraphicDesignerA Designer of graphical elements.
 JournalistA Creator of an article for a magazine or a newspaper.
 LibrettistA Creator of a libretto.
 LyricistA Creator of the Lyrics of a MusicalWork.
 MainArtistA Party who is a principal credited Artist for a Resource. 
 MusicPublisherA Party which has acquired Rights in one or more MusicalWorks for a specified Territory and Period. Note: A MusicPublisher typically administers and promotes the exploitation of the acquired Works. This term includes OriginalPublisher and SubPublisher. 
 NonLyricAuthorA Creator of written or spoken words other than Lyrics. 
 OrchestraA large group of Parties performing a MusicalWork together, predominantly using musical instruments rather than voice. An Orchestra is typically led by a Conductor.
 OriginalPublisherA Party which has acquired, from a Creator, Rights in a Creation for a specified Territory and Period.
 PainterA Creator of a painting.
 PhotographerA Creator of a photograph.
 PhotographyDirectorA Director of responsible for photography.
 PlaywrightA Creator of a stageplay.
 PrimaryMusicianA Party who performs a MusicalWork either vocally or instrumentally and would be considered the principal Contributor for the piece.
 ProducerA Party responsible for an artistic input to the production of a Resource (e.g. a SoundRecording or audiovisual Recording).
 ProgrammerA Creator of a computer program.
 ScreenplayAuthorA Creator of a screenplay.
 SoloistA Party who performs the featured Part of a MusicalWork (or a section of it) alone or with only supporting accompaniment. 
 StudioMusicianA Party who performs a MusicalWork either vocally or instrumentally in a studio.
 StudioPersonnelA Party who is employed in a studio and contributes to the making of a Resource.
 SubArrangerA Creator of arrangements made on behalf of a SubPublisher.
 SubPublisherA Party which has acquired, by Agreement with a MusicPublisher, Rights in one or more MusicalWorks for a specified Territory and Period. Note: This includes Rights which are passed to subsidiaries or affiliates of a larger Organization.
 SubstitutedPublisherA Party acting on behalf of a MusicPublisher or other controller of Rights in a MusicalWork.
 TranslatorA Party that translates Lyrics and/or Text from one Language into another. This is also known as sub-Lyricist.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
AudioCodecTypeA Type of AudioCodec.
 AACAdvanced Audio Coding as standardized in ISO/IEC 13817-7.
 ADPCMAdaptive Differential PCM audio as defined in ITU G.721, 726 and 727.
 ALawAn AudioCodec to optimize, i.e. modify, the dynamic range of an analogue signal for digitizing, mostly used in Europe.
 AMR-NBAdaptive Multi-Rate Narrowband.
 AMR-WBAdaptive Multi-Rate Wideband.
 FLACFree Lossless Audio Codec developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation..
 MP2MPEG Audio Layer II, as standardized in ISO/IEC 11172-3 and 13818-3.
 MP3MPEG Audio Layer III, as standardized in ISO/IEC 11172-3 and 13818-3.
 MuLawAn AudioCodec to optimize, i.e. modify, the dynamic range of an analogue signal for digitizing, mostly used in North America and Japan.
 PCMPulse-code modulated audio as used e.g. on audio CDs.
 PDMPulse-Density Modulation, a form of modulation used to represent an analog signal with digital data. Direct-Stream Digital (DSD) is the trademark name used by Sony and Philips for PDM.
 QCELPQualcomm Code Excited Linear Prediction as developed by Qualcomm.
 RealAudioReal Audio as developed by RealNetworks Inc.
 ShockwaveShockwave as developed by Macromedia Inc.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VorbisAn AudioCodec developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
 WMAWindows Media Audio as developed by Microsoft Corp.
BinaryDataTypeA format of a Fingerprint.
 Binary64Base64-encoded binary data.
 HexBinaryHexadecimal-encoded binary data.
CarrierTypeA Type of Carrier used for a Fixation.
 12InchDiscoSingleRemixA Disco Single Remix 12 inches (30 cm) VinylDisk.
 33rpm10InchLPAn LP 33 rpm 10 inches (25 cm).
 33rpm10InchSingleA 33 rpm 10 inches (25 cm) VinylDisk single.
 33rpm12InchLPAn LP 33 rpm 12 inches (30 cm).
 33rpm12InchLp20TracksAn LP 33 rpm 12 inches (30 cm) with 20 tracks.
 33rpm12InchMaxiSingleA 33 rpm 12 inches (30 cm) VinylDisk maxi single.
 33rpm12InchSingleA 33 rpm 12 inches (30 cm) VinylDisk single.
 33rpm7InchLPAn LP 33 rpm 7 inches (17 cm).
 33rpm7InchSingleA 33 rpm 7 inches (17 cm) VinylDisk single.
 45rpm10InchLPAn LP 45 rpm 10 inches (25 cm).
 45rpm10InchMaxiSingleA 45 rpm 10 inches (25 cm) VinylDisk maxi single.
 45rpm10InchSingleA 45 rpm 10 inches (25 cm) VinylDisk single.
 45rpm12InchLPAn LP 45 rpm 12 inches (30 cm).
 45rpm12InchMaxiSingleA 45 rpm 12 inches (30 cm) VinylDisk maxi single.
 45rpm12InchSingleA 45 rpm 12 inches (30 cm) VinylDisk single.
 45rpm7InchEPA 45 rpm 7 inches (17 cm) VinylDisk EP.
 45rpm7InchSingleA 45 rpm 7 inches (17 cm) VinylDisk single.
 7InchMaxiSingleRemixA Maxi Single Remix 7 inches (17 cm) VinylDisk.
 BluRayA blu-ray disc.
 CDA CompactDisc.
 CdCompilationA CD Compilation.
 CdEpA CD EP.
 CdEpEnhancedA CD EP enhanced.
 CdExtraCompilationA CD Extra Compilation.
 CdExtraEPA CD Extra EP.
 CdExtraLPA CD Extra LP.
 CdExtraMaxiRemixA CD Extra Maxi Remix.
 CdExtraMaxiSingleA CD Extra Maxi Single.
 CdExtraSingleA CD Extra Single.
 CdExtraSingle2TracksA CD Extra Single 2 tracks.
 CdLpA CD album.
 CdLp5InchA CD LP 5 inches (12 cm).
 CdLpEnhancedA CD album enhanced.
 CdLpPlusCdVideoA CD album plus Video CD or AV CD.
 CdLpPlusDvdAudioA CD album plus DVD Audio.
 CdLpPlusDvdVideoA CD album plus DVD Video.
 CdLpPlusWebA CD album plus web link.
 CdMaxiSingleA CD maxi single.
 CdMaxiSingle3InchA CD maxi single 3 inches.
 CdMaxiSingleEnhancedA CD maxi single enhanced.
 CdMaxiSingleRemixA CD maxi single remix.
 CdPlusCdBonusA CD plus a CD bonus.
 CdPlusDvdBonusA CD plus DVD bonus.
 CdRomA CD ROM.
 CdSingleA CD single.
 CdSingle3InchA CD single 3 inches.
 CdSingle5InchA CD single 5 inches.
 CdVideo5LpNTSCA Video CD 5 Album NTSC.
 CdVideo5LpPALA Video CD 5 Album PAL.
 CdVideoAudioCompatibleA Video CD audio compatible.
 CombiPackA Combi-Pack.
 DCCA DCC.
 DccCompilationA DCC Compilation.
 DualDiscA DualDisc
 DVDA DVD.
 DvdAudioA DVD Audio.
 DvdAudio5MaxiSingleA DVD Audio 5 Maxisingle.
 DvdAudioLPA DVD Audio Album.
 DvdAudioSingleA DVD Audio 5 Single.
 DvdRomA DVD-Rom.
 DvdSingleA DVD-Single.
 DvdVideoA DVD Video.
 DvdVideo5MaxiSingleNTSCA DVD Video 5 Maxisingle NTSC.
 DvdVideo5MaxiSinglePALA DVD Video 5 Maxisingle PAL.
 DvdVideo5SingleNTSCA DVD Video 5 Single NTSC.
 DvdVideo5SinglePALA DVD Video 5 Single PAL.
 DvdVideoLpNTSCA DVD Video Album NTSC.
 DvdVideoLpPALA DVD Video Album PAL.
 DvdVideoLpPlusCdLpOrCdSingleA DVD Video Album plus CD Album or CD Single.
 FanPackA Fan-Pack.
 HdDvdVideoLpAn HD DVD Video Album.
 LaserDiscLp12InchNTSCA laser disc long play 12 inches NTSC.
 LpCompIdenticalToCdCompAn LP compilation identical to a CD compilation.
 LpCompilationAn LP Compilation.
 LpIdenticalToCDAn LP identical to a CD.
 MCAn MC.
 McCompIdenticalToCdCompAn MC Compilation identical to a CD compilation.
 McCompilationAn MC Compilation.
 McDoubleLPAn MC double album.
 McEPAn MC EP.
 McIdenticalToCDAn MC identical to a CD.
 McLPAn MC LP.
 McMaxiSingleAn MC maxisingle.
 McRemixAn MC Remix.
 McSingleAn MC single.
 McSingleIdenticalToCDSAn MC single identical to a CDS.
 MemoryDeviceAudioLPA Memory Device Audio Album.
 MemoryDeviceMixLPA Memory Device Mix Audio/Video/Other Album.
 MemoryDeviceVideoLPA Memory Device Video Album.
 MerchandiseA general merchandise.
 MiniDiscA MiniDisc.
 MiniDiscCompilationA MiniDisc Compilation.
 MiniDiscEPA MiniDisc EP.
 MiniDiscMaxiRemixA MiniDisc Maxi Remix.
 MiniDiscSingleMaxiSingleA MiniDisc Single/ Maxi Single.
 PrePaidCardA pre-paid card.
 SACDSuper Audio Compact Disc.
 SacdCompilationA SACD Compilation.
 SacdLpStereoA SACD Album Stereo.
 SacdLpStereoCdAudioA SACD Album Stereo/CD Audio.
 SacdLpStereoSurroundA SACD Album Stereo/Surround.
 SacdLpStereoSurroundCdAudioA SACD Album Stereo/Surround/CD Audio.
 SacdLpSurroundCdAudioA SACD Album Surround/CD Audio.
 SacdPlusDvdVideoA SACD plus DVD Video.
 VhsNTSCA Videocassette VHS NTSC.
 VhsPALA Videocassette VHS PAL.
 VhsPlusCdLpA Videocassette VHS plus CD Album.
 VhsSECAMA Videocassette VHS SECAM.
CodingTypeA Type of coding used to encode a Resource.
 LosslessA CodingType of a Resource in which no data is lost.
 LossyA CodingType of a Resource in which data is lost.
CollectionTypeA Type of Collection.
 AudioChapterA section of a SoundRecording defined by a start and end point. Typical AudioChapters are chapters of audio books.
 EpisodeA Part of a Series made available at a specific point in time. It may be that a Season or Series is not yet complete when an Episode is made available. Episodes include 'pilots'.
 FilmBundleA Bundle whose core Resources are Videos, but that may also contain Resources of different ResourceTypes. FilmBundles are typically used in electronic distribution.
 MedleySegmentA Part of a Medley.
 PotpourriSegmentA Part of a Potpourri.
 SeasonA Set of Episodes. Typically, a Season contains all Episodes to be made available in a pre-determined time frame, which often is within a twelve-month period. It may be that a Series is not yet complete when an Season is made available.
 SeriesA Set of Resources (Episodes) designed to be made available sequentially.
 VideoChapterA section of a Video defined by a start and end point. Typical VideoChapters are MusicalWorkVideoChapter or NonMusicalWorkVideoChapter.
CommercialModelTypeA Type of CommercialModel (e.g. SubscriptionModel and PayAsYouGoModel). The CommercialModelType indicates how a Consumer pays for a Service or Release.
 AdvertisementSupportedModelA CommercialModel where the Service or Product offering is financed by revenue generated from the sale of advertising.
 AsPerContractA Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.
 DeviceFeeModelA CommercialModel in which revenues generated from the sale of devices are shared with rights holders. The relevant content does not need to be pre-loaded onto the device for the model to apply.
 FreeOfChargeModelA CommercialModel in which a Resource, Release or Product is made available free of charge to Consumers.
 PayAsYouGoModelA CommercialModel where the Service or Product offering is financed by revenue generated from payment (set at any level but not zero) for each Usage which the Customer makes of the Service or Product.
 PerformanceRoyaltiesModelA CommercialModel in which royalties are based on performances.
 RightsClaimModelA CommercialModel in which a MessageSender is claiming ownership of rights in Release(s).
 SubscriptionModelA CommercialModel where the Service or Product offering is financed by revenue generated from a Customer Subscription.
 UnknownAn unknown CommercialModel. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
ContainerFormatA Type of container according to its FileFormat.
 AIFFAudio Interchange File Format
 AVIAudio Video Interleave.
 MP4MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 file format, formally ISO/IEC 14496-14:2003.
 OggMultimedia container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation
 QuickTimeQuickTime as developed by Apple Inc.
 RealMediaMultimedia container format created by RealNetworks.
 RMFRich Music Format, as defined by Beatnik Inc.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 WAVWaveform Audio File Format
CreationTypeA Type of Creation.
 MusicalWorkAn abstract Creation which can be expressed and fixed through sound with or without Lyrics.
 ReleaseAn abstract entity representing a bundle of one or more Resources compiled by an issuer for the purpose of electronic distribution to individual Consumers, directly or through intermediaries. The Resources in Releases are normally primarily SoundRecordings or music audio-visual recordings. The Release is not itself the item of trade (or Product). Products have more extensive attributes than Releases; one Release may be disseminated in many different Products.
 ResourceA digital Fixation of an expression of an abstract Work (such as a SoundRecording, a Video, an Image, Software, or a passage of Text).
CueOriginA Type of Cue according to its origin.
 LibraryMusicA MusicalWork or other Creation which is made available to be used in audio-visual Releases, Resources or Collections through a music library.
 PreexistingMusicA MusicalWork or other Creation that has not been written specifically to be used in audio-visual Releases, Resources or Collections. This is also called InterpolatedMusic.
 SpeciallyCommissionedMusicA MusicalWork or other Creation written specifically for a particular audio-visual Release, Resource or Collection.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
CueSheetTypeA Type of CueSheet.
 AverageCueSheetA CueSheet that proportionally represents the music used within a given Series, Season or Episode.
 CompositeCueSheetA CueSheet that records all music used in a complete Series or within a selected number of sequential Episodes from a given Series.
 StandardCueSheetA CueSheet in which all MusicalWorks or other Creation, with common interested parties, RightShares and UseTypes are provided separately.
 SummarisedCueSheetA CueSheet in which all MusicalWorks or other Creation, with common interested parties, RightShares and UseTypes have been combined.
 SurrogateCueSheetA CueSheet that is authorized to be used in place of the actual CueSheet.
CueUseTypeA Type of use of a Cue.
 AudioLogoMusic which is used as an audible logo within the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 BackgroundMusic which is dubbed in for effect. It is not heard by the actors or performers in an audio-visual Creation.
 BumperA Creation used during the transition from a containing Resource, Collection or Release to a different program, including Advertisements.
 EssentialPartAn essential Part of a Resource, e.g. a Creation that is an essential part of a scene in the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 FilmThemeA Theme for a motion picture.
 IndistinguishableBackgroundMusic which is used as background in the containing Resource, Collection or Release and it is not or just barely audible to the audience.
 OnScreenMusicMusic which is used in an on-screen Performance.
 RolledUpCueA Cue in which the information about authorship and ownership is the same, but the individual constituent cue titles are not the same.
 ThemeA piece of music associated by design and often by the public, to a containing Resource, Collection or Release, often written specifically for that Resource, Collection or Release. 
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
CurrencyCodeA code representing a Currency.
 AEDUAE Dirham.
 AFNAfghani.
 ALLLek.
 AMDArmenian Dram.
 ANGNetherlands Antillian Guilder.
 AOAKwanza.
 ARSArgentine Peso.
 AUDAustralian Dollar.
 AWGAruban Guilder.
