DDEX Standard

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This section of the DDEX Knowledge Base contains the Allowed Value Lists (Version 1.4.1) used by the Profiles of the Flat File Variant of the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard and the Claim Detail Message Suite Standard

 

1   Introduction

This standard was developed by the member organisations of the Digital Data Exchange, LLC (DDEX) and provides a message that gives a uniform mechanism to enable Licensees (typically Digital Service Providers) to report to Rights Controllers (typically Music Rights Societies, Music Publishers, Music Licensing Companies and/or Record Companies) information regarding the level of usage and/or revenue generated from the distribution of such products, as well as sales of products based on Releases, to the relevant Rights Controllers.

The Flat File Variant of the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard has been developed in response to concerns regarding the file size and computational complexity of the XML Variant, and will lead to reduced implementation and running cost for Licensees and Licensors. The same principles are also used by the Claim Detail Message Suite Standard which allows the communication of claims and calculation details behind individual and aggregate royalty claims being made in respect of the Musical Works. 

This Part 2 of the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard standard defines the allowed value sets and allowed values used in the various Record Types used in the Digital Sales Reporting and Claim Detail Message Suite Standards.

Any organisation wishing to implement this (or any other DDEX standard) is required to apply for an Implementation Licence. The terms of the licence and an application form can be found on https://ddex.net/implementation/implementation-licence-and-ddex-party-identifiers.

Essential Reading

Download/Print standard (PDF)

This standard is Part 2 of a two multi-part standards: Digital Sales Reporting (DSR) and Claim Detail Message (CDM). The other parts (incl. samples) are available:

Older versions of the various parts of the DSR standard can be accessed here.

2 Scope

 2.1 Introduction

The message design defined in the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard provides a mechanism for Licensees (typically Digital Service Providers) to report to Rights Controllers (typically Music Rights Societies, Music Licensing Companies, Music Publishers and/or Record Companies) Usage, Revenue or Sales from the exploitation of Products based on electronic Releases containing Sound Recordings and/or Music Audio-Visual Recordings which embody Musical Works and/or other Resources. The Flat File Variant is intended to provide a format for reporting information about the level of usage, revenue or sales generated from the exploitation of Releases and Resources for companies that do not wish to handle XML-formatted sales/usage reports.

Closely related to the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard is the Claim Detail Message Suite Standard that allows the communication of claims and calculation details behind individual and aggregate royalty claims being made in respect of the Musical Works for which usage information has been provided in a Sales/Usage Report Message.

This Part defines the Allowed Value Sets and their Allowed Values that can be used in the Digital Sales Reporting and Claim Detail Message Suite Standard.

 2.2 Organisation of the Standard

This standard comprises five clauses. Clauses 1-4 provide the scope, abbreviations and core definitions used in this standard. Clause 5 provides the Allowed Value Sets and Allowed Values, each with definitions, used in the Profiles defined for the flat-file Sales/Usage Reporting Standard.

 2.3 Release Notes

This version of the allowed values sets supports all the following Parts of the flat-file variant of the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard.
  • Part 3 – all versions
  • Part 4 – all versions
  • Part 5 – all versions
  • Part 6 – all versions
  • Part 7 – all versions

Version 1.1 adds a VideoType.

Version 1.2 adds further values.

Version 1.3 adds support for the Claim Detail Message Suite Standard by adding ClaimBasis and DiscrepancyType allowed value sets.

Version 1.4 adds a WorkType AVS for AS03 with two allowed values LiteraryWork and ContainedWork, as well as ProgrammedContentStream into UseType.

Version 1.4.1 removes a few allowed values that were erroneously included in the RoleCode AVS.

3 Normative References

 Click here to expand...

The following normative documents contain provisions, which through reference in this text constitute provisions of this standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. For undated references, the latest version applies.

  • DDEX Data Dictionary Standard. Latest Version
  • DDEX. Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard - Part 1: Architecture of the Flat File Variant.
 

4 Terms and Abbreviations

 Click here to expand...

The terms and abbreviations used in Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard – Part 1: Architecture of the Flat File Variant. also apply to this Standard.

5 Allowed Value Sets

 5.1 Introduction

This Annex lists all allowed value sets with their allowed values and definitions that are valid within this standard.

 5.2 Claim Basis

Allowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
Claim BasisThe basis for which a claim is made. The basis is agreed in the bilateral agreements between Licensor and Licensee.
 CopConA claim for a matched Musical Work made through the CopCon process.
 DirectA claim for a matched Musical Work made directly by the Rights Controller.
 UnmatchedA claim for an unmatched Musical Work made directly by the Rights Controller.

 5.3 Coding Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value Definition
CodingType A Type of coding used to encode a Resource.
 Lossless

A CodingType of a Resource in which no data is lost.

 Lossy

A CodingType of a Resource in which data is lost.

 5.4 Commercial Model Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

CommercialModel

A Type of CommercialModel (e.g. SubscriptionModel and PayAsYouGoModel). The CommercialModelType indicates how a Consumer pays for a Service or Release.

 

AdvertisementSupportedModel

A CommercialModel where the Service or Product offering is financed by revenue generated from the sale of advertising.

 

AsPerContract

A Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.

 

DeviceFeeModel

A CommercialModel in which revenues generated from the sale of devices are shared with rights holders. The relevant content does not need to be pre-loaded onto the device for the model to apply.

 

FreeOfChargeModel

A CommercialModel in which a Resource, Release or Product is made available free of charge to Consumers.

 

PayAsYouGoModel

A CommercialModel where the Service or Product offering is financed by revenue generated from payment (set at any level but not zero) for each Usage which the Customer makes of the Service or Product.

 

PerformanceRoyaltiesModel

A CommercialModel in which royalties are based on performances.

 

RightsClaimModel

A CommercialModel in which a MessageSender is claiming ownership of rights in Release(s).

 

SubscriptionModel

A CommercialModel where the Service or Product offering is financed by revenue generated from a Customer Subscription.

 

Unknown

An unknown CommercialModel. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

UserDefined

A Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.

 5.5 Currency

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

Currency

A code representing a Currency.

 

AED

UAE Dirham.

 

AFN

Afghani.

 

ALL

Lek.

 

AMD

Armenian Dram.

 

ANG

Netherlands Antillean Guilder.

 

AOA

Kwanza.

 

ARS

Argentine Peso.

 

AUD

Australian Dollar.

 

AWG

Aruban Florin.

 

AZN

Azerbaijan Manat.

 

BAM

Convertible Mark.

 

BBD

Barbados Dollar.

 

BDT

Taka.

 

BGN

Bulgarian Lev.

 

BHD

Bahraini Dinar.

 

BIF

Burundi Franc.

 

BMD

Bermudian Dollar.

 

BND

Brunei Dollar.

 

BOB

Boliviano.

 

BOV

Mvdol.

 

BRL

Brazilian Real.

 

BSD

Bahamian Dollar.

 

BTN

Ngultrum.

 

BWP

Pula.

 

BYR

Belarusian Ruble.

 

BZD

Belize Dollar.

 

CAD

Canadian Dollar.

 

CDF

Congolese Franc.

 

CHF

Swiss Franc.

 

CLF

Unidad de Fomento.

 

CLP

Chilean Peso.

 

CNY

Yuan Renminbi.

 

COP

Colombian Peso.

 

COU

Unidad de Valor Real.

 

CRC

Costa Rican Colón.

 

CUC

Peso Convertible.

 

CUP

Cuban Peso.

 

CVE

Cabo Verde Escudo.

 

CZK

Czech Koruna.

 

DJF

Djibouti Franc.

 

DKK

Danish Krone.

 

DOP

Dominican Peso.

 

DZD

Algerian Dinar.

 

EGP

Egyptian Pound.

 

ERN

Nakfa.

 

ETB

Ethiopian Birr.

 

EUR

Euro.

 

FJD

Fiji Dollar.

 

FKP

Falkland Islands Pound.

 

GBP

Pound Sterling.

 

GEL

Lari.

 

GHS

Ghana Cedi.

 

GIP

Gibraltar Pound.

 

GMD

Dalasi.

 

GNF

Guinean Franc.

 

GTQ

Quetzal.

 

GYD

Guyana Dollar.

 

HKD

Hong Kong Dollar.

 

HNL

Lempira.

 

HRK

Kuna.

 

HTG

Gourde.

 

HUF

Forint.

 

IDR

Rupiah.

