“Various Artists” in ERN
To communicate that an album is from “various artists” the following approach should be taken in ERN-4:
Partycomposite for the “non-party” without a
Place, into this
Partycomposite one or more
PartyNamesfor the languages required expressing, for example, “various artists”;
Place into the relevant
Release(or resource) composite a set of
DisplayArtistNamesfor the languages required; and
Reference the above
Partycomposite with a
This is shown below:
The sender of the message should, however, satisfy themselves that the message recipient will understand that the above does not create a party with the name “Various Artists” but that, instead, the release was released by a set of artists whose names should not appear on the album cover.
Alternatively, even though “various artists” is not a party, sender and recipient could bilaterally agree a specific
PartyId for “various artists” and communicate this ID in the Party composite:
With 12345 being the ID agreed between message sender and message recipient for the “non-party” and XXXX being the DDEX Party ID of the company that was responsible for using 12345 as the Party ID for the “non-party” called “various artists”. This would typically be the either the message sender or the message recipient.
Knowing that a work is a traditional (i.e. a work for which there is no known composer and where the music functions as a marker of identity for a particular cultural group and has grown out of their oral tradition) should equally be communicated to a DSP if the fact is known by the record company. The same approach as shown above should be used for such instances.
The alternative approach discussed above (i.e., bilaterally agreeing on a specific
PartyId for a concept such as “traditional” and communicate this ID in the Party composite even though “traditional” is not a party) can also be used here.
While the ERN-3 standard does technically not require a
DisplayArtist for each release and sound recording (or video), most implementers’ systems expect such data in ERN-3 messages.
It is therefore recommended to use the principle described above for ERN-4 when creating ERN-3 messages:
The alternative approach discussed above (i.e., bilaterally agreeing on a specific PartyId for a concept such as “various artists” and communicate this ID in the
Party composite even though “various artists” is not a party) can also be used in ERN-3.