 AZNAzerbaijanian Manat.
 BAMConvertible Marks.
 BBDBarbados Dollar.
 BDTTaka.
 BGNBulgarian Lev.
 BHDBahraini Dinar.
 BIFBurundi Franc.
 BMDBermudian Dollar.
 BNDBrunei Dollar.
 BOBBoliviano.
 BOVMvdol.
 BRLBrazilian Real.
 BSDBahamian Dollar.
 BTNNgultrum.
 BWPPula.
 BYRBelarussian Ruble.
 BZDBelize Dollar.
 CADCanadian Dollar.
 CDFCongolese Franc.
 CHFSwiss Franc.
 CLFUnidades de fomento.
 CLPChilean Peso.
 CNYYuan Renminbi.
 COPColombian Peso.
 COUUnidad de Valor Real.
 CRCCosta Rican Colón.
 CUCPeso Convertible.
 CUPCuban Peso.
 CVECape Verde Escudo.
 CZKCzech Koruna.
 DJFDjibouti Franc.
 DKKDanish Krone.
 DOPDominican Peso.
 DZDAlgerian Dinar.
 EGPEgyptian Pound.
 ERNNakfa.
 ETBEthiopian Birr.
 EUREuro.
 FJDFiji Dollar.
 FKPFalkland Islands Pound.
 GBPPound Sterling.
 GELLari.
 GHSCedi.
 GIPGibraltar Pound.
 GMDDalasi.
 GNFGuinea Franc.
 GTQQuetzal.
 GYDGuyana Dollar.
 HKDHong Kong Dollar.
 HNLLempira.
 HRKCroatian Kuna.
 HTGGourde.
 HUFForint.
 IDRRupiah.
 ILSNew Israeli Sheqel.
 INRIndian Rupee.
 IQDIraqi Dinar.
 IRRIranian Rial.
 ISKIceland Króna.
 JMDJamaican Dollar.
 JODJordanian Dinar.
 JPYYen.
 KESKenyan Shilling.
 KGSSom.
 KHRRiel.
 KMFComoro Franc.
 KPWNorth Korean Won.
 KRWWon.
 KWDKuwaiti Dinar.
 KYDCayman Islands Dollar.
 KZTTenge.
 LAKKip.
 LBPLebanese Pound.
 LKRSri Lanka Rupee.
 LRDLiberian Dollar.
 LSLLoti.
 LTLLithuanian Litas.
 LVLLatvian Lats.
 LYDLibyan Dinar.
 MADMoroccan Dirham.
 MDLMoldovan Leu.
 MGAMalagasy Ariary.
 MKDDenar.
 MMKKyat.
 MNTTugrik.
 MOPPataca.
 MROOuguiya.
 MURMauritius Rupee.
 MVRRufiyaa.
 MWKKwacha.
 MXNMexican Peso.
 MXVMexican Unidad de Inversion.
 MYRMalaysian Ringgit.
 MZMMetical.
 NADNamibia Dollar.
 NGNNaira.
 NIOCórdoba Oro.
 NOKNorwegian Krone.
 NPRNepalese Rupee.
 NZDNew Zealand Dollar.
 OMRRial Omani.
 PABBalboa.
 PENNuevo Sol.
 PGKKina.
 PHPPhilippine Peso.
 PKRPakistan Rupee.
 PLNZloty.
 PYGGuarani.
 QARQatari Rial.
 RONNew Leu.
 RSDSerbian Dinar.
 RUBRussian Ruble.
 RWFRwanda Franc.
 SARSaudi Riyal.
 SBDSolomon Islands Dollar.
 SCRSeychelles Rupee.
 SDGSudanese Pound.
 SEKSwedish Krona.
 SGDSingapore Dollar.
 SHPSaint Helena Pound.
 SLLLeone.
 SOSSomali Shilling.
 SRDSuriname Dollar.
 STDDobra.
 SVCEl Salvador Colón.
 SYPSyrian Pound.
 SZLLilangeni.
 THBBaht.
 TJSSomoni.
 TMTManat.
 TNDTunisian Dinar.
 TOPPa'anga.
 TRYTurkish Lira.
 TTDTrinidad and Tobago Dollar.
 TWDNew Taiwan Dollar.
 TZSTanzanian Shilling.
 UAHHryvnia.
 UGXUganda Shilling.
 USDUS Dollar.
 UYIUruguay Peso en Unidades Indexadas.
 UYUPeso Uruguayo.
 UZSUzbekistan Sum.
 VEFBolivar Fuerte.
 VNDDong.
 VUVVatu.
 WSTTala.
 XAFCFA Franc BEAC.
 XCDEast Caribbean Dollar.
 XOFCFA Franc BCEAO.
 XPFCFP Franc.
 YERYemeni Rial.
 ZARRand.
 ZMKZambian Kwacha.
 ZWLZimbabwe Dollar.
 CYPCyprus Pound (deprecated).
 EEKKroon (deprecated).
 MTLMaltese Lira (deprecated).
 ROLOld Leu (deprecated).
 SITTolar (deprecated).
 SKKSlovak Koruna (deprecated).
CurrentTerritoryCodeA code representing a Territory. This includes ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes, CISAC TIS codes, plus a code for Worldwide.
 ADAndorra (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AEThe United Arab Emirates (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AFAfghanistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AGAntigua and Barbuda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AIAnguilla (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ALAlbania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AMArmenia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ANNetherlands Antilles (Source:ISO 3166-1). This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 AOAngola (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AQAntarctica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ARArgentina (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ASAmerican Samoa (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ATAustria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AUAustralia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AWAruba (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AXÃ…land Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 AZAzerbaijan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BABosnia and Herzegovina (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BBBarbados (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BDBangladesh (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BEBelgium (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BFBurkina Faso (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BGBulgaria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BHBahrain (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BIBurundi (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BJBenin (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BLSaint Barthélemy (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BMBermuda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BNBrunei (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BOBolivia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BQBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BRBrazil (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BSThe Bahamas (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BTBhutan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BVBouvet Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BWBotswana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BYBelarus (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 BZBelize (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CACanada (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CCCocos Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CDThe Democratic Republic of the Congo (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CFThe Central African Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CGThe Congo (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CHSwitzerland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CICôte d'Ivoire (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CKCook Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CLChile (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CMCameroon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CNChina (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 COColombia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CRCosta Rica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CSCzechslovakia (until 1993) or Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006) (Source:ISO 3166-1). This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 CUCuba (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CVCape Verde (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CWCuraçao (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CXChristmas Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CYCyprus (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 CZThe Czech Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DEGermany (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DJDjibouti (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DKDenmark (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DMDominica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DOThe Dominican Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 DZAlgeria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ECEcuador (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EEEstonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EGEgypt (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EHWestern Sahara (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 EREritrea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ESSpain (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ETEthiopia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FIFinland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FJFiji (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FKFalkland Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FMMicronesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FOFaroe Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 FRFrance (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GAGabon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GBThe United Kingdom (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GDGrenada (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GEGeorgia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GFFrench Guiana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GGGuernsey (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GHGhana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GIGibraltar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GLGreenland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GMThe Gambia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GNGuinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GPGuadeloupe (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GQEquatorial Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GRGreece (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GSSouth Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GTGuatemala (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GUGuam (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GWGuinea-Bissau (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 GYGuyana (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HKHong Kong (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HMHeard Island and McDonald Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HNHonduras (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HRCroatia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HTHaiti (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 HUHungary (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IDIndonesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IEIreland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ILIsrael (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IMIsle of Man (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 INIndia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IOThe British Indian Ocean Territory (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IQIraq (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 IRIran (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ISIceland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ITItaly (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JEJersey (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JMJamaica (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JOJordan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 JPJapan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KEKenya (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KGKyrgyzstan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KHCambodia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KIKiribati (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KMThe Comoros (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KNSaint Kitts and Nevis (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KPThe Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KRThe Republic of Korea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KWKuwait (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KYCayman Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 KZKazakhstan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LALaos (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LBLebanon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LCSaint Lucia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LILiechtenstein (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LKSri Lanka (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LRLiberia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LSLesotho (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LTLithuania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LULuxembourg (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LVLatvia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 LYLibya (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MAMorocco (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MCMonaco (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MDMoldova (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MEMontenegro (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MFSaint Martin (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MGMadagascar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MHThe Marshall Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MKMacedonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MLMali (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MMMyanmar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MNMongolia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MOMacao (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MPNorthern Mariana Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MQMartinique (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MRMauritania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MSMontserrat (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MTMalta (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MUMauritius (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MVMaldives (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MWMalawi (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MXMexico (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MYMalaysia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 MZMozambique (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NANamibia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NCNew Caledonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NEThe Niger (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NFNorfolk Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NGNigeria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NINicaragua (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NLThe Netherlands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NONorway (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NPNepal (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NRNauru (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NUNiue (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 NZNew Zealand (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 OMOman (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PAPanama (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PEPeru (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PFFrench Polynesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PGPapua New Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PHThe Philippines (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PKPakistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PLPoland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PMSaint Pierre and Miquelon (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PNPitcairn (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PRPuerto Rico (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PSThe Occupied Palestinian Territory (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PTPortugal (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PWPalau (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 PYParaguay (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 QAQatar (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RERéunion (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RORomania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RSSerbia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RURussia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 RWRwanda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SASaudi Arabia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SBSolomon Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SCSeychelles (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SDThe Sudan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SESweden (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SGSingapore (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SHSaint Helena (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SISlovenia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SKSlovakia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SLSierra Leone (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SMSan Marino (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SNSenegal (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SOSomalia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SRSuriname (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SSSouth Soudan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 STSao Tome and Principe (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SVEl Salvador (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SXSint Maarten (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SYSyria (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 SZSwaziland (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TCTurks and Caicos Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TDChad (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TFThe French Southern Territories (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TGTogo (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 THThailand (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TJTajikistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TKTokelau (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TLTimor-Leste (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TMTurkmenistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TNTunisia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TOTonga (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TRTurkey (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TTTrinidad and Tobago (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TVTuvalu (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TWTaiwan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 TZTanzania (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UAUkraine (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UGUganda (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UMUnited States Minor Outlying Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 USThe United States (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UYUruguay (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 UZUzbekistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VAThe Holy See (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VCSaint Vincent and The Grenadines (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VEVenezuela (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VGBritish Virgin Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VIUS Virgin Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VNViet Nam (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 VUVanuatu (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 WFWallis and Futuna (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 WSSamoa (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 YEYemen (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 YTMayotte (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ZASouth Africa (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ZMZambia (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 ZWZimbabwe (Source:ISO 3166-1).
 4Afghanistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 8Albania (Source: TIS Standard).
 12Algeria (Source: TIS Standard).
 20Andorra (Source: TIS Standard).
 24Angola (Source: TIS Standard).
 28Antigua And Barbuda (Source: TIS Standard).
 31Azerbaijan (Source: TIS Standard).
 32Argentina (Source: TIS Standard).
 36Australia (Source: TIS Standard).
 40Austria (Source: TIS Standard).
 44Bahamas (Source: TIS Standard).
 48Bahrain (Source: TIS Standard).
 50Bangladesh (Source: TIS Standard).
 51Armenia (Source: TIS Standard).
 52Barbados (Source: TIS Standard).
 56Belgium (Source: TIS Standard).
 64Bhutan (Source: TIS Standard).
 68Bolivia (Source: TIS Standard).
 70Bosnia And Herzegovina (Source: TIS Standard).
 72Botswana (Source: TIS Standard).
 76Brazil (Source: TIS Standard).
 84Belize (Source: TIS Standard).
 90Solomon Islands (Source: TIS Standard).
 96Brunei Darussalam (Source: TIS Standard).
 100Bulgaria (Source: TIS Standard).
 104Myanmar (Source: TIS Standard).
 108Burundi (Source: TIS Standard).
 112Belarus (Source: TIS Standard).
 116Cambodia (Source: TIS Standard).
 120Cameroon (Source: TIS Standard).
 124Canada (Source: TIS Standard).
 132Cape Verde (Source: TIS Standard).
 140Central African Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 144Sri Lanka (Source: TIS Standard).
 148Chad (Source: TIS Standard).
 152Chile (Source: TIS Standard).
 156China (Source: TIS Standard).
 158Taiwan, Province of China (Source: TIS Standard).
 170Colombia (Source: TIS Standard).
 174Comoros (Source: TIS Standard).
 178Congo (Source: TIS Standard).
 180Congo, The Democratic Republic of The (Source: TIS Standard).
 188Costa Rica (Source: TIS Standard).
 191Croatia (Source: TIS Standard).
 192Cuba (Source: TIS Standard).
 196Cyprus (Source: TIS Standard).
 200Czechoslovakia (Source: TIS Standard).
 203Czech Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 204Benin (Source: TIS Standard).
 208Denmark (Source: TIS Standard).
 212Dominica (Source: TIS Standard).
 214Dominican Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 218Ecuador (Source: TIS Standard).
 222El Salvador (Source: TIS Standard).
 226Equatorial Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).
 230Ethiopia (Source: TIS Standard).
 231Ethiopia (Source: TIS Standard).
 232Eritrea (Source: TIS Standard).
 233Estonia (Source: TIS Standard).
 242Fiji (Source: TIS Standard).
 246Finland (Source: TIS Standard).
 250France (Source: TIS Standard).
 258French Polynesia (Source: TIS Standard).
 262Djibouti (Source: TIS Standard).
 266Gabon (Source: TIS Standard).
 268Georgia (Source: TIS Standard).
 270Gambia (Source: TIS Standard).
 276Germany (after 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 278German Democratic Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 280Germany (before 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 288Ghana (Source: TIS Standard).
 296Kiribati (Source: TIS Standard).
 300Greece (Source: TIS Standard).
 308Grenada (Source: TIS Standard).
 320Guatemala (Source: TIS Standard).
 324Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).
 328Guyana (Source: TIS Standard).
 332Haiti (Source: TIS Standard).
 336Holy See (Vatican City State) (Source: TIS Standard).
 340Honduras (Source: TIS Standard).
 344Hong Kong (Source: TIS Standard).
 348Hungary (Source: TIS Standard).
 352Iceland (Source: TIS Standard).
 356India (Source: TIS Standard).
 360Indonesia (Source: TIS Standard).
 364Iran, Islamic Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 368Iraq (Source: TIS Standard).
 372Ireland (Source: TIS Standard).
 376Israel (Source: TIS Standard).
 380Italy (Source: TIS Standard).
 384Cote D'Ivoire (Source: TIS Standard).
 388Jamaica (Source: TIS Standard).
 392Japan (Source: TIS Standard).
 398Kazakhstan (Source: TIS Standard).
 400Jordan (Source: TIS Standard).
 404Kenya (Source: TIS Standard).
 408Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 410Korea, Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 414Kuwait (Source: TIS Standard).
 417Kyrgyzstan (Source: TIS Standard).
 418Lao People's Democratic Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 422Lebanon (Source: TIS Standard).
 426Lesotho (Source: TIS Standard).
 428Latvia (Source: TIS Standard).
 430Liberia (Source: TIS Standard).
 434Libya (Source: TIS Standard).
 438Liechtenstein (Source: TIS Standard).
 440Lithuania (Source: TIS Standard).
 442Luxembourg (Source: TIS Standard).
 450Madagascar (Source: TIS Standard).
 454Malawi (Source: TIS Standard).
 458Malaysia (Source: TIS Standard).
 462Maldives (Source: TIS Standard).
 466Mali (Source: TIS Standard).
 470Malta (Source: TIS Standard).
 478Mauritania (Source: TIS Standard).
 480Mauritius (Source: TIS Standard).
 484Mexico (Source: TIS Standard).
 492Monaco (Source: TIS Standard).
 496Mongolia (Source: TIS Standard).
 498Moldova, Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 499Montenegro (Source: TIS Standard).
 504Morocco (Source: TIS Standard).
 508Mozambique (Source: TIS Standard).
 512Oman (Source: TIS Standard).
 516Namibia (Source: TIS Standard).
 520Nauru (Source: TIS Standard).
 524Nepal (Source: TIS Standard).
 528Netherlands (Source: TIS Standard).
 540New Caledonia (Source: TIS Standard).
 548Vanuatu (Source: TIS Standard).
 554New Zealand (Source: TIS Standard).
 558Nicaragua (Source: TIS Standard).
 562Niger (Source: TIS Standard).
 566Nigeria (Source: TIS Standard).
 578Norway (Source: TIS Standard).
 583Micronesia, Federated States of (Source: TIS Standard).
 584Marshall Islands (Source: TIS Standard).
 585Palau (Source: TIS Standard).
 586Pakistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 591Panama (Source: TIS Standard).
 598Papua New Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).
 600Paraguay (Source: TIS Standard).
 604Peru (Source: TIS Standard).
 608Philippines (Source: TIS Standard).
 616Poland (Source: TIS Standard).
 620Portugal (Source: TIS Standard).
 624Guinea-Bissau (Source: TIS Standard).
 626Timor-Leste (Source: TIS Standard).
 630Puerto Rico (Source: TIS Standard).
 634Qatar (Source: TIS Standard).
 642Romania (Source: TIS Standard).
 643Russian Federation (Source: TIS Standard).
 646Rwanda (Source: TIS Standard).
 659Saint Kitts And Nevis (Source: TIS Standard).
 662Saint Lucia (Source: TIS Standard).
 670Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (Source: TIS Standard).
 674San Marino (Source: TIS Standard).
 678Sao Tome And Principe (Source: TIS Standard).
 682Saudi Arabia (Source: TIS Standard).
 686Senegal (Source: TIS Standard).
 688Serbia (Source: TIS Standard).
 690Seychelles (Source: TIS Standard).
 694Sierra Leone (Source: TIS Standard).
 702Singapore (Source: TIS Standard).
 703Slovakia (Source: TIS Standard).
 704Viet Nam (Source: TIS Standard).
 705Slovenia (Source: TIS Standard).
 706Somalia (Source: TIS Standard).
 710South Africa (Source: TIS Standard).
 716Zimbabwe (Source: TIS Standard).
 720Yemen, Democratic (Source: TIS Standard).
 724Spain (Source: TIS Standard).
 728South Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).
 729Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).
 732Western Sahara (Source: TIS Standard).
 736Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).
 740Suriname (Source: TIS Standard).
 748Swaziland (Source: TIS Standard).
 752Sweden (Source: TIS Standard).
 756Switzerland (Source: TIS Standard).
 760Syrian Arab Republic (Source: TIS Standard).
 762Tajikistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 764Thailand (Source: TIS Standard).
 768Togo (Source: TIS Standard).
 776Tonga (Source: TIS Standard).
 780Trinidad And Tobago (Source: TIS Standard).
 784United Arab Emirates (Source: TIS Standard).
 788Tunisia (Source: TIS Standard).
 792Turkey (Source: TIS Standard).
 795Turkmenistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 798Tuvalu (Source: TIS Standard).
 800Uganda (Source: TIS Standard).
 804Ukraine (Source: TIS Standard).
 807Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 810USSR (Source: TIS Standard).
 818Egypt (Source: TIS Standard).
 826United Kingdom (Source: TIS Standard).
 834Tanzania, United Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).
 840United States (Source: TIS Standard).
 854Burkina Faso (Source: TIS Standard).
 858Uruguay (Source: TIS Standard).
 860Uzbekistan (Source: TIS Standard).
 862Venezuela (Source: TIS Standard).
 882Samoa (Source: TIS Standard).
 886Yemen (before 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 887Yemen (after 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).
 890Yugoslavia (Source: TIS Standard).
 891Serbia And Montenegro (Source: TIS Standard).
 894Zambia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2100Africa (Source: TIS Standard).
 2101America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2102American Continent (Source: TIS Standard).
 2103Antilles (Source: TIS Standard).
 2104Apec Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2105Asean Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2106Asia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2107Australasia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2108Balkans (Source: TIS Standard).
 2109Baltic States (Source: TIS Standard).
 2110Benelux (Source: TIS Standard).
 2111British Isles (Source: TIS Standard).
 2112British West Indies (Source: TIS Standard).
 2113Central America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2114Commonwealth (Source: TIS Standard).
 2115Commonwealth African Territories (Source: TIS Standard).
 2116Commonwealth Asian Territories (Source: TIS Standard).
 2117Commonwealth Australasian Territories (Source: TIS Standard).
 2118Commonwealth of Independent States (Source: TIS Standard).
 2119Eastern Europe (Source: TIS Standard).
 2120Europe (Source: TIS Standard).
 2121European Economic Area (Source: TIS Standard).
 2122European Continent (Source: TIS Standard).
 2123European Union (Source: TIS Standard).
 2124GSA Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2125Middle East (Source: TIS Standard).
 2126Nafta Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2127Nordic Countries (Source: TIS Standard).
 2128North Africa (Source: TIS Standard).
 2129North America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2130Oceania (Source: TIS Standard).
 2131Scandinavia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2132South America (Source: TIS Standard).
