|Include Page||Current Data Dictionary||Current Data Dictionary|
Acquiring Music Publisher
A Music Publisher that has acquired Right Shares of Musical Works, typically collated into a Catalogue, from another Music Publisher (the Relinquishing Music Publisher).
A Party administrating Rights on behalf of one or more RightsControllers (in the context of this standard a Collecting Publisher).
An Assertion made by two or more Parties (Asserters).
Appointed Conformance Agency (ACA)
A Conformance Agency that is appointed by Digital Data Exchange, LLC (DDEX) to certify that a party Conforms to a Conformance Set.
Note that, at this stage, neither are there any Appointed Conformance Agencies in existence nor are there any specific plans for DDEX to appoint such Appointed Conformance Agencies.
A company that sends or receives DDEX messages on behalf of other companies. Aggregators enable smaller companies to participate in the DDEX ecosystem.
Formally, the Atom Syndication Format, is an XML language used for web service feeds. The Atom Publishing Protocol is a simple HTTP-based protocol for creating and updating web resources.
An audible and visual persistent manifestation of a subject (often but not necessarily of a performance).
A grouping of one or more
a Release Distributor together. The concept of a batch is used in one of the FTP Profiles of this ERN Choreography Standard.
DDEX Messages to be processed by
An Agreement signed by two Parties.
In the context of collective rights management a Bilateral Agreement establishes the framework for reciprocal exchange of monies collected by one Collective Management Organisation and due to Rights Controllers represented by the other. This may include reciprocal authorisation of rights.
A group of Records in a Message created in accordance with a flat-file standard that communicate information that belongs intrinsically together. All Records in a Block carry the same Block Identifier and all Records with the same Record Identifier belong to the same Block. The identifier of a Block shall be unique within a Sales Report Message created in accordance with this standard.
All Records of a Block are contiguously provided within a Message.
A subset of a DDEX message suite standard that limits the use of data fields for use in a specific business scenario. Business Profiles do typically not limit the descriptions of Releases and their constituent parts but focus on Products based on such Releases.
Business Profiles are defined by DDEX and are themselves DDEX standards.
A well-defined collection of items such as rights in Musical Works, Right Shares and/or Releases.
Note that the XML tags use the spelling “catalog” instead of catalogue.
An individual data element in a Record. Cells are separated by Delimiters.
Claiming Music Licensing Company
A Music Licensing Company that is receiving a Revenue report from a Paying Music Licensing Company.
Collecting Music Licensing Company
A Music Licensing Company that originally collected Revenue for Sound Recordings, Music Videos and/or other Audio-visual Resources from licensees.
A RightsController who is, at the time of assertion, controlling the right to collect royalties for a specific RightsType in a specific Territory for a specific Musical Work. Collecting Publishers may ask Administrators to administer some of their rights. Note that a MusicalWork may have zero, one or many Collecting publishers.
The exercise of copyright and related rights by organisations acting in the interests of and on behalf of at least one Rights Controller usually in respect of the same class of Creations or Rights.
A Right Share as calculated for the collection of money for Right Shares. It specifies the ratio (percentage) of a composition that a rights holder is contractually entitled to collect from a Licensee, by rights type, territory, and period.
In the context of the Letters of the Direction Choreography Standard, Collection Shares are the Right Shares that are being transferred from a Relinquishing Publisher to an Acquiring Publisher.
Collective Management Organisation (CMO)
A Party (that is usually owned or controlled by its members and/or organised on a not-for-profit basis) that, as its sole or main purpose, administers copyright or related rights on behalf of at least two Rights Controllers, for the collective benefit of those Rights Contorllers where it is authorised by law or by way of assignment or Licence.
A Collective Management Organisation may also be a Licensor, a Rights Administrator, a Licensing Agent or a Rights Holder.
A Collective Management Organisation may or may not be the Message Sender or Message Recipient of a message in a specific information exchange defined by a DDEX Standard.
The terms compliance or compliant are used synonymous to Conformance and Conformant.
Full Conformance or Partial Conformance.
A Party that offers Conformance certification services to test conformance of other parties. A CA can either be a Private Conformance Agency (PCA) or an Appointed Conformance Agency (ACA).
Conformance Agencies are entitled to issue Conformance Certificates.
A document awarded to companies that have proven that their supply chain is Conformant to a DDEX Standard in accordance with this Standard. It may be possible to issue multiple Conformance Certificates to a single company with respect to a single Conformance Set, if the company has several, largely independent supply chains.
The issuance of Conformance Certificate shall be done in accordance with a well-documented and published set of policies.
Conformance Certificate Register
A register of all Conformance Certificates, maintained and published by DDEX or by an authorised third party on behalf of DDEX.
For Partial Conformant Parties, the Conformance Certificate Register shall include information about which Conformance Points have not passed the Conformance Test and how.
