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Each of the Schematron rules contained in any of the Schematron rule files contains a “role” attribute corresponding to a specific Conformance Weighing. Failing a rule, thus, has a different consequences depending on the value of the “role” attribute:

Value of “role” Attribute

Corresp. Conform. Weighting

Consequence for Conformance Testing

Information

None

None.

Fatal Error

1

Failing such a rule means that the Conformance Tester must recommend to not award a Conformance Certificate or to retract a Conformance Certificate if one has already been issued.

Conditional Fatal Error

1

This is the same as a Fatal Error, however, the rule may be ignored if the Conformance Tester has no means of asserting whether the condition[1] expressed in the rule has been met.

Error

2

Failing such a rule means that the Conformance Tester must recommend to award a Partial Conformance Certificate or to downgrade a Conformance Certificate that has already been issued.

However, if more than 50%[2] of all rules with a role of “Error” or “Conditional Error”) have been failed at least once, the Conformance Tester must recommend to not award a Conformance Certificate or to retract a Conformance Certificate if one has already been issued.

Conditional Error

2

This is the same as an Error, however, the rule may be ignored if the Conformance Tester has no means of asserting whether the condition expressed in the rule has been met.



[1] A common condition in a rule of this type contains a caveat such as “… if the sender has reasonable access to the data…”.

[2] The number of rules that can be failed while Conformance can still be attested is contained in the relevant Schematron file.

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