 2133South East Asia (Source: TIS Standard).
 2134West Indies (Source: TIS Standard).
 2136World (Source: TIS Standard).
 WorldwideAn Identifier which identifies all Territories in the world.
DistributionChannelTypeA Type of DistributionChannel used to disseminate a Service or Release to a Consumer.
 AsPerContractA Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.
 BroadcastTo Deliver a Resource using radio waves on the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This is deprecated as an allowed value for UseType. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 CableA DistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted via a cable network as used by, e.g., Cable TV providers.
 InternetA DistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted  via the Internet.
 InternetAndMobileA DistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted via either Internet or MobileTelephone. This is often referred to as dual delivery.
 IPTVA DistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted via Internet Protocol Television networks.
 MobileTelephoneA wireless DistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted via mobile telephony networks, including 1G, 2G, 2.5G and 3G networks.
 NarrowcastTo Deliver a Resource to a specific list of recipients, by terrestrial or satellite transmission. This is deprecated as an allowed value for UseType. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 OnDemandStreamTo Stream a Release with full interactivity.
 PeerToPeerA DistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted via computer networks that rely primarily on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating on a relatively low number of servers.
 PhysicalDistribution of Releases via physical Carriers, such as CDs. 
 SatelliteDistributionChannel in which Releases are transmitted via Satellites.
 SimulcastTo Stream simultaneously over two or more different media systems or channels. This is deprecated as an allowed value for UseType. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 WebcastTo Deliver a Resource over the Internet using streaming technology. This is deprecated as an allowed value for UseType. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
DrmEnforcementTypeA Type of DRM enforcement.
 DrmEnforcedA DrmEnforcementType of a Creation which is protected by DRM.
 NotDrmEnforcedA DrmEnforcementType of a Creation which is not protected by DRM.
DrmPlatformTypeA Type of DrmPlatform.
 3Day3-Day or 3-Play DRM system developed by Microsoft for its Zune.
 FairplayA DRM system developed by Apple Inc for its iTunes Music Store.
 OMAA DRM system standardized by the Open Mobile Alliance.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 WindowsMediaDRMA DRM system developed by Microsoft Corp.
ExpressionTypeA Type of expression indicating how it should be perceived.
 InformativeAn ExpressionType according to which the expression is informative.
 InstructiveAn ExpressionType according to which the expression is instructive.
ExternallyLinkedResourceTypeA Type of Resource pointed to by an ExternalLink.
 AdditionalMetadataA Resource which provides to the MessageRecipient additional data not provided in the DdexMessage.
 LogoAn Image representing a Brand or Organization.
 PromotionalImageAn Image used for marketing a Release, Resource or associated Party.
 PromotionalInformationA Resource other than an Image or item used for marketing a Release, Resource or associated Party.
 PromotionalItemA Resource other than an Image or information used for marketing a Release, Resource or associated Party.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
FingerprintAlgorithmTypeA Type of Fingerprint algorithm.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
GoverningAgreementTypeA Type of governing agreement.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
HashSumAlgorithmTypeA Type of HashSumAlgorithm.
 MD4The MD4 HashSumAlgorithm.
 MD5The MD5 HashSumAlgorithm.
 SHAThe SHA HashSumAlgorithm.
 SHA1The SHA1 HashSumAlgorithm.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
ImageCodecTypeA Type of ImageCodec.
 GIFGrafics Interchange Format as specified by W3C.
 JPEGAn ImageCodec defined by the Joint Photographic Expert Group and specified in ISO/IEC 10918.
 JPEG2000An ImageCodec defined by the Joint Photographic Expert Group and specified in ISO/IEC 15444.
 PNGPortable Network Graphics, a bitmapped image format that employs lossless data compression, as specified in ISO/IEC 15948:2003.
 TIFFTagged Image File Format as specified by Adobe.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
ImageTypeA Type of Image.
 BackCoverImageAn Image on the back cover of a Carrier.
 BookletBackImageAn Image on the back of a small book usually in reference to the packaging relating to a physical Creation.
 BookletFrontImageAn Image on the front of a small book usually in reference to the packaging relating to a physical Creation.
 DocumentImageAn Image of written Text.
 FrontCoverImageAn Image on the front cover of a Carrier.
 IconAn Image used in a graphical user interface (e.g., of a computer or mobile phone) to represent a program, hyperlink, Creation or command.
 LogoAn Image representing a Brand or Organization.
 PhotographA still Image recorded by a camera.
 PosterA large-scale Image usually intended for display in a public place.
 TrayImageAn Image located behind the CD when packaged in a jewel case.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VideoScreenCaptureA still Image captured from a Video.
 WallpaperAn Image intended as background on a portable device such as a mobile phone or computer.
IsoLanguageCodeAn ISO639-1 two-letter code representing a Language.
 aaAfar.
 abAbkhazian.
 aeAvestan.
 afAfrikaans.
 akAkan.
 amAmharic.
 anAragonese.
 arArabic.
 asAssamese.
 avAvaric.
 ayAymara.
 azAzerbaijani.
 baBashkir.
 beBelarusian.
 bgBulgarian.
 bhBihari.
 biBislama.
 bmBambara.
 bnBengali.
 boTibetan.
 brBreton.
 bsBosnian.
 caCatalan or Valencian.
 ceChechen.
 chChamorro.
 coCorsican.
 crCree.
 csCzech.
 cuChurch Slavic or Old Slavonic or Church Slavonic or Old Bulgarian or Old Church Slavonic.
 cvChuvash.
 cyWelsh.
 daDanish.
 deGerman.
 dvDivehi or Dhivehi or Maldavian.
 dzDzongkha.
 eeEwe.
 elModern Greek (1453-).
 enEnglish.
 eoEsperanto.
 esSpanish or Castilian.
 etEstonian.
 euBasque.
 faPersian.
 ffFulah.
 fiFinnish.
 fjFijian.
 foFaroese.
 frFrench.
 fyWestern Frisian.
 gaIrish.
 gdGaelic or Scottish Gaelic.
 glGalician.
 gnGuarani.
 guGujarati.
 gvManx.
 haHausa.
 heHebrew.
 hiHindi.
 hoHiri Motu.
 hrCroatian.
 htHaitian or Haitian Creole.
 huHungarian.
 hyArmenian.
 hzHerero.
 iaInterlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association).
 idIndonesian.
 ieInterlingue or Occidental.
 igIgbo.
 iiSichuan Yi or Nuosu.
 ikInupiaq.
 ioIdo.
 isIcelandic.
 itItalian.
 iuInuktitut.
 jaJapanese.
 jvJavanese.
 kaGeorgian.
 kgKongo.
 kiKikuyu or Gikuyu.
 kjKuanyama or Kwanyama.
 kkKazakh.
 klKalaallisut or Greenlandic.
 kmCentral Khmer.
 knKannada.
 koKorean.
 krKanuri.
 ksKashmiri.
 kuKurdish.
 kvKomi.
 kwCornish.
 kyKirghiz or Kyrgyz.
 laLatin.
 lbLuxembourgish or Letzeburgesch.
 lgGanda.
 liLimburgan or Limburger or Limburgish.
 lnLingala.
 loLao.
 ltLithuanian.
 luLuba-Katanga.
 lvLatvian.
 mgMalagasy.
 mhMarshallese.
 miMaori.
 mkMacedonian.
 mlMalayalam.
 mnMongolian.
 moMoldavian. This code has been withdrawn, recommending the code 'ro' also for Moldavian.
 mrMarathi.
 msMalay.
 mtMaltese.
 myBurmese.
 naNauru.
 nbNorwegian BokmÃ¥l
 ndNorth Ndebele.
 neNepali.
 ngNdonga.
 nlDutch or Flemish.
 nnNorwegian Nynorsk.
 noNorwegian.
 nrSouth Ndebele.
 nvNavajo or Navaho.
 nyChichewa or Chewa or Nyanja.
 ocOccitan (post 1500).
 ojOjibwa.
 omOromo.
 orOriya.
 osOssetian or Ossetic.
 paPanjabi or Punjabi.
 piPali.
 plPolish.
 psPushto or Pashto.
 ptPortuguese.
 quQuechua.
 rmRomansh.
 rnRundi.
 roRomanian.
 ruRussian.
 rwKinyarwanda.
 saSanskrit.
 scSardinian.
 sdSindhi.
 seNorthern Sami.
 sgSango.
 siSinhala or Sinhalese.
 skSlovak.
 slSlovenian.
 smSamoan.
 snShona.
 soSomali.
 sqAlbanian.
 srSerbian.
 ssSwati.
 stSouthern Sotho.
 suSundanese.
 svSwedish.
 swSwahili.
 taTamil.
 teTelugu.
 tgTajik.
 thThai.
 tiTigrinya.
 tkTurkmen.
 tlTagalog.
 tnTswana.
 toTonga (Tonga Islands).
 trTurkish.
 tsTsonga.
 ttTatar.
 twTwi.
 tyTahitian.
 ugUighur.
 ukUkrainian.
 urUrdu.
 uzUzbek.
 veVenda.
 viVietnamese.
 voVolapük.
 waWalloon.
 woWolof.
 xhXhosa.
 yiYiddish.
 yoYoruba.
 zaZhuang or Chuang.
 zhChinese.
 zuZulu.
LicenseStatusA legal Status of a License for a Claim.
 ActiveA LicenseStatus of a License which is active.
 PendingA LicenseStatus of a License which is pending.
 RevokedA LicenseStatus of a License which has been revoked.
MembershipTypeA Type of membership.
 NationalMemberA Party which has assigned relevant rights to a claiming society for the Territory of the claiming society.
 RegionalMemberA Party which has assigned relevant rights to a claiming society for several Territories.
 WorldwideMemberA Party which has assigned relevant rights to a claiming society for the world.
MessageControlTypeA Type of Message according to its operational status.
 LiveMessageA Message containing data which is expected to be used for commercial purposes.
 TestMessageA Message containing data which is expected to be used for testing purposes.
MidiTypeA Type of MIDI.
 MonophonicMidiA MIDI using one voice.
 PolyphonicMidiA MIDI using two or more voices.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
MusicalWorkContributorRoleA role played by a Contributor in relation to a MusicalWork.
 AdapterAn Author of adapted Lyrics of a MusicalWork. Note: The adapted Lyrics may or may not result in a new copyright Creation.
 ArrangerA modifier of musical components of a Work. Note: The arranged MusicalWork may or may not result in a new copyright Creation.
 AssociatedPerformerAn Artist commonly associated with a Work as one of its Performers, and whose identity is only used for accurate Work identification.
 AuthorA Creator of written or spoken words which form part of a Resource.
 ComposerA Creator of the musical elements of a MusicalWork. 
 ComposerLyricistA Creator that plays the roles of Composer and Lyricist of a MusicalWork.
 LibrettistA Creator of a libretto.
 LyricistA Creator of the Lyrics of a MusicalWork.
 NonLyricAuthorA Creator of written or spoken words other than Lyrics. 
 SubArrangerA Creator of arrangements made on behalf of a SubPublisher.
 SubLyricistA Creator who substitutes or modifies the existing Lyrics of a MusicalWork.
 TranslatorA Party that translates Lyrics and/or Text from one Language into another. This is also known as sub-Lyricist.
 ContributorA Party contributing to the making of a Creation.
 MusicPublisherA Party which has acquired Rights in one or more MusicalWorks for a specified Territory and Period. Note: A MusicPublisher typically administers and promotes the exploitation of the acquired Works. This term includes OriginalPublisher and SubPublisher. 
 OriginalPublisherA Party which has acquired, from a Creator, Rights in a Creation for a specified Territory and Period.
 SubPublisherA Party which has acquired, by Agreement with a MusicPublisher, Rights in one or more MusicalWorks for a specified Territory and Period. Note: This includes Rights which are passed to subsidiaries or affiliates of a larger Organization.
 SubstitutedPublisherA Party acting on behalf of a MusicPublisher or other controller of Rights in a MusicalWork.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
MusicalWorkRightsClaimTypeA Type of RightsClaim related to a MusicalWork.
 CopyrightControlA RightsClaim for a Work that is believed to be copyright, but its ownership is uncertain.
 NonMemberClaimA RightsClaim in which a society makes no claim of ownership of control, because the controller of the RightShare in question is not represented by the society or any of its affiliated societies.
 PublicDomainOwnership or control by no specific Party. No RightsClaim can be made on Rights in a Creation which are in the public domain.
 SocietyClaimA RightsClaim made by a society on behalf of one or more of its members and/or affiliated societies.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
MusicalWorkTypeA Type of MusicalWork.
 AdaptedInOriginalLanguageA MusicalWork with its Lyrics modified but which remain in the original Language.
 AdaptedInstrumentalWorkA MusicalWork based on a pre-existing instrumental MusicalWork to which Lyrics have been added.
 AdaptedWithNewLyricsA MusicalWork in which new Lyrics are added to existing Lyrics.
 ArrangedWithNewMusicA MusicalWork to which new music is added to existing music.
 CompositeMusicalWorkA MusicalWork made up of two or more MusicalWorks (in whole or in part).
 DramaticoMusicalWorkA MusicalWork composed of sounds with Lyrics and/or text to be performed by instruments and the human voice and to be performed in a dramatic context. Examples: opera, musical, play with music, revue or ballet.
 LyricRemovalA MusicalWork in which Lyrics are removed to leave an instrumental Work.
 LyricReplacementA MusicalWork in which Lyrics are completely replaced by new Lyrics.
 LyricTranslationA MusicalWork in which the original Lyrics are translated into another Language.
 MashupA MusicalWork whose expression is an overlaying of existing MusicalWorks or excerpts from MusicalWorks. Note: A Mashup typically results in the creation of a new piece of intellectual property.
 MedleyA MusicalWork whose expression is a combination of continuous and sequential existing MusicalWorks or excerpts from MusicalWorks. Note: A Medley does not normally result in the creation of a new copyright Work.
 MultimediaProductionWorkA Work originally composed for use within a multimedia production not intended for broadcast. Examples: CDI, CD-ROM.
 MusicalWorkMovementA self-contained Part of a MusicalWork. While individual or selected movements from a MusicalWork are sometimes performed separately, a Performance of the complete MusicalWork requires all  movements to be performed in succession.
 MusicalWorkWithSamplesA MusicalWork which contains new material and one or more excerpts of other MusicalWorks. The creation process for such MusicalWorks usually involves sampling the excerpts of the MusicalWorks from other SoundRecordings of those MusicalWorks.
 MusicArrangementA MusicalWork (with or without Lyrics) in which musical elements have been taken from one or more other MusicalWork(s) and modified.
 MusicArrangementOfTextA MusicalWork in which music is added to a pre-existing Text. Example: The song Auld Lang Syne composed to an earlier poem of the same name.
 OriginalLyricsArrangementA MusicalWork based on another MusicalWork, in which the Lyrics are in their original form.
 OriginalMusicAdaptationA MusicalWork based on another MusicalWork, in which the musical elements are in their original form.