 

ILS

New Israeli Sheqel.

 

INR

Indian Rupee.

 

IQD

Iraqi Dinar.

 

IRR

Iranian Rial.

 

ISK

Iceland Króna.

 

JMD

Jamaican Dollar.

 

JOD

Jordanian Dinar.

 

JPY

Yen.

 

KES

Kenyan Shilling.

 

KGS

Som.

 

KHR

Riel.

 

KMF

Comorian Franc.

 

KPW

North Korean Won.

 

KRW

Won.

 

KWD

Kuwaiti Dinar.

 

KYD

Cayman Islands Dollar.

 

KZT

Tenge.

 

LAK

Lao Kip.

 

LBP

Lebanese Pound.

 

LKR

Sri Lanka Rupee.

 

LRD

Liberian Dollar.

 

LSL

Loti.

 

LYD

Libyan Dinar.

 

MAD

Moroccan Dirham.

 

MDL

Moldovan Leu.

 

MGA

Malagasy Ariary.

 

MKD

Denar.

 

MMK

Kyat.

 

MNT

Tugrik.

 

MOP

Pataca.

 

MRU

Ouguiya.

 

MUR

Mauritius Rupee.

 

MVR

Rufiyaa.

 

MWK

Kwacha.

 

MXN

Mexican Peso.

 

MXV

Mexican Unidad de Inversion (UDI).

 

MYR

Malaysian Ringgit.

 

MZN

Mozambique Metical.

 

NAD

Namibia Dollar.

 

NGN

Naira.

 

NIO

Córdoba Oro.

 

NOK

Norwegian Krone.

 

NPR

Nepalese Rupee.

 

NZD

New Zealand Dollar.

 

OMR

Rial Omani.

 

PAB

Balboa.

 

PEN

Sol.

 

PGK

Kina.

 

PHP

Philippine Peso.

 

PKR

Pakistan Rupee.

 

PLN

Zloty.

 

PYG

Guarani.

 

QAR

Qatari Rial.

 

RON

Romanian Leu.

 

RSD

Serbian Dinar.

 

RUB

Russian Ruble.

 

RWF

Rwanda Franc.

 

SAR

Saudi Riyal.

 

SBD

Solomon Islands Dollar.

 

SCR

Seychelles Rupee.

 

SDG

Sudanese Pound.

 

SEK

Swedish Krona.

 

SGD

Singapore Dollar.

 

SHP

Saint Helena Pound.

 

SLL

Leone.

 

SOS

Somali Shilling.

 

SRD

Surinam Dollar.

 SSPSouth Sudanese Pound.
 

STN

Dobra.

 

SVC

El Salvador Colón.

 

SYP

Syrian Pound.

 

SZL

Lilangeni.

 

THB

Baht.

 

TJS

Somoni.

 

TMT

Turkmenistan New Manat..

 

TND

Tunisian Dinar.

 

TOP

Pa'anga.

 

TRY

Turkish Lira.

 

TTD

Trinidad and Tobago Dollar.

 

TWD

New Taiwan Dollar.

 

TZS

Tanzanian Shilling.

 

UAH

Hryvnia.

 

UGX

Uganda Shilling.

 

USD

US Dollar.

 

UYI

Uruguay Peso en Unidades Indexadas (UI).

 

UYU

Peso Uruguayo.

 

UZS

Uzbekistan Sum.

 

VES

Bolívar Soberano.

 

VND

Dong.

 

VUV

Vatu.

 

WST

Tala.

 

XAF

CFA Franc BEAC.

 

XCD

East Caribbean Dollar.

 

XOF

CFA Franc BCEAO.

 

XPF

CFP Franc.

 

YER

Yemeni Rial.

 

ZAR

Rand.

 

ZMW

Zambian Kwacha.

 

ZWL

Zimbabwe Dollar.

 

CYP

Cyprus Pound (deprecated).

 

EEK

Kroon (deprecated).

 LTLLithuanian Litas (deprecated).
 LVLLatvian Lats (deprecated).
 

MTL

Maltese Lira (deprecated).

 MROOuguiya (deprecated).
 

ROL

Old Leu (deprecated).

 

SIT

Tolar (deprecated).

 

SKK

Slovak Koruna (deprecated).

 STDDobra (deprecated).
 VEFBolívar (deprecated).

 5.6 Discrepancy Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
DiscrepancyTypeThe type of the discrepancy that is being reported.
 CalculationErrorA calculation in the information supporting the claim or invoice information appears to be mathematically wrong or does not match the recipient's expected value.
 

ClaimBasis

The Licensee has detected a discrepancy between the claim basis as permitted under the contract between Licensee and Licensor and the claim basis as communicated in the Claim Detail Message.

 DuplicatedClaimInMessageThe claim appears to be a duplicate of a claim made in the same Claim Detail Message.  
 PreviouslyInvoiced

The invoice detail appears to pertain to a claim an item that has already been invoiced.

 OriginallyStatedClaimDoesNotMatchValue in original Claim field in the CDM Correction does not match the "claim" in the original claim.
 OverclaimThe relevant Musical Work has been over-claimed.
 OverclaimBySameLicensorThe relevant Musical Work has been over-claimed by one a single Licensor in the Claim Detail Message to which the Claim Detail Discrepancy Notification is a response to.
 PreviouslyInvoiced

The invoice detail appears to pertain to a claim an item that has already been invoiced.

 User DefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.

 


 5.7 DRM Enforcement Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

DrmEnforcementType

A Type of DRM enforcement.

 

DrmEnforced

A DrmEnforcementType of a Creation which is protected by DRM.

 NotDrmEnforced

A DrmEnforcementType of a Creation which is not protected by DRM.

 5.8 Language Localization Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
LanguageLocalizationType The Type of adaptation of an audio-visual Resource for a specific audience and/or language.
 Dubbed

An audio-visual Resource that has been dubbed with a new language track.

 SubTitled

An audio-visual Resource to which SubTitles are added.

 Multilingual

An audio-visual Resource that is provided with multiple language tracks.

 Original

An audio-visual Resource that has not been localised.

 5.9 Release Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

ReleaseType

A Type of Release according to its content, Duration and/or number of components. Note: a ReleaseType is the form in which a ReleaseCreator anticipates offering a Release to Consumers.

 

AdvertisementVideo

A Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

Album

A Release that is a digital equivalent of a physical SoundCarrier of an extended Duration, typically containing multiple Tracks of SoundRecordings. It may also contain bonus Resources.

 

AlertToneRelease

A Release containing a Resource for use as an AlertTone primarily on MobileTelephones.

 

Animation

An audio-visual Recording using a rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.

 

AsPerContract

A Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.

 

AudioBookRelease

A Release containing, chiefly, one or more Recordings of the reading of a book or manuscript.

 

AudioClipRelease

A Release predominantly containing excerpts from SoundRecordings.

 

BackCoverImageRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a back cover image.

 

BookletBackImageRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a back image of a booklet.

 

BookletFrontImageRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a front image of a booklet.

 

BookletRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a booklet.

 

Bundle

A set comprising more than one Resource of different ResourceTypes compiled for release. Bundles are typically used in electronic distribution. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

ClassicalAlbum

An Album that contains one or more SoundRecordings based on classical MusicalWorks, i.e. MusicalWorks that typically shows a hierarchy of components such as a concerto with multiple movements.

 

ConcertVideo

A Video recording of a live Performance, usually of music, before an audience. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

CorporateFilm

An audio-visual Recording made for use within a corporate entity. Examples include company-internal training videos.

 

DigitalBoxSetRelease

A Release consisting of a media bundle assembled out of other existing Albums. It may contain a mixture of both audio and video Albums, as well as bonus material. The bundled Albums become components
within the digital boxed sets resource group structure.

 

Documentary

An audio-visual Recording that presents a social, political, scientific or historical subject. Documentaries include current affairs programmes, TV magazines, biographies and 'making of' programs.

 

DocumentImageRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a document.

 

EBookRelease

A Release typically for use as an EBook.

 

Episode

A Part of a Series made available at a specific point in time. It may be that a Season or Series is not yet complete when an Episode is made available. Episodes include 'pilots'.

 

FeatureFilm

An audio-visual Recording made for initial distribution in cinemas, where it would be the 'main attraction' of the screening, or prime-time television.

 

FilmBundle

A Bundle whose core Resources are Videos, but that may also contain Resources of different ResourceTypes. FilmBundles are typically used in electronic distribution.

