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Not all music contains singing. But there are a number of different types of what can be termed “instrumental” music. Below is a table with the recommended way of signalling different cases using the IsInstrumental and LanguageOfPerformance tags in the ERN standard: 

Use case

IsIntsrumental

IsInstrumental

LanguageOfPerformance

Instrumental music

True

Do not use

Orchestral music

Scatting

False

zxx (the ISO 639 code for “no linguistic content”)

Beat boxing

Humming

Singing “lalala”

Animal sounds

False

Do not use

Whistling

Synthetic speech

False

The synthesised language 

Words spoken or sung by a human voice in the background (with no foreground voice)

True

The language used

 

When communicating combinations of the above, the IsInstrumental and LanguageOfPerformancetags should reflect the dominant type.