 OriginalMusicalWorkA first, independently created MusicalWork.
 PotpourriA MusicalWork whose expression is a combination of existing MusicalWorks or excerpts from MusicalWorks to which typically, additional original material has been added. Example: material may be added to provide musical links joining or combining the existing MusicalWorks. Note: A Potpourri typically results in the creation of a new piece of intellectual property and is sometimes known as Mashup.
 ProductionMusicLibraryWorkA Work recorded for use primarily in audio-visual productions or broadcasts.
 RadioProductionWorkA Work specifically created for use in an AM/FM radio production.
 TheaterProductionWorkA Work specifically created for use in a theatrical production.
 TvProductionWorkA Work specifically created for use in a traditional television production.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UnspecifiedArrangementA MusicalWork which has been modified but where no specific arrangement Type is known.
 UnspecifiedMusicalWorkExcerptAn excerpt from a MusicalWork, where the specifics of the excerpt are not known.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VideoProductionWorkA Work specifically created for use in a video production. Examples: self-help videos, educational videos, ...  
OperatingSystemTypeA Type of OperatingSystem.
 MacOSAn OperatingSystem developed by Apple Inc.
 MsWindowsAn OperatingSystem developed by Microsoft Corp.
 SymbianAn OperatingSystem developed by Symbian Ltd.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
PLineTypeA Type of PLine.
 OriginalPLineA (P) RightsNotice for an original Creation.
 RemasteringPLineA (P) RightsNotice for a remastered Creation.
ParentalWarningTypeA Type of Creation according to advice which it carries about the level of explicitness or offensiveness of its content.
 ExplicitA ParentalWarningType of a Creation which contains sexual, violent or other explicit material.
 ExplicitContentEditedA ParentalWarningType of a Creation in which sexual or other explicit material has been edited.
 NoAdviceAvailableA ParentalWarningType of a Creation for which no advice about sexual or other explicit content is available.
 NotExplicitA ParentalWarningType of a Creation which contains no sexual, violent or other explicit material.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
PriceInformationTypeA Type of Price for which information is provided.
 StandardRetailPriceA regular RetailPrice.
 PreOrderPriceA Price to be paid during a pre-order period.
PriceRangeTypeA Type of Price according to its value range.
PriceTypeA Type of Price.
Purpose A Type of use that is the purpose of an action.
 BackgroundMusicA MusicalWorkSoundRecording used as background.
 ChannelTrailerMusicA MusicalWorkSoundRecording used as a channel trailer.
 ExtractA Fragment of a Resource.
 FilmTrailerMusicA MusicalWorkSoundRecording used as a film trailer.
 ForegroundMusicA MusicalWorkSoundRecording used as foreground.
 TrailerMusicA MusicalWorkSoundRecording used as a trailer.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
RatingAgencyAn Organization that issues ParentalWarnings.
 AFRAlberta Film Ratings of Canada.
 BBFCThe British Board of Film Classification of the United Kingdom.
 BFCOThe British Columbia Film Classification Office of Canada.
 BFSCThe Board of Film and Stage Cassification of Malta.
 BMUKKThe Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultur of Austria.
 CBFCThe Central Board of Film certification of India.
 CCCThe Consejo de Calificación Cinematográfica of Chile.
 CCEThe Comissão de Classificação de Espectáculos of Portugal.
 CHVRSThe Canadian Home Video Rating System of Canada.
 CNCThe Commission de Classification of the CNC of France.
 DJCTQThe Departamento de Justiça, Classificação, Títulos e Qualificação of Brazil.
 EirinEirin of Japan.
 FCBThe Film Censorship Board of Malaysia.
 FilmtilsynetFilmtilsynet of Norway.
 FPBThe Film and Publication Board of South Africa.
 FSKThe Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Filmwirtschaft of Germany.
 IFCOThe Irish Film Classification Office of Ireland.
 INCAAThe Instituto de Cine y Artes Audiovisuales of Argentinia.
 KMRBThe Korea Media Rating Board of the Republic of Korea.
 KRThe Kvikmyndaeftirlit Ríkisins of Iceland.
 KRRITThe Krajowa Rada Radiofonii i Telewizj of Poland.
 LSFThe Lembaga Sensor Film of Indonesia.
 MBUThe MedierÃ¥det for Børn og Unge of Denmark.
 MDAThe Media Development Authority of Singapore.
 MDCBThe rating scheme used in Bulgaria.
 MFCBThe Manitoba Film Classification Board of Canada.
 MICThe Ministry of Information and Culture of the UAE.
 MPAAThe Motion Pictura Association of America of the USA.
 MTRCBThe Movie and Television Review and Classification Board of the Philippines.
 NBCThe National Bureau of Classification of the Maldives.
 NFVCBThe National Film and Video Censors Board of Nigeria.
 NICAMThe Kijkwijzer system executed by the NICAM of The Netherlands.
 NKCThe Nacionālais Kino Centrs of Latvia.
 OFLCThe Office of Film and Literature Classification of Australia.
 OFLC-NZThe Office of Film and Literature Classification of New Zealand.
 OFRBThe Ontario Film Review Board of Canada.
 RDCQThe Régie du cinéma du Québec of Canada.
 RTCThe Dirección General de Radio, Televisión y Cinematografía of Mexico.
 SBBThe Statens biografbyrÃ¥ of Sweden.
 SmaisSmáís of Iceland.
 SPIO-JKThe Spitzenorganisation der Filmwirtschaft of Germany.
 TELAThe Television and Entertainment Licensing Authority of Hong-Kong.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VETThe Valtion elokuvatarkastamo of Finnland.
ReasonTypeA Type of reason.
 ChartReportingReporting of SalesTransactions for the purpose of compiling charts.
 RoyaltyReportingReporting of SalesTransactions for the purpose of calculate royalties for them.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
RelationalRelatorA Relator between two Entities expressing a measurable relationship.
 EqualToThe Relator between an Entity and another to which it is exactly equivalent.
 LessThanThe Relator between a quantity and another which is larger.
 LessThanOrEqualToThe Relator between a quantity and another which is larger than or equal to it.
 MoreThanThe Relator between a quantity and another which is smaller.
 MoreThanOrEqualToThe Relator between a quantity and another which is smaller than or equal to it.
 NotEqualToThe Relator between an Entity and another to which it is not equivalent.
ReleaseRelationshipTypeA Type of relationship between two Releases.
 HasArtistFromEnsembleA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release where the related Release is by an Ensemble that contains the Artist of the present Release.
 HasArtistFromSameEnsembleA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release which is by an Artist of the same Ensemble as the Artist of another Release.
 HasEnsembleWithArtistA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release where the related Release is by an Artist who is part of the Ensemble that created the present Release.
 HasSameArtistA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release which is by the same Artist as another Release.
 HasSameRecordingProjectA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release which is from the same recording project as another Release.
 HasSimilarContentA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release which is largely equivalent to one or more other Releases which may have a different ResourceType (e.g. a video Release corresponding to an AudioRelease).
 IsDigitalEquivalentToPhysicalA ReleaseRelationshipType of a digital Release that is equivalent to a PhysicalProduct (i.e. it is materially the same, where any difference is not material for marketing a Release to the Consumer or for reporting).
 IsEquivalentToAudioA ReleaseRelationshipType of a video Release that is equivalent to an AudioRelease (i.e. it is materially the same, where any difference is not material for marketing a Release to the Consumer or for reporting).
 IsEquivalentToVideoA ReleaseRelationshipType of an AudioRelease that is equivalent to a video Release (i.e. it is materially the same, where any difference is not material for marketing a Release to the Consumer or for reporting).
 IsExtendedFromAlbumA ReleaseRelationshipType of an Album that is a different version of another Album and that has additional Resources.
 IsFromAudioA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release that has been taken from a different AudioRelease.
 IsFromVideoA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release that has been taken from a different video Release.
 IsParentReleaseA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release that has been used for another Release.
 IsPhysicalEquivalentToDigitalA ReleaseRelationshipType of a PhysicalProduct that is equivalent to a digital Release (i.e. it is materially the same, where any difference is not material for marketing a Release to the Consumer or for reporting).
 IsReleaseFromReleaseA ReleaseRelationshipType of a Release that has been taken from a different Release.
 IsShortenedFromAlbumA ReleaseRelationshipType of an Album that is a different version of another Album, but has less Resources.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
ReleaseResourceTypeA Type of Resource in the context of a Release.
 PrimaryResourceA Resource that is a main Resource of a Release.
 SecondaryResourceA Resource that is not a main Resource of a Release. It supports the PrimaryResources (examples are lyrics, cover art etc). In accordance with the GRid standard, a change in a PrimaryResource mandates a new GRid wheras a change in a SecondaryResource does not mandate a new GRid.
ReleaseTypeA Type of Release according to its content, Duration and/or number of components. Note: a ReleaseType is the form in which a ReleaseCreator anticipates offering a Release to Consumers.
 AdvertisementVideoA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 AlbumA Release that is a digital equivalent of a physical SoundCarrier of an extended Duration, typically containing multiple Tracks of SoundRecordings. It may also contain bonus Resources.
 AlertToneReleaseA Release containing a Resource for use as an AlertTone primarily on MobileTelephones.
 AnimationAn audio-visual Recording using a rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.
 AsPerContractA Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.
 AudioBookReleaseA Release containing, chiefly, one or more Recordings of the reading of a book or manuscript.
 AudioClipReleaseA Release predominantly containing excerpts from SoundRecordings.
 BackCoverImageReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a back cover image.
 BookletBackImageReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a back image of a booklet.
 BookletFrontImageReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a front image of a booklet.
 BookletReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a booklet.
 BundleA set comprising more than one Resource of different ResourceTypes compiled for release. Bundles are typically used in electronic distribution. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 ClassicalAlbumAn Album that contains one or more SoundRecordings based on classical MusicalWorks, i.e. MusicalWorks that typically shows a hierarchy of components such as a concerto with multiple movements.
 ConcertVideoA Video recording of a live Performance, usually of music, before an audience. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 CorporateFilmAn audio-visual Recording made for use within a corporate entity. Examples include company-internal training videos.
 DigitalBoxSetReleaseA Release consisting of a media bundle assembled out of other existing Albums. It may contain a mixture of both audio and video Albums, as well as bonus material. The bundled Albums become components
within the digital boxed sets resource group structure. 
 DocumentaryAn audio-visual Recording that presents a social, political, scientific or historical subject. Documentaries include current affairs programmes, TV magazines, biographies and 'making of' programs.
 DocumentImageReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a document.
 EBookReleaseA Release typically for use as an EBook.
 EpisodeA Part of a Series made available at a specific point in time. It may be that a Season or Series is not yet complete when an Episode is made available. Episodes include 'pilots'.
 FeatureFilmAn audio-visual Recording made for initial distribution in cinemas, where it would be the 'main attraction' of the screening, or prime-time television.
 FilmBundleA Bundle whose core Resources are Videos, but that may also contain Resources of different ResourceTypes. FilmBundles are typically used in electronic distribution.
 FrontCoverImageReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a front cover image.
 IconReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource, that is typically used as pictogram in graphical user interfaces, to represent the Release or a Resource or Party related to the Release, and which can be selected to perform a function.
 InfomercialVideoA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 InteractiveBookletReleaseA Release typically for use as an InteractiveBooklet.
 KaraokeReleaseA Release typically for use in Karaoke applications.
 LiveEventVideoAn audio-visual Recording capturing an Event such as a sporting event, theatrical performances, etc. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 LogoReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource, that is typically used as a logo to represent parties associated with the Release.
 LongFormMusicalWorkVideoReleaseA Release containing typically one or more LongFormMusicalWorkVideo Resources.
 LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideoReleaseA Release containing typically one or more LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideo Resources.
 LyricSheetReleaseA Release containing typically one or more lyric sheet Resources.
 MultimediaAlbumA multimedia Release typically containing multiple  Resources of different ResourceTypes. It may also contain bonus Resources.
 MultimediaSingleA multimedia Release with a short total Duration, typically containing two Resources of different ResourceTypes.
 MusicalWorkBasedGameReleaseA Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkBasedGame Resources.
 MusicalWorkClipReleaseA Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkClip Resources.
 MusicalWorkReadalongVideoReleaseA Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkReadalongVideo Resources.
 MusicalWorkTrailerReleaseA Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkTrailer Resources.
 MusicalWorkVideoChapterReleaseA Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkVideoChapter Resources.
 NewsAn audio-visual Recording, usually regularly scheduled, which reports current events.