 

FrontCoverImageRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a front cover image.

 

IconRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource, that is typically used as pictogram in graphical user interfaces, to represent the Release or a Resource or Party related to the Release, and which can be selected to perform a function.

 

InfomercialVideo

A Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.

 InteractiveBookletRelease

A Release typically for use as an InteractiveBooklet.

 

KaraokeRelease

A Release typically for use in Karaoke applications.

 

LiveEventVideo

An audio-visual Recording capturing an Event such as a sporting event, theatrical performances, etc. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

LogoRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource, that is typically used as a logo to represent parties associated with the Release.

 

LongFormMusicalWorkVideoRelease

A Release containing typically one or more LongFormMusicalWorkVideo Resources.

 

LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideoRelease

A Release containing typically one or more LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideo Resources.

 

LyricSheetRelease

A Release containing typically one or more lyric sheet Resources.

 

MultimediaAlbum

A multimedia Release typically containing multiple Resources of different ResourceTypes. It may also contain bonus Resources.

 

MultimediaSingle

A multimedia Release with a short total Duration, typically containing two Resources of different ResourceTypes.

 

MusicalWorkBasedGameRelease

A Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkBasedGame Resources.

 

MusicalWorkClipRelease

A Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkClip Resources.

 MusicalWorkReadalongVideoRelease

A Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkReadalongVideo Resources.

 

MusicalWorkTrailerRelease

A Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkTrailer Resources.

 

MusicalWorkVideoChapterRelease

A Release containing typically one or more MusicalWorkVideoChapter Resources.

 

News

An audio-visual Recording, usually regularly scheduled, which reports current events.

 NonMusicalWorkBasedGameRelease

A Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkBasedGame Resources.

 

NonMusicalWorkClipRelease

A Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkClip Resources.

 

NonMusicalWorkReadalongVideoRelease

A Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkReadalongVideo Resources.

 

NonMusicalWorkTrailerRelease

A Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkTrailer Resources.

 

NonMusicalWorkVideoChapterRelease

A Release containing typically one or more NonMusicalWorkVideoChapter Resources.

 

NonSerialAudioVisualRecording

An audio-visual Recording that is not part of a Series or Season.

 

PhotographRelease

A Release containing typically one or more Photograph Image Resources.

 

RingbackToneRelease

A Release containing a Resource for use as an RingbackTone primarily on MobileTelephones.

 RingtoneRelease

A Release containing a Resource for use as an Ringtone primarily on MobileTelephones.

 

ScreensaverRelease

A Release containing a Resource for use as a Screensaver.

 

Season

A Set of Episodes. Typically, a Season contains all Episodes to be made available in a pre-determined time frame, which often is within a twelve-month period. It may be that a Series is not yet complete when an Season is made available.

 

Series

A Set of Resources (Episodes) designed to be made available sequentially.

 

SheetMusicRelease

A Release containing typically one or more Resources representing sheet music.

 

ShortFormMusicalWorkVideoRelease

A Release containing typically one or more ShortFormMusicalWorkVideo Resources.

 

ShortFormNonMusicalWorkVideoRelease

A Release containing typically one or more ShortFormNonMusicalWorkVideo Resources.

 

Single

A Release with a short total Duration, typically containing one or two Tracks of SoundRecordings.

 

SingleResourceRelease

A Release containing a single Resource.

 

SingleResourceReleaseWithCoverArt

A Release containing a single primary Resource, augmented by a single cover art image.

 

TrackRelease

A Release containing normally one SoundRecording.

 

TrailerVideo

A Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.

 

TrayImageRelease

A Release containing an Image Resource that, in the physical equivalent Product, is a TrayImage.

 

Unknown

A Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.

 

UserDefined

A Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.

 

VideoAlbum

A Release typically containing multiple Video Tracks. It may also contain bonus Resources.

 

VideoChapterRelease

A Release containing typically one or more LongFormNonMusicalWorkVideo Resources.

 

VideoClipRelease

A Release predominantly containing excerpts from Videos.

 

VideoScreenCaptureRelease

A Release containing typically one or more VideoScreenCapture Image Resources.

 

VideoSingle

A Release with a short total Duration, typically containing one or two ShortFormVideos.

 

VideoTrackRelease

A Release containing normally one Video.

 

WallpaperRelease

A Release containing a Resource for use as a Wallpaper.

 5.10 Resource Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

ResourceType

A Type of Resource.

 

Image

A still visual Recording or illustration of an object. Examples: a Photograph or a GraphicImage.

 

MIDI

A Set of computer instructions which enables a sound processor to generate sounds (using the Musical Instrument Digital Interface as defined by the MIDI Manufacturers Association (MMA)).

 

SheetMusic

A hand-written or printed form of musical notation.

 

Software

A program that enables a Computer to perform a specific task(s).

 

SoundRecording

An audio Recording.

 

Text

A written Manifestation. Examples: the Lyrics of a MusicalWork or the Text of an interview.

 

UserDefinedResource

A Resource which is UserDefined.

 

Video

An audio-visual Recording.

 5.11 Rights Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
RightsTypeA Type of Right
 MakeAvailableRight

The Right to make a Work available to the public.

 MechanicalRight

The Right to record and distribute a Work on a Carrier.     

 

PerformingRight

The Right to perform a Work. This is, to present a Work by action such as playing, reciting, singing, or projecting to the public in their presence.

 

PrintRight

The Right to make a visual copy of a Work (and distribute it).

 

ReproductionRight 

The Right to make a physical reproduction of a Work.
 SynchronizationRight

The Right to include and combine a Work either completely or in parts in timed relation with Works of other types for the making of an audio-visual or multimedia Creation or a database.

 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.

