Splitting Names & the "Key" Name
Splitting a Name
Names have different parts."First Name" and "Last Name" are two ways of calling these parts. Other ways are "Christian Name" and Family Name" while some countries have the concept of a "Middle Name". DDEX also allows splitting names into parts. However, as these name parts have different names themselves – and different meanings in different cultures, a more generic approach is being used.
Core name parts
The core name parts are
The complete Name of the Party, in its normal form of presentation (e.g. John H. Smith, Acme Music Inc, The Beatles).
The Name(s) preceding the KeyName in the FullName (and that is placed after it in a FullNameIndexed). Examples: 'George' in 'George Michael'; 'John Fitzgerald' in 'John Fitzgerald Kennedy'. Not all PartyNames have a NamesBeforeKeyName (e.g. Madonna, EMI Music Inc).
The Part of a Name of the Party normally used to index an entry in an alphabetical list, such as 'Smith' (in John Smith) or 'Garcia Marquez' or 'Madonna' or 'Francis de Sales' (in Saint Francis de Sales). For persons, this normally corresponds to the 'family name' or names, which in Western name forms usually comes as a surname at the end of a FullName, and in Asian name forms often at the beginning of a FullName.
The provision of a
The Name(s) following the KeyName. Example:'Ibrahim' (in Anwar Ibrahim). This is common, e.g., in many Asian personal name forms where a FullName begins with the KeyName, which is followed by other names.
Out of these, only the
FullName is mandatory.
Auxiliary name parts
DDEX also allows communicating auxiliary name parts. These are all optional:
The FullName transcribed using 7-bit ASCII code.
The complete Name of the Party in the form in which it normally appears in an alphabetic index, with the KeyName first (e.g. Smith, John H.; Beatles, The)
Short version of the ddexC:PartyName (e.g. for use on devices with a small display).
<PartyName> <FullName>Bob Geldof, KBE</FullName> <FullNameIndexed>Geldof, Bob</FullNameIndexed> <NamesBeforeKeyName>Bob</NamesBeforeKeyName> <KeyName>Geldorf</KeyName> <NamesAfterKeyName>KBE</NamesAfterKeyName> </PartyName>
While only the
FullName element is mandatory, this composite allows a rich way to communicate artist names. While the use on individuals, bands and companies is comparatively simple (even if, most of the time, only thje
FullName is provided), the situation is more complex for collaborations (not shown in the examples are
This composite can be used to richly communicate "Quincy Jones & Friends":
<PartyName> <FullName>Quincy Jones & Friends</FullName> <FullNameIndexed>Jones, Quincy & Friends</FullNameIndexed> <NamesBeforeKeyName>Quincy</NamesBeforeKeyName> <KeyName>Jones</KeyName> <NamesAfterKeyName>& Friends</NamesAfterKeyName> </PartyName>
Naturally, this block does not include any information on who these friends are – for that, the
ResourceContributor composite has to be used.
A Horse with more Names
It is always possible to give multiple names – maybe with different character and language coding – to a single party.