 NonMusicalWorkBasedGameReleaseA Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkBasedGame Resources.
 NonMusicalWorkClipReleaseA Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkClip Resources.
 NonMusicalWorkReadalongVideoReleaseA Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkReadalongVideo Resources.
 NonMusicalWorkTrailerReleaseA Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkTrailer Resources.
 NonMusicalWorkVideoChapterReleaseA Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkVideoChapter Resources.
 NonSerialAudioVisualRecordingAn audio-visual Recording that is not part of a Series or Season.
 PhotographReleaseA Release containing typically one or more Photograph Image Resources.
 RingbackToneReleaseA Release containing a Resource for use as an RingbackTone primarily on MobileTelephones.
 RingtoneReleaseA Release containing a Resource for use as an Ringtone primarily on MobileTelephones.
 ScreensaverReleaseA Release containing a Resource for use as a Screensaver.
 SeasonA Set of Episodes. Typically, a Season contains all Episodes to be made available in a pre-determined time frame, which often is within a twelve-month period. It may be that a Series is not yet complete when an Season is made available.
 SeriesA Set of Resources (Episodes) designed to be made available sequentially.
 SheetMusicReleaseA Release containing typically one or more Resources representing sheet music.
 ShortFormMusicalWorkVideoReleaseA Release containing typically one or more ShortFormMusicalWorkVideo Resources.
 ShortFormNonMusicalWorkVideoReleaseA Release containing typically one or more ShortFormNonMusicalWorkVideo Resources.
 SingleA Release with a short total Duration, typically containing one or two Tracks of SoundRecordings.
 SingleResourceReleaseA Release containing a single Resource.
 TrackReleaseA Release containing normally one SoundRecording.
 TrailerVideoA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 TrayImageReleaseA Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a TrayImage.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VideoAlbumA Release typically containing multiple Video Tracks. It may also contain bonus Resources.
 VideoChapterReleaseA Release containing typically one or more LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideo Resources.
 VideoClipReleaseA Release predominantly containing excerpts from Videos.
 VideoScreenCaptureReleaseA Release containing typically one or more VideoScreenCapture Image Resources.
 VideoSingleA Release with a short total Duration, typically containing one or two ShortFormVideos.
 VideoTrackReleaseA Release containing normally one Video.
 WallpaperReleaseA Release containing a Resource for use as a Wallpaper.
ResourceContributorRoleA role played by a Contributor in relation to a Fixation of an abstract Creation.
 ActorA Party who performs spoken word or mime.
 ArchitectA Designer of a building.
 ArtistA principal Contributor to a Performance of a MusicalWork or a NonMusicalWork that results in the creation of a Resource. Note: Used for naming groups as well as individuals.
 AssociatedPerformerAn Artist commonly associated with a Work as one of its Performers, and whose identity is only used for accurate Work identification.
 BandA group of individuals who perform vocally and/or instrumentally together.
 BookPublisherA Publisher of books.
 CartoonistA Creator of a cartoon.
 ChoirA group of Parties who perform vocally together. Typically, Choirs consist of at least 2 people in an combination of different vocal ranges.
 ChoreographerA Creator of a dance.
 ComputerGraphicCreatorA Creator of a computer graphics.
 ConductorA Party who leads or conducts a Performance by a group of musicians.
 ContributorA Party contributing to the making of a Creation.
 CostumeDesignerA Designer of a costume.
 DesignerA Creator of a design.
 EncoderA Creator processing and encoding a Resource for distribution.
 EnsembleA group of two or more Parties performing a MusicalWork together. Note: An Ensemble may be of any size or any grouping of Performers from a vocal duo to a full orchestra.
 FeaturedArtistA Party who is not the MainArtist but is acknowledged as a significant Contributor to the Performance. Note: FeaturedArtists are often MainArtists on their own Resources. They are also frequently credited on marketing material using the term 'featuring ...'.
 FilmDirectorA Director of a movie.
 FilmDistributorA Publisher of films.
 FilmEditorA Party who edits an audio-visual production for publishing.
 FilmProducerA Party (individual or company) that is responsible for the financing of an audio-visual production.
 FilmSoundEngineerA Party that is responsible for (part of) the soundtrack used in an audio-visual Resource.
 GraphicArtistA Creator of a drawing.
 GraphicDesignerA Designer of graphical elements.
 JournalistA Creator of an article for a magazine or a newspaper.
 MainArtistA Party who is a principal credited Artist for a Resource. 
 NewspaperPublisherA Publisher of newspapers.
 OrchestraA large group of Parties performing a MusicalWork together, predominantly using musical instruments rather than voice. An Orchestra is typically led by a Conductor.
 PainterA Creator of a painting.
 PeriodicalPublisherA Publisher of periodicals (e.g. magazines, journals).
 PhotographerA Creator of a photograph.
 PhotographyDirectorA Director of responsible for photography.
 PrimaryMusicianA Party who performs a MusicalWork either vocally or instrumentally and would be considered the principal Contributor for the piece.
 ProducerA Party responsible for an artistic input to the production of a Resource (e.g. a SoundRecording or audiovisual Recording).
 ProgrammerA Creator of a computer program.
 RightsControllerOnProductA RightsController as it appears on a product.
 ScreenplayAuthorA Creator of a screenplay.
 SetDesignerA Designer of a setting for a scene.
 SoloistA Party who performs the featured Part of a MusicalWork (or a section of it) alone or with only supporting accompaniment. 
 StageDirectorA Director of a stageplay.
 StudioPersonnelA Party who is employed in a studio and contributes to the making of a Resource.
 SubtitlesEditorA Party that is responsible for the creation of subtitles/captions.
 SubtitlesTranslatorA Translator of SubTitles.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
ResourceOmissionReasonA Type of reason for omitting a Resource.
 PassportServiceReleaseA Release defining a 'passport' service where Resources are added over time.
 PreReleaseA Release made available to a ReleaseDistributor before the official release to Consumers.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VirtualReleaseA Release provided without Resources to a ReleaseDistributor, who then adds Resources.
ResourceTypeA Type of Resource.
 ImageA still visual Recording or illustration of an object. Examples: a Photograph or a GraphicImage.
 MIDIA Set of computer instructions which enables a sound processor to generate sounds (using the Musical Instrument Digital Interface as defined by the MIDI Manufacturers Association (MMA)).
 SheetMusicA hand-written or printed form of musical notation.
 SoftwareA program that enables a Computer to perform a specific task(s).
 SoundRecordingAn audio Recording.
 TextA written Manifestation. Examples: the Lyrics of a MusicalWork or the Text of an interview.
 UserDefinedResourceA Resource which is UserDefined.
 VideoAn audio-visual Recording.
RightsClaimPolicyTypeA Type of rights claim policy.
 ReportUsageA policy where the recipient of the message shall report any use of a Release or Resource that meets the condition to the relevant rights holder(s).
 BlockAccessA policy where the recipient of the message shall block any use of a Release or Resource that meets the condition.
 MonetizeA policy where the recipient of the message may make the Release or Resource that meets the condition available for commercial purposes and shall report revenues to the relevant rights holder(s).
RightsControllerRoleA role of a RightsController.
 AdministratingRecordCompanyA Party responsible for administering Rights in a Resource or Release. Note: This role does not entail any ownership or control of the exploitation of Rights, although the same Party may also be an owner or controller of Rights in that way.
 RightsAdministratorA Party administrating Rights on behalf of one or more RightsControllers.
 RightsControllerA Party who owns and/or controls Rights in a MusicalWork and/or a Resource.
 RoyaltyAdministratorA Party that collects and distributes Royalties on behalf of one or more RightsControllers.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
RightsControllerTypeA Type of a RightsController.
 OriginalOwnerA RightsController who owns and/or controls the original Rights in a MusicalWork and/or a Resource.
 SuccessorInTitleA RightsController who is a successor in title.
 ExclusiveLicenseeAn exclusive Licensee.
RightsCoverageA Type of Right which is covered.
 MakeAvailableRightThe Right to make a Work available to the public.
 MechanicalRightThe Right to record and distribute a Work on a Carrier.
 PerformingRightThe Right to perform a Work. This is, to present a Work by action such as playing, reciting, singing, or projecting to the public in their presence.
 ReproductionRightThe Right to make a physical reproduction of a Work.
 SynchronizationRightThe Right to include and combine a Work either completely or in parts in timed relation with Works of other types for the making of an audio-visual or multimedia Creation or a database.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
Sex The biological sex of a being.
 FemaleA female Sex.
 MaleA male Sex.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
SheetMusicCodecTypeA Type of SheetMusicCodec.
SheetMusicTypeA Type of SheetMusic.
SoftwareTypeA Type of Software.
 InteractiveBookletSoftware providing access, by using technology that provides User interaction, to Resources which add user value to the Release. This is often, but not always, related to the packaging of the PhysicalProduct.
 MusicalWorkBasedGameGame Software, containing sounds which do not embody a MusicalWork.
 NonMusicalWorkBasedGameGame Software, containing sounds which embody a MusicalWork.
 ScreensaverA Software application which is a screensaver for a display (e.g. on a mobile phone) or monitor (e.g. on a PersonalComputer).
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
SoundProcessorTypeA Type of sound processor.
 MidiProcessorA sound processor using the Musical Instrument Digital Interface as defined by the MIDI Manufacturers Association (MMA).
 SMAF-MA2Synthetic-music mobile application format specified by Yamaha for portable electronic devices, Version 2.
 SMAF-MA3Synthetic-music mobile application format specified by Yamaha for portable electronic devices, Version 3.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
SoundRecordingTypeA Type of SoundRecording.
 MusicalWorkReadalongSoundRecordingA SoundRecording to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs, embodying a MusicalWork.
 MusicalWorkSoundRecordingA SoundRecording embodying a MusicalWork.
 NonMusicalWorkReadalongSoundRecordingA SoundRecording to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs, not embodying a MusicalWork.
 NonMusicalWorkSoundRecordingA SoundRecording which does not embody a MusicalWork. Examples: a SoundRecording of an Artist interview or a monologue.
 SpokenWordSoundRecordingA SoundRecording containing spoken words with or without background music.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
TerritoryCodeTypeA Type of code.
 ISOA StandardIdentifier according to ISO 3166-1 Alpha 2 standard (or WorldWide). This is the default value.
 TISA StandardIdentifier according to CISAC's Territory Information System.
TerritoryCodeTypeIncludingDeprecatedCodesA Type of code which also includes deprecated codes.
 DeprecatedISOA StandardIdentifier according to ISO 3166-3 standard. Note: these codes are four-letter codes.
 ISOA StandardIdentifier according to ISO 3166-1 Alpha 2 standard (or WorldWide). This is the default value.
 TISA StandardIdentifier according to CISAC's Territory Information System.
TextCodecTypeA Type of TextCodec.
 ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange as defined in ISO 464.
 HTMLHyperText Markup Language as defined by W3C.
 PDFPortable Document Format as defined by Adobe.
 PostScriptPostscript as defined by Adobe.
 RTFRich Text Format as defined by Microsoft.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
TextTypeA Type of Text.
 EBookA digital equivalent of a conventionally printed book.
 LinerNotesA Text included with a SoundCarrier, in the physical world typically in its sleeve or packaging. Example: a mix of factual, anecdotal and discographic material.
 LyricTextA Text consisting of the words of a MusicalWork.
 NonInteractiveBookletA Text of a small book usually in reference to the packaging relating to a physical Creation which does not use technology that provides User interaction.
 TextDocumentA written Text intended to communicate or store collections of data.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
ThemeTypeA Type of Theme.
 ClosingThemeA Theme used in the final moments of the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 MainThemeA Theme used throughout the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 OpeningThemeA Theme used in the introduction of the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 SegmentThemeA Theme used during a part of the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 TitleThemeA Theme used during the display of title of the containing Resource, Collection or Release.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
TitleTypeA Type of Title which defines its origin, form or the function it fulfils in relation to a Creation. Note: A Title may fulfil more than one role. Example: 'Help' may be both the OriginalTitle and the DisplayTitle for the well-known Beatles song.  
 AbbreviatedDisplayTitleA shortened version of the DisplayTitle which may be used for devices that have limited display capability.
 AlternativeTitleAn alternative to the ReferenceTitle. Example: a song may become well known or 'also known as (a.k.a.)' by its first line or a line from its chorus: 'Don't Stop Me Now' performed by Queen may have an AlternativeTitle 'Having A Good Time' or, 'I will always love you' performed by Whitney Houston may have an AlternativeTitle of 'Theme from Bodyguard'.
 DisplayTitleA Title expressed by the RightsController as to how a Title should be displayed for presentation to the Consumer.
 FirstLineOfTextA Title which consists of the first line of the text of which it is a Title.
 FormalTitleA Title structured according to a naming convention.