 5.12 Role Code

lowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
Role CodeA Role played by a Party.
 AdapterAn Author of an adapted Creation such as a MusicalWork or other Work. The adapted Creation may or may not result in a new copyright Creation.
 ArchitectA Designer of a building.
 ArrangerA modifier of musical components of a Work. Note: The arranged MusicalWork may or may not result in a new copyright Creation.
 AuthorA Creator of written or spoken words which form part of a Resource.
 AuthorInQuotationsA Party largely quoted in works, but which is not a direct Contributor.
 AuthorOfAfterwordAn Author of an afterword.
 CompilerA Party creating a work by selecting, arranging, aggregating, and editing other works.
 ComposerA Creator of the musical elements of a MusicalWork. 
 ComposerLyricistA Creator that plays the roles of Composer and Lyricist of a MusicalWork.
 ConceptorA Party on whose original idea a Work is based.
 CreatorA Maker of a Creation.
 DialogueAuthorAn Author of dialogues.
 DissertantA Person presenting a thesis for an academic degree.
 EngraverA Creator of a print from an engraved printing plate.
 EtcherA Creator of a print from an etched printing plate.
 JournalistA Creator of an article for a magazine or a newspaper or other journalistic material.
 LandscapeArchitectA Designer of a land features and structures (e.g. in a park).
 LibrettistA Creator of a libretto.
 LithographerA Creator of a print using lithography.
 LyricistA Creator of the Lyrics of a MusicalWork.
 MetalEngraverA Creator of an engraved piece of metal (mainly for decorative purposes).
 NonLyricAuthorA Creator of written or spoken words other than Lyrics. 
 PlateMakerA Creator of a print using a plate.
 PlaywrightA Creator of a stageplay.
 ReporterA Creator of an account of an Event.
 ReviewerA Party who is responsible for the review of a Creation.
 RubricatorA Facsimilist specializing in rubrication.
 ScreenplayAuthorA Creator of a screenplay.
 SculptorA Creator of a sculpture.
 SubArrangerA Creator of arrangements made on behalf of a SubPublisher.
 SubLyricistA Creator who substitutes or modifies the existing Lyrics of a MusicalWork.
 TranslatorA Party that translates Lyrics and/or Text from one Language into another. This is also known as sub-Lyricist.
 WoodcutterA Creator of a print using woodcuts.
 WoodEngraverA Creator of a print using wood engravings.
 WriterOfAccompanyingMaterialA Creator of textual material that accompanies audio or audiovisual material.
 BookPublisherA Publisher of books.
 CopyrightClaimantA Party listed as copyright owner at the time of registration.
 CopyrightHolderA Party to whom copyright has been granted or transferred.
 MusicPublisherA Party that enters into contracts and/or assignments with composer(s) in respect of their copyright MusicalWorks and in return for a proportion of the royalties generated from their use, undertakes work on behalf of the composer(s) including but not limited to promoting the usage of the Works, licensing their use, collecting and distributing royalties and developing writing partnerships with other composer(s). This term includes OriginalPublisher and SubPublisher. 
 NewspaperPublisherA Publisher of newspapers.
 OriginalPublisherA RightsController who is assigned rights directly by the writer (as opposed to by another publisher). Note that a writer may have zero, one or many OriginalPublishers.
 PeriodicalPublisherA Publisher of periodicals (e.g. magazines, journals).
 SubPublisherA Party which has acquired, by Agreement with a MusicPublisher, Rights in one or more MusicalWorks for a specified Territory and Period. Note: This includes Rights which are passed to subsidiaries or affiliates of a larger Organization.
 SubstitutedPublisherA Party acting on behalf of a MusicPublisher or other controller of Rights in a MusicalWork.
 UserDefinedA Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 AccompanyistA Party who plays a musical Instrument while another Person is singing (or playing another instrument).
 ActorA Party who performs spoken word or mime.
 AdditionalEngineerAn Engineer that has worked on a smaller percentage of a project tham the main Engineer.
 AdditionalMixingEngineerA SoundEngineer responsible for contributing additional mixes to a recording.
 AdditionalPerformerA Performer that is not a LeadPerformer.
 AdditionalProgrammingEngineerAn ProgrammingEngineer that has worked on a smaller percentage of a project than the main ProgrammingEngineer.
 AdditionalStudioProducerA StudioProducer who makes a minor additional contribution to a recording.
 AnchorPersonA Party acting as the central moderator of a program.
 AnimalTrainerA Party who trains and looks after animals.
 AnimatorA Party who creates an animated work.
 AnnotatorA Party who makes annotations on a manuscript.
 AnnouncerA Party reading news or describing events.
 AAndRAdministratorA Party handling the administrative elements of the A&R department and maintaining the budgets for artists signed to a label by working with accounting and legal personnel.
 AAndRCoordinatorA Party responsible for searching new Artists for a record label (artist and repertoire coordinator).
 ArmourerA Party responsible for the supply and safety of weapons in a production.
 ArtCopyistA Creator of a copy of a piece of art.
 ArtDirectorA Director who oversees the Artists and craftspeople who build the sets.
 ArtistA principal Contributor to a Performance of a MusicalWork or a NonMusicalWork that results in the creation of a Resource, or a principal creative Contributor to a Resource that is not a result of a Performance. Note: Used for naming groups as well as individuals.
 ArtistBackgroundVocalEngineerAn Engineer responsible for the recording of Artist Background Vocals.
 ArtistVocalEngineerAn Engineer responsible for the process of recording vocals on a project and dealing with technical issues and decisions. He or she operates the recording equipment (or supervises the operation of the recording equipment) during vocal Performances and makes aesthetic choices in order to obtain the sound and concepts the artist and producer are looking for. 
 ArtistVocalSecondEngineerAn assistant of an ArtistVocalEngineer.
 AssistantCameraOperatorAn assistant of a CameraOperator.
 AssistantChiefLightingTechnicianA Party who is the second head of the LightingTechnicians.
 AssistantConductorAn assistant of a Conductor. An AssistantConductor is not a subordinate to the Conductor, but rather a collaborator or at least on a somewhat equal level.
 AssistantDirectorAn assistant of a Director.
 AssistantEditorAn assistant of an Editor (aka editorial assistant). This role is both an editorial and an administrative role.
 AssistantEngineerAn Engineer responsible for assisting another Engineer(s). They often keep all logs of Sessions and materials and operate equipment. They should also have enough engineering skills that they can step in for an Engineer in case of an absence.
 AssistantProducerA Party who is delegated some area of responsibility on a project, but reports to the Producer or CoProducer(s) (aka additional producer).
 AssistantVisualEditorAn assitant of a VisualEditor.
 AssociatedPerformerAn Artist commonly associated with a Work as one of its Performers, and whose identity is only used for accurate Work identification.
 AssociateProducerA junior Producer.
 AuralTrainerA Party who trains Performers in the development of aural skills.
 BackgroundVocalistA Party who sings in the background.
 BalanceEngineerA Party primary or actively responsible for the process of recording and/or mixing a project as well as technical issues and decisions. The Engineer operates (or oversees the operation of) the equipment during the recording process and makes creative and aesthetic choices in collaboration with the Artist and producer in order to realize the sounds and concepts envisioned for the project. In the classical world, this is often referred to as a balance engineer.
 BandLeaderThe principal member of a MusicGroup.
 BinderA Party who binds an item.
 BindingDesignerA Designer of a book binding.
 BookDesignerA Designer of a book (including arrangement of type and illustration, choice of materials, etc.).
 BookjackDesignerA Designer of a dust jacket for a book.
 BookplateDesignerA Designer of a bookplate (an identification label commonly on the inside front cover of books).
 BookProducerA producer of a book.
 BroadcastAssistantA Party providing general support in the production of a radio programme.
 BroadcastJournalistA Party working as a Journalist for a broadcast programme.
 CalligrapherA Creator of artistic handwriting or lettering.
 CameraOperatorA Party operating a camera.
 CarpenterA Party who carries out woodwork.
 CartographerA Creator of a map or other cartographic work.
 CartoonistA Creator of a cartoon.
 CastingDirectorA Party selecting talent (Actors, singers, Dancers, etc.).
 CauseurA Party who gives an informal lecture, typically on radio.
 CensorAn Editor who examines Creations and removes objectionable content.
 ChiefLightingTechnicianA Party who is the head of the LightingTechnicians.
 ChoirA group of Parties who perform vocally together. Typically, Choirs consist of at least 2 people in an combination of different vocal ranges.
 ChoirMemberA member of a Choir.
 ChoreographerA Creator of a dance.
 ChorusMasterA Conductor who directs Vocalists in a Choir.
 CircusArtistAn Artist with skills that are typical for circus performances.
 ClapperLoaderA Party who operates the clapboard at the beginning of a shot.
 ClubDJA Party who announces and plays recorded music in a music club.
 CoDirectorA Director who is sharing some or all of a director's responsabilities with a Director or another CoDirector.
 CoExecutiveProducerAn ExecutiveProducer who is not the only ExecutiveProducer.
 ColorSeparatorA Party responsible for separating the original artwork into individual color components for printing.
 ComedianAn Artist who makes people laugh (by telling funny stories or by acting).
 CoMixerOne of a group of Artists who creates an original master album or single mix.
 CoMixingEngineerA Party who is sharing some or all of a mixing engineer's responsabilities with a MixingEngineer or another CoMixer.
 CommentatorA Party who provides interpretation, analysis, or a discussion of a subject matter.
 CommissioningBroadcasterA Party commissioning material for a broadcast programme.
 CompilationProducerA producer responsible for supervising and/or exercising control over the work assigned to other Producers, Engineers, and others on the project.
 ComputerGraphicCreatorA Creator of computer graphics.
 ComputerProgrammerA Creator of a computer program.
 ConcertMasterThe leader of the first violin section in an Orchestra.
 ConductorA Party who leads or conducts a Performance by a group of Musicians.
 ConsultantA Party giving professional advice on matters of production technique or on content who does not appear in the programme.
 ContinuityCheckerA Party who checks the continuity of a series of camera shots.
 ContractorA Party who is hired to perform work.
 CoProducerA producer who is sharing some or all of a producer's responsabilities with a Producer or another CoProducer.
 CorrespondentA Party who is the writer of a letter or other communication.
 CostumeDesignerA Designer of a costume.
 CoverDesignerA Designer of a cover.
 DancerA Party who performs a dance.
 DelineatorA Creator of technical drawings derived from designs made by other people.
 DesignerA Creator of a design.
 DialogueCoachA Party who helps train an Actor in diction and/or the use of dialects.
 DialogueDirectorA Party responsible for assembling, synchronizing, and editing all the dialogues in a film or television production.
 DigitalAudioWorkstationEngineerAn Engineer is responsible for the operation of a Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) during recording and mix sessions including the archiving and maintenance of the recorded material (basically data files). The DigitalAudioWorkstationEngineer is not generally called upon to make major aesthetic judgments.
 DigitalEditingEngineerAn Engineer responsible for operating equipment for editing (in today‚Äôs world generally a digital audio workstation). They can, from time to time, be called on to make aesthetic choices.
 DigitalEditingSecondEngineerAn assistant of a DigitalEditingEngineer.
 DirectorA Party who leads or supervises actors, e.g. in the prodution of a movie.
 DirectStreamDigitalEngineerA Party responsible for the functioning and maintenance of digital recordings using Direct Stream Digital format equipment.
 DistributionCompanyAn Organization responsible for delivering material provided by a ProductionCompany.
 DJA Party who announces and plays recorded music.
 DraughtsmanA Creator of a plan for constructing something.
 DresserA Party who helps an Actor to put on and take off a costume.
 DubberA Creator who adds the dubbing into a Resource.
 EditorA Party responsible for the preparation of a publication.
 EditorInChiefThe head of editorial staff.
 EditorOfTheDayA Party responsible for the preparation of a news broadcast of the day.
 EncoderA Creator processing and encoding a Resource for distribution.
 EngineerA Party that is responsible for technical aspects. This includes RecordingEngineer, but may also cover roles in other content production processes.
 EnsembleA group of two or more Parties performing a MusicalWork together. Note: An Ensemble may be of any size or any grouping of Performers from a vocal duo to a full orchestra.
 ExecutiveProducerA Party who secures funding for a project. He or she may be responsible for the overall concept. He or she may monitor the project from time to time to ensure that the producer and Artist are on track.
 ExpertA Party who contributes his expertise to a programme.
 FacsimilistA Creator of a copy.
 FightDirectorA Director responsible for the choreography of fight scenes.
 FilmDirectorA Director of a movie.
 FilmDistributorA Publisher of films.
 FilmEditorA Party who edits an audio-visual production for publishing.
 FilmProducerA Party (individual or company) that is responsible for the financing of an audio-visual production.
 FilmSoundEngineerA Party that is responsible for (part of) the soundtrack used in an audio-visual Resource.
 FloorManagerA Party acting on the studio floor on behalf of the Director.