The smallest set of criteria for which Conformance is defined in this Standard.
A Conformance Point is an individual numbered rule that forms part of a Release Profile or Business Profile.
A combination of Conformance Points. Conformance Sets are the smallest criteria for which Conformance can be asserted.
For Message Suite Standards, a Conformance Set is equivalent to a Business Profile or Release Profile.
An Organisation that uses this standard to test whether a company is Conformant to a specific Conformance Point. A Conformance Tester may be CA
Conformance Test Report
A report issued by a Conformance Agency indicating that a Party has successfully passed a Conformance Test (or not). Conformance Test Reports are issued with respect to one or more Conformance Point(s).
Conformance Test Reports contain information whether Full or Partial Conformance was achieved and, if only partial Conformance is achieved, a list of all failed Conformance Points.
A parameter given to each Conformance Point that can be used to determine if a Party’s supply chain is Partially Conformant or Fully Conformant.
Conformance Weightings are documented in the Relevant Profile Standard in pointy brackets as follows:
<Conformance Weighting: 1>
to whom permission to use a Creation (e.g.: MusicalWork, Sound Recording or Release) is granted in a License Agreement.
An entity in a DDEX Message that has the technical cardinality of 0-1 or 0-n but that is mandatory when a DDEX message is sent in a specific commercial context.
Contractually Mandatory fields may, however, be mandatory when a DDEX message is sent in a specific commercial context. In such circumstances, a message is deemed conformant only if and when it contains all the “contractually mandatory” fields as agreed by Message Sender and Message Recipient.
An individual end user of a Creation.
An Output made, directly or indirectly, by one or more human beings. Creations include Works (including Musical Works), Resources (including Sound Recordings and Videos) and Releases.
A Deal is what transforms a Release into a product. A Deal states how a Release may be made available to consumers.
A character that delineates, in a flat file, either one Record from another Record or one Cell from another Cell.
Digital Audio Workstation (DAW)
A Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) is an electronic device or computer software application for recording, editing and producing audio files such as songs, musical pieces, human speech or sound effects.
The physical entity created during the recording project. Data Carriers can be linked to more than one Project, Session, Sound Recording, or set of Recording Components.
Digital Service Provider (DSP)
A Digital Service Provider (DSP), a Party making Releases available to Consumers or other DSPs over a public Telecom network. This includes MSPs (Mobile Service Providers) and ISPs (Internet Service Providers).
The proportion of the overall Musical Work that has been assigned to a Collecting Publisher or Administrator. Note that a Writer can have zero, one or many Original Publishers, and hence zero, one or many Distribution Shares.
A unique permutation of the Sound Recording. Elements can contain the original Recording Components ("Multitrack Master"), sub mixes of these components into common themes (Stems), or single mix files created from the combining of recording components (Master Mix, Instrumental Mix). A specific SKU or UPC can be set for each element.
Exclusive Rights Owner or Licensee
A company that is either the exclusive owner of all rights for a specific territory of all Resources within a Release or the sole licensee from an exclusive Rights Owner for sound recording/Resource rights for a The term “exclusive” here refers to those sound recording/Resource rights for a specific territory or set of territories.
A Resource stored as a single unit, normally in a file system on disk or magnetic tape
Flat File Sales Report Messages (DSRF)
A Sales Report Message created in accordance with the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standards (Architecture and Profiles). A Flat File Sales Report Message may be split into several individual files.
A company’s supply chain is Fully Conformant to a specific Conformance Set when it fulfils all criteria laid down in the respective clause of this standard. Companies that are found to be Fully Conformant by a Conformance Agency are entitled to displaying a Conformance Certificate.
A Release, originally communicated by the owner (or its agent) of a sound recording or audio-visual recording to a Licensee who then distributed that Release to consumers, whose Usage, Revenue or Sales are described in a Sales Report Message created in accordance with this standard.
A Resource whose Usage, Revenue or Sales are described in a Sales Report Message created in accordance with this standard. Head Resources are not communicated as part of a Head Release.
A service that acts as a broker for information exchange, typically using DDEX Messages. In the context of the Musical Works Notification, Musical Works Licensing and Letter of Direction Standards defined by DDEX, a Hub acts as an intermediary for information exchange to facilitate sharing of Right Share information. Hubs may also play a role in facilitating licensing processes between (prospective) Licensors and (prospective) Licensees. Hubs may also act as routers and/or provide data caching functionality.
A Party that initiates the creation of a Sound Recording or Resource and is sometimes referred to as a commissioning rights holder. An Initial Producer may be a person or an Organisation and the term contrasts with the role of a Studio Producer.
A company that plays both roles of Release Creator (e.g. in communications to downstream Release Distributors) and Release Distributor (e.g. in communications upstream Release Creators).