 GroupingTitleA Title given to a grouping of Creations. Example: 'Stadium Arcadium' by Red Hot Chilli Peppers is a GroupingTitle for their Product because it contains two Products which are each separately named 'Saturn' and 'Mars'.
 IncorrectTitleA Title by which a Creation is often incorrectly known.
 MisspelledTitleA Title that contains common typographic errors.
 OriginalTitleA Title given to a Creation by its Creator(s), in its original Language. Note: A Creation may be given more than one OriginalTitle. Note: The OriginalTitle of a Creation X may be the ReferenceTitle of a Creation that X is based on. Example: the OriginalTitle of the MusicalWork 'My Way' (written by Paul Anka) is 'Comme d'habitude' (written by Claude François).
 SearchTitleA Title created to aid database searching (for example, where special characters, puns, or slang have been replaced by standardized elements).
 SortingTitleA Title which has been arranged such that it can be used for alphabetic sorting.
 TitleAsPartA Title of a Creation as Part of another Creation.
 TitleWithoutPunctuationA Title from which all initial articles and punctuation have been removed.
 TranslatedTitleA translation into a different Language of the value contained in an OriginalTitle Element. Note: this is not the same as the OriginalTitle of a translation of a Creation, though the two will often be represented by the same text string. Example: the TranslatedTitle of 'Le Nozze di Figaro' is 'The Marriage Of Figaro'. 
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
UnitOfBitRateA UnitOfMeasure for a BitRate.
 bpsBit per second.
 GbpsGBit per second.
 kbpskBit per second.
 MbpsMBit per second.
UnitOfConditionValueA UnitOfMeasure for a condition value.
 MillisecondA millisecond.
 MinuteA minute.
 PercentPercent.
 PixelPixel.
 SecondA second.
UnitOfExtentA UnitOfMeasure for an Extent.
 cmCentimeter.
 InchInch.
 mmMillimeter.
 PercentOfScreenPercent of the screen.
 PixelPixel.
UnitOfFrameRateA UnitOfMeasure for a FrameRate.
 Hz(interlaced)Hertz, interlaced.
 Hz(non-interlaced)Hertz, non-interlaced.
UnitOfFrequencyA UnitOfMeasure for a frequency.
 GHzGHertz.
 HzHertz.
 kHzkHertz.
 MHzMHertz.
UpdateIndicatorA Type of Message according to whether the Message contains original data or updates to previously sent data.
 OriginalMessageA Message which contains data that has not previously been communicated to the MessageRecipient.
 UpdateMessageA Message which contains data that updates data previously communicated to the MessageRecipient.
UseTypeA Type of a nature of a Service, or a Release, as used by a Consumer.
 AsPerContractA Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.
 BroadcastTo Deliver a Resource using radio waves on the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 ConditionalDownloadTo Download under a condition (e.g. tethered to a service or device).
 ContentInfluencedStreamTo Stream where the only interactivity provided allows the Consumer to start, stop, pause, fast forward and rewind the Stream, and where there is limited flexibility to influence the content of the Stream.
 DisplayTo display a Resource on a device where it will disappear when the device is switched off. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 DownloadTo transfer a Release from a Service's Computer to a Consumer's Computer for later consumption. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 KioskDownloadTo Download directly from a Kiosk to a consumer device. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 NarrowcastTo Deliver a Resource to a specific list of recipients, by terrestrial or satellite transmission. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 NonInteractiveStreamTo Stream a Release as part of a scheduled program that has been a-priori arranged. Consumers cannot directly influence the content or order of a NonInteractiveStream. NonInteractiveStreams are often referred to as web casts or pre-programmed Streams.
 OnDemandStreamTo Stream a Release with full interactivity.
 PerformInPublicTo Perform publicly. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 PermanentDownloadTo Download for permanent storage and subsequent consumption by the Consumer.
 PlaybackTo play a Resource in a Release as an analogue signal for listening and/or viewing by an individual or small group.
 PlayInPublicTo play a Resource in a Release publicly. This UseType is typically used when reporting such usages to rights holders.
 PodcastTo Deliver a series of Resources as a download via web syndication.
 PrintTo Copy a Resource on paper or an another permanent Medium where it can be seen. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 PrivateCopyTo Copy a Resource for private use. This UseType is typically used when reporting revenues related to private copying levies.
 PurchaseAsPhysicalProductTo purchase a PhysicalProduct.
 RentTo allow access to a Release for a limited Period of Time.
 SimulcastTo Stream simultaneously over two or more different media systems or channels. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 StreamTo stream a Resource.
 TetheredDownloadTo Download to a tethered download host (a device which must be connected to a DSP's service through a broadband connection whenever a downloaded Resource is played).
 TimeInfluencedStreamTo Stream where the only interactivity provided allows the Consumer to start, stop, pause, fast forward and rewind the Stream.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UseAsAlertToneTo use a Resource in a Release as an alert primarily on a MobileTelephone for an event other than an incoming phone call. Examples: an incoming text message or a new voice mail.
 UseAsDeviceTo Use a Resource in a Release that has been provided to a Consumer as part of a hardware purchase.
 UseAsKaraokeThe use of a Release for a form of entertainment in which an amateur singer or singers sing along with recorded music on microphone.
 UseAsRingbackToneTo Use a Resource in a Release as the audible ringing that is heard primarily on a MobileTelephone by the calling party after dialing and prior to the call being answered at the receiving end.
 UseAsRingbackTuneTo Use a Resource in a Release as ringbacktune.
 UseAsRingtoneTo Use a Resource in a Release as an alert for an incoming phone call primarily on a MobileTelephone.
 UseAsRingtuneTo Use a Resource in a Release as ringtune. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 UseAsScreensaverTo use a Resource in a Release as a screen saver for an idling device.
 UseAsVoiceMailTo Use a Resource as a voice greeting that contains an audio master clip in the background. Such a greeting can be used for outgoing and/or incoming voicemails.
 UseAsWallpaper[missing definition]
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 UserMakeAvailableLabelProvidedA UseType in which Consumers use a Release as part of their own Creation (e.g. a web site) only when the Release is provided by the ReleaseCreator to the service provider (e.g. the web site hosting company) and where the ReleaseCreator has stipulated to the service provider the ways in which the Release may be used by Consumers and these stipulations are conveyed to Consumers.
 UserMakeAvailableUserProvidedA UseType in which Consumers use a Release as part of their own Creation (e.g. a web site) when the Release is not provided by the ReleaseCreator to the service provider (e.g. the web site hosting company) but by the Consumer or by other Consumers making the Release available through the service provider.
 WebcastTo Deliver a Resource over the Internet using streaming technology. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
UserInterfaceTypeA Type of physical interface by which a Consumer uses a Service or Release.
 AsPerContractA Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.
 ConnectedDeviceA device for interacting with Releases that is directly connected to the Internet. This includes set-top boxes.
 GameConsoleAn interactive entertainment Computer or electronic device with the primary function to manipulate the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc.) to display a game.
 JukeboxA device for playing back audio and/or audio-visual Resources in a defined public location on demand by an individual Consumer usually following payment.
 KaraokeMachineA device for Karaoke applications.
 KioskA device in a fixed physical location for vending Resources chosen by an individual Consumer usually upon payment onto a physical Carrier.
 LocalStorageJukeboxA Jukebox where the Releases are stored locally.
 PersonalComputerA small Computer based on a microprocessor. In addition to the microprocessor, a PersonalComputer has a keyboard for entering data, a monitor for displaying information, speakers for producing sound and a storage device for saving data. A PersonalComputer may be a desktop or laptop, and it may run a variety of OperatingSystems.
 PhysicalMediaWriterA device that can be used to transfer Resources to physical media such as CD-ROMs, DVDs or flash memory.
 PortableDeviceA small, portable device with many of the features of a laptop PersonalComputer, which is also or primarily designed for storing, organizing and playing Resources.
 RemoteStorageJukeboxA Jukebox where the Releases are stored remotely and are accessed during play-back.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
VideoCodecTypeA Type of VideoCodec.
 AVCAdvanced Video Coding as specified in ISO/IEC 14496-10.
 H.261A VideoCodec as specified in ITU-T H.261.
 H.263A VideoCodec as specified in ITU-T H.263.
 MPEG-1A VideoCodec defined by the Moving Pictures Expert Group and specified in ISO/IEC 11172-2.
 MPEG-2A VideoCodec defined by the Moving Pictures Expert Group and specified in ISO/IEC 13818-2.
 MPEG-4A VideoCodec defined by the Moving Pictures Expert Group and specified in ISO/IEC 14469-2.
 QuickTimeQuickTime as developed by Apple Inc.
 RealVideoReal Video as developed by RealNetworks Inc.
 ShockwaveShockwave as developed by Macromedia Inc.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 WMVWindows Media Video as developed by Microsoft Corp.
VideoDefinitionTypeA Type of resolution (or definition) in which a Video is provided.
 HighDefinitionA VideoDefinitionType of a Video that is provided in a resolution exceeding 704 x 480 pixels.
 StandardDefinitionA VideoDefinitionType of a Video that is provided in a resolution not exceeding 704 x 480 pixels.
VideoTypeA Type of Video.
 AdvertisementVideoA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 AnimationAn audio-visual Recording using a rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.
 ConcertClipAn extract of a ConcertVideo.
 ConcertVideoA Video recording of a live Performance, usually of music, before an audience. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 CorporateFilmAn audio-visual Recording made for use within a corporate entity. Examples include company-internal training videos.
 DocumentaryAn audio-visual Recording that presents a social, political, scientific or historical subject. Documentaries include current affairs programmes, TV magazines, biographies and 'making of' programs.
 EpisodeA Part of a Series made available at a specific point in time. It may be that a Season or Series is not yet complete when an Episode is made available. Episodes include 'pilots'.
 FeatureFilmAn audio-visual Recording made for initial distribution in cinemas, where it would be the 'main attraction' of the screening, or prime-time television.
 InfomercialVideoA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 KaraokeA Video for Karaoke applications, typically for singing along to.
 LiveEventVideoAn audio-visual Recording capturing an Event such as a sporting event, theatrical performances, etc. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 LongFormMusicalWorkVideoA Video of an extended duration typically containing multiple tracks embodying at least one MusicalWork. Example: a concert video. LongFormMusicalWorkVideos are typically identified by an ISRC.
 LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideoA Video of an extended duration not embodying a MusicalWork.
 MenuAn aid to navigate through a Video which may be organized, e.g., into chapters. Menus are typically used on a DVD-Video. 
 MusicalWorkClipAn extract from a Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 MusicalWorkReadalongVideoA Video to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs, embodying a MusicalWork.
 MusicalWorkTrailerA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 MusicalWorkVideoChapterA VideoChapter embodying a MusicalWork.
 NewsAn audio-visual Recording, usually regularly scheduled, which reports current events.
 NonMusicalWorkClipAn extract from a Video, not embodying a MusicalWork.
 NonMusicalWorkReadalongVideoA Video to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs, not embodying a MusicalWork.
 NonMusicalWorkTrailerA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, not embodying a MusicalWork.
 NonMusicalWorkVideoChapterA VideoChapter not embodying a MusicalWork.
 NonSerialAudioVisualRecordingAn audio-visual Recording that is not part of a Series or Season.
 OperaVideoA Video recording of Performance of an opera.
 SeasonA Set of Episodes. Typically, a Season contains all Episodes to be made available in a pre-determined time frame, which often is within a twelve-month period. It may be that a Series is not yet complete when an Season is made available.
 SeriesA Set of Resources (Episodes) designed to be made available sequentially.
 ShortFormMusicalWorkVideoA Video whose audio content corresponds exactly or approximately to that of an audio-only Single which embodies at least one MusicalWork. ShortFormMusicalWorkVideos are typically identified by an ISRC.
 ShortFormNonMusicalWorkVideoA Video of a short ended duration not embodying a MusicalWork.
 TheatricalWorkVideoA Video recording of Performance of a theatrical work.
 TrailerVideoA Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 TvShowVideoA Video recording of a TV show.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VideoChapterA section of a Video defined by a start and end point. Typical VideoChapters are MusicalWorkVideoChapter or NonMusicalWorkVideoChapter.
VisualPerceptionTypeA Type of MusicalCreation according to how it is experienced in an audio-visual Creation.
 BackgroundMusic which is dubbed in for effect. It is not heard by the actors or performers in an audio-visual Creation.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VisualA Type of a MusicalCreation that is visibly experienced by the characters in the containing Resource, Collection or Release (e.g. a character sings a song or actively listens to a song played on the radio).
VocalTypeA Type of a MusicalCreation according to the occurrence of vocals.
 InstrumentalA Type of a MusicalCreation that contains only (musical) instruments.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VocalA Type of a MusicalCreation that contains (human) voice.