 FocusPullerA CameraOperator who adjusts the focus of the camera.
 FoleyArtistA Party who creates incidental sound effects in post-production.
 FoleyEditorA Party who edits sound effects created by a FoleyArtist.
 FoleyMixerA SoundMixer who works with a FoleyArtist to create sound effects.
 GraphicArtistA Creator of a drawing.
 GraphicAssistantA Party drawing pictures or picture elements as content for programmes.
 GraphicDesignerA Designer of graphical elements.
 GreensmanA Party procuring and maintaining vegetation on a set.
 GripA Party supporting CameraOperators and LightingTechnicians with specialized equipment (e.g. camera cranes).
 GuestConductorA Conductor who is working with an Orchestra on a temporary basis.
 GroupMemberA Person that is a member of a MusicGroup.
 HairdresserA Party who prepares the hair of an Actor.
 IllustratorA Creator of an illustration.
 ImmersiveMixingEngineerA MixingEngineer that is particularly working on mixes beyond stereo, inclusive of surround sound.
 InitialProducerA Party that initiates the creation of a SoundRecording or Resource and is sometimes referred to as a commissioning rights holder. An InitialProducer may be a Person or an Organization and the term contrasts with the role of a StudioProducer.
 InterviewedGuestA Party who is interviewed.
 InterviewerA Party who interviews, i.e. talks to somebody for the purpose of eliciting his opinions.
 KeyCharacterA central or primary Character in a storyline.
 KeyGripA Party who is the head of the Grips.
 KeyTalentA Party performing as a leading character.
 LeadmanA Party who is responsible for the crew in charge of the set decoration.
 LeadPerformerA Performer that plays the role of the protagonist in a film or play.
 LeadVocalistA Party who is a lead Vocalist.
 LightingDirectorA Party responsible for the lighting.
 LightingTechnicianA Party operating lighting equipment.
 LocationManagerA Party managing all aspects relating to filming in specific places.
 MakeUpArtistA Party who prepares the make up of an Actor.
 ManufacturerA Party responsible for manufacturing a device or a piece of technical equipment.
 MasteringEngineerAn Engineer who is the last creative bridge between the mix process and the distribution process. He or she generally works with a final mix of a project and makes final adjustments to the sound before distribution while maintaining the vision of the artist, producer and label.
 MasteringSecondEngineerAn assistant of a MasteringEngineer (aka assistant mastering engineer).
 MatteArtistA Party who creates artworks used in making scenery and locations that do not exist.
 MixerAn Artist who creates an original master album or single mix.
 MixingEngineerAn Engineer combining different audio recording elements into a final version. 
 MixingSecondEngineerAn assistant of a MixingEngineer (aka assistant mixing engineer).
 MusicArrangerAn Arranger who adds the final touches or subtle nuances to the musical arrangement of a recording.
 MusicCopyistA Creator of a copy of a Composer or Arranger's manuscript.
 MusicDirectorA Director responsible for music in the production of a film or a radio program.
 MusicGroupA group of individuals who perform vocally and/or instrumentally together.
 MusicianA Party who performs a MusicalWork either vocally or instrumentally.
 NarratorA Party who tells a story or gives an account of an event.
 NewsProducerA producer of a news program.
 NewsReaderA Party who reads news stories.
 NotSpecifiedA Type used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is known, but not specified.
 OrchestraA large group of Parties performing a MusicalWork together, predominantly using musical instruments rather than voice. An Orchestra is typically led by a Conductor.
 OrchestraMemberA member of an Orchestra.
 OriginalArtistAn Artist who is an original Artist.
 OverdubEngineerAn Engineer combining different audio recordings into an overdub.
 OverdubSecondEngineerAn assistant of an OverdubEngineer.
 PainterA Creator of a painting.
 PerformerA performer of a Work.
 PhotographerA Creator of a Photograph.
 PhotographyDirectorA Director responsible for photography (aka director of photgraphy or cinematographer).
 PlaybackSingerA Party who sings songs to be mimed in films by Actors.
 PostProducerA producer responsible for post-production processes.
 PreProductionA producer responsible for pre-production processes.
 PreProductionEngineerAn Engineer involved in pre-production processes.
 PreProductionSecondEngineerAn assistant of a PreProductionEngineer
 PresenterA Party presenting a program.
 PrimaryMusicianA Party who performs a MusicalWork either vocally or instrumentally and would be considered the principal Contributor for the piece.
 ProductionAssistantA Party that provides only administrative support for a Producer.
 ProductionCompanyAn Organization responsible for a production (also called a production house).
 ProductionCoordinatorA Party who coordinates the activities around preparing a physical or digital Release.
 ProductionDepartmentA department of a ProductionCompany responsible for a production.
 ProductionManagerA Person who coordinates a production.
 ProductionSecretaryA Party providing secretarial support in a production.
 ProjectEngineerAn Engineer involved in a recording Project.
 ProgrammerA Party using electronic devices, such as sequencers, to generate sounds of musical Instruments in a music production.
 ProgrammingEngineerA Party responsible for the functioning and maintenance of digital recorders and digital audio workstations. 
 ProgramProducerA producer of a program, e.g. a TV or radio program. 
 PropertyManagerA Party responsible for purchasing, acquiring and/or manufacturing anything needed for a production.
 PublishingDirectorA Party responsible for the coherence and continuity of a publication.
 PuppeteerA Party who operates puppets in a Performance.
 PyrotechnicianA Party operating equipment to produce fire and explosions.
 RecordingEngineerA Party supervising the technical aspects of a sound or video RecordingSession.
 RecordingSecondEngineerAn assistant of a RecordingEngineer (aka assistant recording engineer).
 RedactorAn Editor who prepares text for publication.
 ReissueProducerA producer of a reissue of a SoundRecording.
 RemixedArtistAn Artist whose work has been remixed.
 RemixerAn Artist who creates a finished product that is different from the original master album or single mix, e.g. a Dance Remix, Radio Remix, Rock Remix.
 RemixingEngineerA MixingEngineer who creates a finished product that is different from the original master album or single mix, e.g. a Dance Remix, Radio Remix, Rock Remix.
 RemixingSecondEngineerAn assistant of a RemixingEngineer.
 RepetiteurA Party who coaches ballet Dancers or opera singers.
 ResearcherA Party responsible for researching a project (e.g. gathering ideas, background information etc.).
 ResearchTeamHeadThe head of a team of Researchers.
 ResearchTeamMemberA member of a team of Researchers.
 RestagerA Party responsible for restaging a Work (with minimal contribution to the content).
 RiggerA Grip operating equipment to satisfy rigging needs on a set.
 RightsControllerOnProductA RightsController as it appears on a Product.
 RunnerA Party who is a junior member of the production team doing all kinds of supporting jobs.
 ScenicOperativeA Party in charge of a studio set.
 ScientificAdvisorA Party providing scientific advice.
 ScriptSupervisorA Party who tracks the progress of a production based on a script.
 SecondAssistantCameraOperatorAn assistant of an AssistantCameraOperator.
 SecondAssistantDirectorAn assistant of an AssistantDirector.
 SecondConductorA subordinate to a Conductor.
 SecondEngineerA subordinate to an Engineer.
 SecondUnitDirectorA Director in charge of the second unit in a film production.
 SeriesProducerA Party (individual or company) that is responsible for the production of a series.
 SetDesignerA Designer, also known as a stage designer, who is in charge of designing and creating the sets that appear in films, on television programmes as well as in the theatre.
 SetDresserA Party in charge of decorating a set in a production.
 SignLanguageInterpreterA Party translating spoken words into sign language.
 SoloistA Party who performs the featured Part of a MusicalWork (or a section of it) alone or with only supporting accompaniment. 
 SoundDesignerA Party responsible for sound production.
 SoundMixerA Party operating audio equipment to capture sound.
 SoundRecordistA Party operating audio equipment to record sound.
 SoundSupervisorA Party oversees the work of all sound personnel on multi-camera productions. During live programmes they are responsible for mixing sound sources for immediate transmission.
 SpeakerA Party who performs using his voice without singing.
 SpecialEffectsTechnicianA Party creating special effects.
 SponsorA Party giving financial support for an Event or a Creation.
 StageAssistantEngineerAn assistant of a StageEngineer.
 StageDirectorA Director of a stageplay.
 StageEngineerAn Party, also called the monitor engineer, who is responsible for the operation of the monitor mixing console, maintenance and repair of a band's in-ears, onstage, and backline gear.
 StoryTellerA Performer relaying a story with dramatic or theatrical interpretation.
 StringEngineerAn Engineer responsible for the process of recording an Orchestra on a project and dealing with technical issues and decisions. The StringEngineer operates the recording equipment (or oversees the operation of the recording equipment) during orchestral Performances and makes aesthetic choices in order to get the sound and concepts the artist and producer are looking for.
 StringProducerA StudioProducer working with the individual instruments/elements of the recording and not the overall production.
 StringsDirectorA director in charge of the performance of the strings section of an Orchestra.
 StudioConductorA Party working as a Conductor in a studio.
 StudioMusicianA Party who performs a MusicalWork either vocally or instrumentally in a studio.
 StudioPersonnelA Party who is employed in a studio and contributes to the making of a Resource.
 StudioProducerA Party who directs, and has overall creative and technical oversight of, the entire recording project and the individual recording sessions that are a part of the project. The StudioProducer participates in and/or supervises the recording session and works directly with the Artist, Musicians and Engineers. The StudioProducer makes creative, technical and aesthetic decisions that realize the goals of both the Artist and the SoundRecording CopyrightHolder in the creation of musical content. The producer may perform, direct Performances, choose final takes or versions, and oversees the selection of songs, Musicians, singers, Arrangers, studios, etc. The StudioProducer in collaboration with the artist, assigns credits to Performers and technical personnel, and is responsible for supplying accurate crediting information to the record label or media company as official documentation. Other duties of the StudioProducer may include, but are not limited to, overseeing other staffing needs, keeping budgets and schedules, adhering to deadlines, supervising mastering and overall quality control. Note: a StudioProducer is a Person and thus may contrast with the role of an InitialProducer.
 StuntsA Party performing stunts.
 SubtitlesEditorA Party that is responsible for the creation of SubTitles/captions.
 SubtitlesTranslatorA Translator of SubTitles.
 SupportingActorAn Actor playing a secondary role.
 SurroundMixingEngineerA MixingEngineer responsible for SurroundSound.
 SurroundMixingSecondEngineerAn assistant of a MixingEngineer responsible for SurroundSound.
 TapeOperatorA Party in charge of cueing and preparing video inserts into a program.
 TechnicalDirectorA Party responsible for technical aspects of a production.
 TonmeisterAn Engineer who is a graduate of an official Tonmeister program that includes score reading and electronics training as well education in recording, mixing and editing techniques.
 TrackingEngineerA Party supervising the technical aspects of a tracking Session.
 TrackingSecondEngineerAn assistant of a TrackingEngineer.
 TransfersAndSafetiesEngineerA Party supervising the technical aspects of a transfers and safeties Session.
 TransfersAndSafetiesSecondEngineerAn assistant of a Transfers&SafetiesEngineer.
 TransportationManagerA Party responsible for managing drivers and co-ordinating the transportation in a production.
 Treatment/ProgramProposalA Party writing summaries of various aspects of a production.
 TypeDesignerA Creator of a typeface.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
  A Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.
 VideoDirectorA Director of a Video.
 VideographerA Party in charge of a video production.
 VideoMusicalDirectorA Party responsible for a music video production. The VideoMusicalDirector conceives artistic and dramatic aspects while instructing the musical act, technical crew, actors, models, and dancers.
 VideoProducerA Party (individual or company) that is responsible for the financing of a Video.
 VisionMixerA Party operating video equipment to mix video feeds.
 VisualEditorAn Editor who prepares video or film footage.
 VisualEffectsTechnicianA Party producing visual effects.
 VocalArrangerAn Arranger who adds the final touches or subtle nuances to the vocal arrangement of a recording.
 VocalEditingEngineerAn Engineer responsible for editing the vocal elements of a recording.
 VocalEditingSecondEngineerAn assistant of an Engineer responsible for editing the vocal elements of a recording.
 VocalEngineerAn Engineer responsible for the capture of the vocal elements of a recording.
 VocalistA Party who performs a MusicalWork vocally.
 VocalSecondEngineerAn assistant to the VocalEngineer.
 VocalProducerA producer with overall creative and technical control of the vocal recording on a project and the individual RecordingSessions that are a part of that project. He or she is present in the recording studio or at the location recording and works directly with the vocalist(s) and engineer. The VocalProducer makes creative and aesthetic decisions that realize the goals of both the artist and the label goals in the creation of the vocals.
 VoiceActorA Party who performs using his voice.
 WardrobeA Party responsible for managing clothes and/or costumes.