Letter of Direction
A communication from a Rights Controller who has acquired a Catalogue of rights to Licensors of said Musical Works. An Administrator may carry out the communication on behalf of a Rights Controller.
A Party that is granted a Licence in respect of rights in one or more Creations, by a Licensor. The Licensee may be a human being or other legal person or corporate entity. The Licensee may or may not be the Message Sender or Message Recipient of a message in a specific information exchange defined by a DDEX Standard.
that is granted a Licence in respect of rights in one or more Creations, by a Licensor. The Licensee may be a human being or other legal person or corporate entity. The Licensee may or may not be the Message Sender or Message Recipient of a message in a specific information exchange defined by a DDEX Standard.
A Party that acts, in the context of a Licence, for a Licensor. Licensing Agents may act for a Rights Controller in the context of a Licence agreement. The Licensing Agent may or may not be the Message Sender or Message Recipient of a message in a specific information exchange defined by a DDEX Standard.
An Agent granting permission to use a Creation (here: MusicalWork, Sound Recording or Release) in a LicenseAgreement.
Musical is a Work whose expression is a
A Party that grants a Licence in respect of rights in one or more Creations to one or more Licensees in accordance with the authorities it has been granted to do so by one or more Rights Controller(s), Rights Administrator(s) (where applicable), Licensing Agent(s) (where applicable) or Rights Holder(s). The Licensor may be a human being or other legal person or corporate entity. The Licensor may or may not also be the Rights Controller, the Rights Administrator, the Licensing Agent or the Rights Holder in the Creation(s) that are the subject of the Licence granting the rights. The Licensor may or may not be the Message Sender or Message Recipient of a message in a specific information exchange defined by a DDEX Standard.
A Release, communicated in a Release notification that represents the main purpose for sending the
NewReleaseMessage. When communicating an album, the Main Release would be said Album Release. A typical
NewReleaseMessage contains, besides the Main Release, one or more Track Releases.
An XML message signifying the delivery of a Batch.
The proportion of a Musical Work written by a Writer, as agreed between the Writers. Typically represented as a percentage or a fraction. Manuscript Shares may occasionally vary by territory and/or rights type.
A series of message calls and their responses which together communicate a more comprehensive level of meaning between the two business partners.
A Party that receives a Message formatted in accordance with a DDEX Standard from a Message Sender. The Message Recipient may also be one or more of a Licensor, a Licensee, a Rights Controller, a Rights Administrator, a Licensing Agent or a Rights Holder.
A Party that sends a Message formatted in accordance with a DDEX Standard to a Message Recipient. The Message Sender may also be one or more of a Licensor, a Licensee, a Rights Controller, a Rights Administrator, a Licensing Agent or a Rights Holder.
A variant of a Sales/Usage report in accordance with this standard where descriptive metadata and sales/usage figures are provided in Blocks of (usually) comprising multiple Records. Multi-Record-Block Variant is the default variant for sales/usage reports in accordance with this standard.
Music Licensing Company
A company that is duly authorised to issue licences for the use of SoundRecordings and music videos. Music Licensing Companies may issue licences on behalf of phonogram producers, performers or both.
Note: Music Licensing Companies were previously referred to as Producers (and/or Performers) Collection Societies (PCSs).
intended to be perceivable as a combination of sounds, with or without accompanying text.
Any words that are intended to be expressed with a MusicalWork (often termed Lyrics) form part of that MusicalWork; not all MusicalWorks have Lyrics.
A MusicalWork may be expressed and fixed to become part of a SoundRecording or a Video Recording, or may be used to create notated music (sheet music, scores, instrumental parts) or sound generation codes (such as MIDI files).
In some cases, the MusicalWork comes into existence simultaneously with its expression. This is common in extemporised forms such as jazz music.
An audio-visual recording of the performance of a musical work.
The concept of ensuring that a party cannot repudiate, or refute, the sending or receiving of a message.
A RightsController who is assigned rights directly by the Writer (as opposed to by another Publisher). Note that a writer may have zero, one or many Original Publishers.
Original Publisher Share
The proportion of the overall Musical Work that a writer has assigned to an Original Publisher. Note that each Writer can have zero, one or many Original Publishers, and hence zero, one or many Original Publisher Shares. As opposed to collection shares, an OriginalPublisherShare does not define a share for the collection of money.
A company’s supply chain is Fully Conformant to a specific Conformance Set when it fulfils well-defined subset of all criteria laid down in the respective clause of this standard. Companies that are found to be Partiallly Conformant by a Conformance Agency are entitled to displaying a Conformance Certificate.
Paying Music Licensing Company
A Music Licensing Company that has collected Revenue for Sound Recordings, Music Videos and/or other Audio-visual Resources, and that reports such Revenue.
The content of one Batch to be transmitted via the a Message Exchange Protocol. Payload does not include manifests or acknowledgements.