 Annex B (informative) Release Notes

Changes between Versions 3.6 and 3.7

The main changes in this public draft over version 3.6 are:

  • Support for TIS territory Codes;
  • Support for legacy country codes in all places where historic data might be communicated;
  • Enhanced support for Audiovisual content such as TV Series, Seasons and Episodes such as sequencing of Episodes and Seasons, provision of composers and other indirect ResourceContributors on Cues, communication of audiovisual duration on Release level;
  • Ability to signal how binary content (e.g. fingerprints) are coded;
  • Enhances support for mobile products (for details see Release and Resource Profiles);
  • Ability to communicate a DisplayArtistName on Resource level;
  • Additional UseTypes (for details see Release and Resource Profiles);
  • Making the MessageThreadId in the Message header optional;
  • Support for territorial title information for all Resource types; and
  • Support for territorial P/C line elements.

Changes between Versions 3.6 and 3.5

The main changes in Version 3.6 are:

  • The ability to provide multiple party ID for a party such as a recording artist;
  • Extensions to the Video composite to support video resources in multiple languages (including subtitles) and the ability to include a human readable description of a movie rating scheme;
  • Changing the cardinality of the DisplayArtist within the ReleaseDetailsByTerritory from [1..∞[ to [0..∞[ and updating the defintiion of the composite to indicate that the DisplayArtist is mandatory in the default ReleaseDetailsByTerritory but optional for all other ReleaseDetailsByTerritorys;
  • Support of various PreviewDates: ReleaseDisplayStartDate, TrackListingPreview-StartDate, CoverArtPreviewStartDate and ClipPreviewStartDate; and
  • Change of the WebPolicy to allow either a block on the content or a fine-grained policy expression to be communicated.

In addition to this, the structure of the XML Schema files has been significantly simplified; this change has, however, no impact in the structure of the messages. Similarly, version 3.6 contains a few clarifications for the use of some elements in the message.

Changes between Versions 3.5 and 3.4

The main changes in Version 3.5 are:

  • Adding a RightsClaimModel into Commercial ModelType allowed value set;
  • Adding PurchaseAsPhysicalProduct into the UseType allowed value set;
  • Adding ClassicalAlbum into the ReleaseType allowed-value set;
  • Creating a RightsControllerType for use in the NewReleaseMessages for communications to music licensing companies;
  • Add a BudgetRoyaltyRate into RoyaltyRateCalculationType allowed value set;
  • Changing the cardinality of the ArtistRole for artists from 0-∞ to 1-∞;
  • Added a ArtistDelegatedUsageRights for use in the NewReleaseMessages for communications to music licensing companies;
  • Added a ContactID composite for use in the NewReleaseMessages for communications to music licensing companies;
  • Adding ability to communicate membership with a music licensing company into the ResourceContributor composites;
  • Clarifications on the definitions of various release dates;
  • Adding an IsBackfill flag to the NewReleaseMessage;
  • Adding an IsMainRelease attribute into the Release composite;
  • Adding a GlobalReleaseDate and GlobalOriginalReleaseDate into the Release composite;
  • Adding a ReleaseDate into the ReleaseDetailsByTerritory;
  • Adding a DisplayConductor into the ReleaseDetailsByTerritory and SoundRecordingDetailsByTerritory composites for use in the NewReleaseMessages for communications to music licensing companies;
  • Adding an IsMastered flag into the SoundRecording composite;
  • Adding capability to communicate the number of featured, non-featured, contracted and non-contracted participants in the creation of a SoundRecording or Video;
  • Adding a TerritoryOfCommissioning into the SoundRecording composite; and
  • Updating the ISO code lists to reflect recent changes.

Changes between Versions 3.4 and 3.3

The main changes in version 3.4 are:

  • Simplification of the allowed value sets to communicate CommercialModelType, UseType, UserInterfaceType and DistributionChannelType. Note that some allowed values were deprecated but not yet removed from the standard; these values are marked as being “deprecated” in the data dictionary and DDEX advises that such values will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using them;
  • Added a uniform method to indicate that a party ID is an International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) or DDEX Party ID (DPID);
  • Changed the cardinality of a Deal’s Effective Date to [0-1] and added clarification that this value should be set to the date the NewReleaseMessage is sent; this element will be deprecated when this standard reached version 4.0;
  • Added the ability to reference a Release from a ResourceGroup to indicate that the referenced Release contains the same content as the referencing ResourceGroup ;
  • Added SoundProcessorTypes for MidiResources and AudioCodecTypes for Sound­Recordings; and
  • Replace the UgcAccessPermissionRule with a more expressive RightsClaimPolicy(*).

Note: the change indicated with an asterisk is a non-compatible change to version 3.2. However, since the UGC feature of Version 3.2 was erroneously included in version 2.3 this change is classified as a “bug fix”.

In addition there are changes to the ddex.xsd and ddexC.xsd baseline schema files that have been implemented to support other DDEX standards but that do not impact upon version 3.3 of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard.

Changes between Versions 3.3 and 3.2

The main changes in version 3.3 are the removal of two messages, NewDealMessage and MusicalWorkInformationMessage  and the addition of a CatalogListMessage. In addition several changes to the NewReleaseMessage were made, including:

  • Ability to signal the Release Profile and Business Profile a message conforms to;
  • Update of the ISO 4217a list of currencies, including the addition of AFN, AZN, CLF, COU, CUC, GHS, MGA, MXV, RON, RSD, SDG, TMT, TRY, UYI, VEF, ZWL;
  • Update of the ISO 3166a2 list of countries, including the addition of MF;
  • Ability to communicate pre-order previews;
  • Ability to communicate Releases that do not contain Resources when being communicated (this enables, for instance “passport services”);
  • Ability to communicate container file formats such as WAV and QuickTime;
  • Ability to communicate multiple sub-titles;
  • Ability to communicate the duration of a Work or Resource used within another Resource;
  • Ability to communicate conditions under which a “user-generated-content” site may make Releases available to users;
  • Ability to reference Resources or Works in Cues that are not communicated in the same NewReleseMessage;
  • Ability to limit a Deal to a specific DistributionChannelPage (instead of a Release);
  • Ability to communicate multiple sets of PriceInformation in a ReleaseDeal;
  • Ability to communicate multiple Keywords for Creations (in Version 3.2 multiple keywords had to be communicated in a single XML tag, separated by an undefined whitespace character);
  • Ability to communicate multiple languages of performance for Video Resources;
  • Ability to communicate multiple artist web pages;
  • Ability to communicate multiple SheetMusicIDs for each SheetMusic Resource;
  • Ability to reference a SheetMusic Resource from a Release (bugfix);
  • Ability to communicate Fingerprints and ConsumerFulfilmentDates on Technical–ResourceDetail level;
  • Update TechnicalMidiDetails, TechnicalSoundRecordingDetails, TechnicalVideo-Details to enable communication about Resources that need processing by the DSP before being sold to consumers;
  • Support of the choreography to aid the exchange Catalogues (DDEX-CCHO) by adding the ability to communicate CatalogTransfer items (this element is only intended to be used in the context of that standard);
  • Various changes that support the — forthcoming — DDEX Standard for communication between Musical Licensing Companies (DDEX-MCLM-10-2011);
  • Adding of Dancer, Designer, StudioMusician and StudioPersonnel to the ArtistRoles;
  • Adding of a-law, µ-law, Adaptive Multi-Rate codec (wide and narrow band variants) and Shockwave to the AudioCodecTypes and Shockwave to the VideoCodecTypes;
  • Adding of VideoAlbum, VideoChapterRelease and VideoTrackRelease to the ReleaseType;
  • Adding of Broadcast, KioskDownload, PerformInPublic, PrivateCopy, UseAsRingbackTune to the UseTypes;
  • Changing the Cline and Plines so that the year is optional and a ClineCompany can be separately be provided;
  • Allowing to indicate that an identifier has been “replaced” by a new identifier. This applies to all identifier composites in all messages;
  • Clarified the use of the MessageThreadId in the context of metadata messages (as opposed to web service call messages);
  • Added a flag to the Resource composite that indicates that PerformerInformation is required to be provided in the message as well;
  • Ability to specify the validity period of Deals by time as well as date (using xs:datetime); and
  • Ability to communicate a human-readable description in PriceInformation composites.

In addition there are changes to the ddex.xsd and ddexC.xsd baseline schema files that have been implemented to support other DDEX standards but that do not impact upon version 3.3 of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard.

Changes Between Versions 3.2 and 3.1.12

Below please find major new features of Version 3.2 of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard:

  • Ability to communicate physical Products in accordance with NARM UPC425 requirements;
  • Ability to communicate, especially to aggregators, a list of DistributionChannels for which a ReleaseDeal is not available;
  • Ability to include a “displaced” MusicalWorkId element on selected Resource composites;
  • Ability to communicate multiple SalesReportProxyIds (e.g. one for royalty reporting and one for chart reporting);
  • Ability to provide multiple names for each Party for allow, for instance, for different spellings and/or character sets;
  • Ability to chapter Audio Resources (e.g. for audio books, Medleys and Potrpotrris);
  • Update of the ReleaseRelationshipType list for increased support for mobile Releases;
  • Addition of QCELP to the AudioCodecTypes; and
  • Various bug fixes on data types and (obvious) mistakes in definitions.

Changes Between Versions 3.1.2 and 3.1.1

Version 3.1.2 corrected a bug that made the use of collections impossible.

Changes Between Versions 3.1.1 and 3.1

Version 3.1.1 corrects a few bugs from Version 3.1:

  • The order of the main message elements has been changed to make simple audiovisual Releases easier to ingest. The new order is: Works-Cues-Resources-Collections-Releases-Deals;
  • The PreviewDetails’ start time field has been removed from non-linear Resource types such as Images; and
  • The Duration field within the Video Resource composite has been made mandatory to align with all other linear Resource types.

In addition, version 3.1.1 provides these features above version 3.1:

  • Support for providing a rationale why a cue sheet is not provided while the provision of cue sheets is Contractually Mandatory;
  • Support for distinguishing between Deals for DRM-protected and non DRM-protected Releases, lossily coded and losslessly coded Releases, high-definition and standard definition Releases and Releases coded at different bit rates;
  • Support for distinguishing between Deals for promotional and non-proportional Release uses;
  • Support for physical distribution of Releases by providing CarrierType information (a.k.a. configurations);
  • Support for providing Deals for Release Rentals;
  • Alignment of TitleTypes with those provided in Common Works Registration process; and
  • Support for providing of details of a sales channel (e.g. its URL) through which a Release is to be distributed.

Changes Between Versions 3.1 and 3.0.1

Below please find major new features of Version 3.1 of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard:

  • Ability to handle CheSheets;
  • Ability to handle Collections, i.e. Series, Seasons, Episodes and Chapters;
  • Ability to communication Characters — as opposed to Contributors — within Video Resources, Chapters and CueSheets;
  • Ability to communicate further technical Resource metadata, especially for Video Resources such as TV programmes such as VideoDefintionType; and
  • Ability to communicate content rating codes provided by various rating agencies.

 

Messages generated in accordance with Version 3.1 of the Electronic Release Notification Message Suite Standard remain still valid when parsed against the 3.1 schema files.

Evaluation Licence for DDEX Standards

 

 

Subject to your compliance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, DDEX™ grants you a limited, nonexclusive, non-transferable, non-sublicenseable, royalty-free licence solely to reproduce, distribute within your organisation, and use the DDEX standard specifications (“DDEX Standards”) solely for the purpose of your internal evaluation. You may not make any commercial use of the DDEX Standards under this agreement. No other licences are granted under this agreement.

No representations or warranties (either express or implied) are made or offered by DDEX with regard to the DDEX Standards. In particular, but without limitation, no representations or warranties are made in relation to:

  1. The suitability or fitness of the standards for any particular purpose;
  2. The merchantability of the standards;
  3. The accuracy, completeness, relevance or validity of the standards; or
  4. The non-infringement of any third party intellectual property rights related to the DDEX Standards.

Accordingly, DDEX and/or its members shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, consequential or punitive loss or damages howsoever arising out of or in connection with the use of the standards. IN THE EVENT THAT ANY COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION RENDERS JUDGEMENT AGAINST DDEX AND/OR ITS MEMBERS NOTWITHSTANDING THE ABOVE LIMITATION, THE AGGREGATE LIABILITY TO YOU IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT SHALL IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNT OF ONE HUNDRED U.S. DOLLARS (US$ 100.00).

Users of the DDEX Standards are cautioned that it is subject to revision. Users are recommended to use the latest versions, which are available at http://www.ddex.net. The use of outdated versions of the standards is not recommended but may be required by agreement between implementers in particular cases.