 5.13 Territory

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

Territory

A code representing a Territory. This includes ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes, CISAC TIS codes, plus a code for Worldwide.

 

AD

Andorra (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AE

The United Arab Emirates (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AF

Afghanistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AG

Antigua and Barbuda (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AI

Anguilla (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AL

Albania (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AM

Armenia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AN

Netherlands Antilles (Source:ISO 3166-1). This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

AO

Angola (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AQ

Antarctica (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AR

Argentina (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AS

American Samoa (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AT

Austria (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AU

Australia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AW

Aruba (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AX

Åland Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

AZ

Azerbaijan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BA

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BB

Barbados (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BD

Bangladesh (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BE

Belgium (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BF

Burkina Faso (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BG

Bulgaria (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BH

Bahrain (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BI

Burundi (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BJ

Benin (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BL

Saint Barthélemy (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BM

Bermuda (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BN

Brunei (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BO

Bolivia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BQ

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BR

Brazil (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BS

The Bahamas (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BT

Bhutan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BV

Bouvet Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BW

Botswana (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BY

Belarus (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

BZ

Belize (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CA

Canada (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CC

Cocos Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CD

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CF

The Central African Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CG

The Congo (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CH

Switzerland (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CI

Côte d'Ivoire (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CK

Cook Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CL

Chile (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CM

Cameroon (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CN

China (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CO

Colombia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CR

Costa Rica (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CS

Czechslovakia (until 1993) or Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006) (Source:ISO 3166-1). This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

CU

Cuba (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CV

Cape Verde (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CW

Curaçao (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CX

Christmas Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CY

Cyprus (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

CZ

Czechia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

DE

Germany (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

DJ

Djibouti (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

DK

Denmark (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

DM

Dominica (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

DO

The Dominican Republic (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

DZ

Algeria (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

EC

Ecuador (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

EE

Estonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

EG

Egypt (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

EH

Western Sahara (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ER

Eritrea (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ES

Spain (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 ES-CECeuta, Spain (Source:ISO 3166-2).
 ES-CNCanary Islands, Spain (Source:ISO 3166-2).
 ES-MLMelilla, Spain (Source:ISO 3166-2).
 

ET

Ethiopia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

FI

Finland (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

FJ

Fiji (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

FK

Falkland Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

FM

Micronesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

FO

Faroe Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

FR

France (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GA

Gabon (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GB

The United Kingdom (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GD

Grenada (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GE

Georgia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GF

French Guiana (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GG

Guernsey (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GH

Ghana (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GI

Gibraltar (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GL

Greenland (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GM

The Gambia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GN

Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GP

Guadeloupe (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GQ

Equatorial Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GR

Greece (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GS

South Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GT

Guatemala (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GU

Guam (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GW

Guinea-Bissau (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

GY

Guyana (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

HK

Hong Kong (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

HM

Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

HN

Honduras (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

HR

Croatia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

HT

Haiti (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

HU

Hungary (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ID

Indonesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IE

Ireland (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IL

Israel (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IM

Isle of Man (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IN

India (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IO

The British Indian Ocean Territory (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IQ

Iraq (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IR

Iran (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IS

Iceland (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

IT

Italy (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

JE

Jersey (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

JM

Jamaica (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

JO

Jordan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

JP

Japan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KE

Kenya (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KG

Kyrgyzstan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KH

Cambodia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KI

Kiribati (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KM

The Comoros (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KN

Saint Kitts and Nevis (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KP

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KR

The Republic of Korea (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KW

Kuwait (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KY

Cayman Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

KZ

Kazakhstan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LA

Laos (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LB

Lebanon (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LC

Saint Lucia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LI

Liechtenstein (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LK

Sri Lanka (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LR

Liberia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LS

Lesotho (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LT

Lithuania (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LU

Luxembourg (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LV

Latvia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

LY

Libya (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MA

Morocco (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MC

Monaco (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MD

Moldova (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ME

Montenegro (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MF

Saint Martin (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MG

Madagascar (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MH

The Marshall Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MK

Macedonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ML

Mali (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MM

Myanmar (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MN

Mongolia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MO

Macao (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MP

Northern Mariana Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MQ

Martinique (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MR

Mauritania (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MS

Montserrat (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MT

Malta (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MU

Mauritius (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MV

Maldives (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MW

Malawi (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MX

Mexico (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MY

Malaysia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

MZ

Mozambique (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NA

Namibia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NC

New Caledonia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NE

The Niger (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NF

Norfolk Island (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NG

Nigeria (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NI

Nicaragua (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NL

The Netherlands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NO

Norway (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NP

Nepal (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NR

Nauru (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NU

Niue (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

NZ

New Zealand (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

OM

Oman (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PA

Panama (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PE

Peru (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PF

French Polynesia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PG

Papua New Guinea (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PH

The Philippines (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PK

Pakistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PL

Poland (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PM

Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PN

Pitcairn (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PR

Puerto Rico (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PS

The Occupied Palestinian Territory (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PT

Portugal (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PW

Palau (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

PY

Paraguay (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

QA

Qatar (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

RE

Réunion (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

RO

Romania (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

RS

Serbia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

RU

Russia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

RW

Rwanda (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SA

Saudi Arabia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SB

Solomon Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SC

Seychelles (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SD

The Sudan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SE

Sweden (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SG

Singapore (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SH

Saint Helena (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SI

Slovenia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SJ

Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SK

Slovakia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SL

Sierra Leone (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SM

San Marino (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SN

Senegal (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SO

Somalia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SR

Suriname (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SS

South Soudan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ST

Sao Tome and Principe (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SV

El Salvador (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SX

Sint Maarten (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SY

Syria (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

SZ

Eswatini (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TC

Turks and Caicos Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TD

Chad (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TF

The French Southern Territories (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TG

Togo (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TH

Thailand (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TJ

Tajikistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TK

Tokelau (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TL

Timor-Leste (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TM

Turkmenistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TN

Tunisia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TO

Tonga (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TR

Turkey (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TT

Trinidad and Tobago (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TV

Tuvalu (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TW

Taiwan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

TZ

Tanzania (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

UA

Ukraine (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

UG

Uganda (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

UM

United States Minor Outlying Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

US

The United States (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

UY

Uruguay (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

UZ

Uzbekistan (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VA

The Holy See (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VC

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VE

Venezuela (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VG

British Virgin Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VI

US Virgin Islands (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VN

Viet Nam (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

VU

Vanuatu (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

WF

Wallis and Futuna (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

WS

Samoa (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

YE

Yemen (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

YT

Mayotte (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ZA

South Africa (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ZM

Zambia (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

ZW

Zimbabwe (Source:ISO 3166-1).

 

4

Afghanistan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

8

Albania (Source: TIS Standard).

 

12

Algeria (Source: TIS Standard).

 

20

Andorra (Source: TIS Standard).

 

24

Angola (Source: TIS Standard).

 

28

Antigua And Barbuda (Source: TIS Standard).

 

31

Azerbaijan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

32

Argentina (Source: TIS Standard).

 

36

Australia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

40

Austria (Source: TIS Standard).

 

44

Bahamas (Source: TIS Standard).

 

48

Bahrain (Source: TIS Standard).

 

50

Bangladesh (Source: TIS Standard).

 

51

Armenia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

52

Barbados (Source: TIS Standard).

 

56

Belgium (Source: TIS Standard).

 

64

Bhutan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

68

Bolivia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

70

Bosnia And Herzegovina (Source: TIS Standard).

 

72

Botswana (Source: TIS Standard).

 

76

Brazil (Source: TIS Standard).

 

84

Belize (Source: TIS Standard).

 

90

Solomon Islands (Source: TIS Standard).

 

96

Brunei Darussalam (Source: TIS Standard).

 

100

Bulgaria (Source: TIS Standard).

 

104

Myanmar (Source: TIS Standard).

 

108

Burundi (Source: TIS Standard).

 

112

Belarus (Source: TIS Standard).

 

116

Cambodia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

120

Cameroon (Source: TIS Standard).

 

124

Canada (Source: TIS Standard).

 

132

Cape Verde (Source: TIS Standard).

 

140

Central African Republic (Source: TIS Standard).

 

144

Sri Lanka (Source: TIS Standard).

 

148

Chad (Source: TIS Standard).

 

152

Chile (Source: TIS Standard).

 

156

China (Source: TIS Standard).

 

158

Taiwan, Province of China (Source: TIS Standard).

 

170

Colombia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

174

Comoros (Source: TIS Standard).

 

178

Congo (Source: TIS Standard).

 

180

Congo, The Democratic Republic of The (Source: TIS Standard).

 

188

Costa Rica (Source: TIS Standard).

 

191

Croatia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

192

Cuba (Source: TIS Standard).

 

196

Cyprus (Source: TIS Standard).

 

200

Czechoslovakia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

203

Czechia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

204

Benin (Source: TIS Standard).

 

208

Denmark (Source: TIS Standard).

 

212

Dominica (Source: TIS Standard).

 

214

Dominican Republic (Source: TIS Standard).

 

218

Ecuador (Source: TIS Standard).

 

222

El Salvador (Source: TIS Standard).

 

226

Equatorial Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).

 

230

Ethiopia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

231

Ethiopia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

232

Eritrea (Source: TIS Standard).

 

233

Estonia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

242

Fiji (Source: TIS Standard).

 

246

Finland (Source: TIS Standard).

 

250

France (Source: TIS Standard).

 

258

French Polynesia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

262

Djibouti (Source: TIS Standard).

 

266

Gabon (Source: TIS Standard).

 

268

Georgia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

270

Gambia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

276

Germany (after 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).

 

278

German Democratic Republic (Source: TIS Standard).

 

280

Germany (before 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).

 

288

Ghana (Source: TIS Standard).

 

296

Kiribati (Source: TIS Standard).

 

300

Greece (Source: TIS Standard).

 

308

Grenada (Source: TIS Standard).

 

320

Guatemala (Source: TIS Standard).

 

324

Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).

 

328

Guyana (Source: TIS Standard).

 

332

Haiti (Source: TIS Standard).

 

336

Holy See (Vatican City State) (Source: TIS Standard).

 

340

Honduras (Source: TIS Standard).

 

344

Hong Kong (Source: TIS Standard).

 

348

Hungary (Source: TIS Standard).

 

352

Iceland (Source: TIS Standard).

 

356

India (Source: TIS Standard).

 

360

Indonesia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

364

Iran, Islamic Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

368

Iraq (Source: TIS Standard).

 

372

Ireland (Source: TIS Standard).

 

376

Israel (Source: TIS Standard).

 

380

Italy (Source: TIS Standard).

 

384

Cote D'Ivoire (Source: TIS Standard).

 

388

Jamaica (Source: TIS Standard).

 

392

Japan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

398

Kazakhstan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

400

Jordan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

404

Kenya (Source: TIS Standard).

 

408

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

410

Korea, Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

414

Kuwait (Source: TIS Standard).

 

417

Kyrgyzstan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

418

Lao People's Democratic Republic (Source: TIS Standard).

 

422

Lebanon (Source: TIS Standard).

 

426

Lesotho (Source: TIS Standard).

 

428

Latvia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

430

Liberia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

434

Libya (Source: TIS Standard).

 

438

Liechtenstein (Source: TIS Standard).

 

440

Lithuania (Source: TIS Standard).

 

442

Luxembourg (Source: TIS Standard).

 

450

Madagascar (Source: TIS Standard).

 

454

Malawi (Source: TIS Standard).

 

458

Malaysia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

462

Maldives (Source: TIS Standard).

 

466

Mali (Source: TIS Standard).

 

470

Malta (Source: TIS Standard).

 

478

Mauritania (Source: TIS Standard).

 

480

Mauritius (Source: TIS Standard).

 

484

Mexico (Source: TIS Standard).

 

492

Monaco (Source: TIS Standard).

 

496

Mongolia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

498

Moldova, Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

499

Montenegro (Source: TIS Standard).

 

504

Morocco (Source: TIS Standard).

 

508

Mozambique (Source: TIS Standard).

 

512

Oman (Source: TIS Standard).

 

516

Namibia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

520

Nauru (Source: TIS Standard).

 

524

Nepal (Source: TIS Standard).

 

528

Netherlands (Source: TIS Standard).

 

540

New Caledonia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

548

Vanuatu (Source: TIS Standard).

 

554

New Zealand (Source: TIS Standard).

 

558

Nicaragua (Source: TIS Standard).

 

562

Niger (Source: TIS Standard).

 

566

Nigeria (Source: TIS Standard).

 

578

Norway (Source: TIS Standard).

 

583

Micronesia, Federated States of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

584

Marshall Islands (Source: TIS Standard).

 

585

Palau (Source: TIS Standard).

 

586

Pakistan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

591

Panama (Source: TIS Standard).

 

598

Papua New Guinea (Source: TIS Standard).

 

600

Paraguay (Source: TIS Standard).

 

604

Peru (Source: TIS Standard).

 

608

Philippines (Source: TIS Standard).

 

616

Poland (Source: TIS Standard).

 

620

Portugal (Source: TIS Standard).

 

624

Guinea-Bissau (Source: TIS Standard).

 

626

Timor-Leste (Source: TIS Standard).

 

630

Puerto Rico (Source: TIS Standard).

 

634

Qatar (Source: TIS Standard).

 

642

Romania (Source: TIS Standard).

 

643

Russian Federation (Source: TIS Standard).

 

646

Rwanda (Source: TIS Standard).

 

659

Saint Kitts And Nevis (Source: TIS Standard).

 

662

Saint Lucia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

670

Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (Source: TIS Standard).

 

674

San Marino (Source: TIS Standard).

 

678

Sao Tome And Principe (Source: TIS Standard).

 

682

Saudi Arabia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

686

Senegal (Source: TIS Standard).

 

688

Serbia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

690

Seychelles (Source: TIS Standard).

 

694

Sierra Leone (Source: TIS Standard).

 

702

Singapore (Source: TIS Standard).

 

703

Slovakia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

704

Viet Nam (Source: TIS Standard).

 

705

Slovenia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

706

Somalia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

710

South Africa (Source: TIS Standard).

 

716

Zimbabwe (Source: TIS Standard).

 

720

Yemen, Democratic (Source: TIS Standard).

 

724

Spain (Source: TIS Standard).

 

728

South Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

729

Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

732

Western Sahara (Source: TIS Standard).

 

736

Sudan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

740

Suriname (Source: TIS Standard).

 

748

Swaziland (Source: TIS Standard). Swaziland has recently changed its name to Eswatini. DDEX will update the value as soon as it becomes aware of a change in the TIS codes as governed by CISAC.

 

752

Sweden (Source: TIS Standard).

 

756

Switzerland (Source: TIS Standard).

 

760

Syrian Arab Republic (Source: TIS Standard).

 

762

Tajikistan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

764

Thailand (Source: TIS Standard).

 

768

Togo (Source: TIS Standard).

 

776

Tonga (Source: TIS Standard).

 

780

Trinidad And Tobago (Source: TIS Standard).

 

784

United Arab Emirates (Source: TIS Standard).

 

788

Tunisia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

792

Turkey (Source: TIS Standard).

 

795

Turkmenistan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

798

Tuvalu (Source: TIS Standard).

 

800

Uganda (Source: TIS Standard).

 

804

Ukraine (Source: TIS Standard).

 

807

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

810

USSR (Source: TIS Standard).

 

818

Egypt (Source: TIS Standard).

 

826

United Kingdom (Source: TIS Standard).

 

834

Tanzania, United Republic of (Source: TIS Standard).

 

840

United States (Source: TIS Standard).

 

854

Burkina Faso (Source: TIS Standard).

 

858

Uruguay (Source: TIS Standard).

 

860

Uzbekistan (Source: TIS Standard).

 

862

Venezuela (Source: TIS Standard).

 

882

Samoa (Source: TIS Standard).

 

886

Yemen (before 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).

 

887

Yemen (after 1990) (Source: TIS Standard).

 

890

Yugoslavia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

891

Serbia And Montenegro (Source: TIS Standard).

 

894

Zambia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2100

Africa (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2101

America (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2102

American Continent (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2103

Antilles (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2104

Apec Countries (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2105

Asean Countries (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2106

Asia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2107

Australasia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2108

Balkans (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2109

Baltic States (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2110

Benelux (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2111

British Isles (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2112

British West Indies (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2113

Central America (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2114

Commonwealth (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2115

Commonwealth African Territories (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2116

Commonwealth Asian Territories (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2117

Commonwealth Australasian Territories (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2118

Commonwealth of Independent States (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2119

Eastern Europe (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2120

Europe (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2121

European Economic Area (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2122

European Continent (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2123

European Union (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2124

GSA Countries (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2125

Middle East (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2126

Nafta Countries (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2127

Nordic Countries (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2128

North Africa (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2129

North America (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2130

Oceania (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2131

Scandinavia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2132

South America (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2133

South East Asia (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2134

West Indies (Source: TIS Standard).

 

2136

World (Source: TIS Standard).

 

Worldwide

An Identifier which identifies all Territories in the world.

 5.14 Use Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value

Definition

UseType

A Type of a nature of a Service, or a Release, as used by a Consumer.

 

AsPerContract

A Type of an Entity used when a MessageSender wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is defined by the contractual relationship between MessageSender and MessageRecipient.

 

Broadcast

To Deliver a Resource using radio waves on the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

ConditionalDownload

To Download under a condition (e.g. tethered to a service or device).

 

ContentInfluencedStream

To Stream where the only interactivity provided allows the Consumer to start, stop, pause, fast forward and rewind the Stream, and where there is limited flexibility to influence the content of the Stream.

 

Display

To display a Resource on a device where it will disappear when the device is switched off. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

Download

To transfer a Release from a Service's Computer to a Consumer's Computer for later consumption. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

DubForAdvertisement

To reproduce an audio Resource in the creation of the soundtrack of an audio or audiovisual Advertisement. Note: this use does not include the public performance of the included Resource.

 DubForLivePerformance

To reproduce a Resource to enable a live Performance event. Note: this includes dramatic performances, dance shows and fashion exhibitions.

 

DubForMovies

To reproduce an audio Resource in the creation of a soundtrack of an audiovisual Work. Note: this use does not include the public performance of the included Resource.

 

DubForMusicOnHold

To reproduce an audio Resource in the creation of a music on hold system. Note: this use does not include the public performance of the included Resource.

 

DubForPublicPerformance

To reproduce an audio Resource to enable a public Performance. Note: this use does not include the public performance of the included Resource.

 

DubForRadio

To reproduce an audio Resource to enable any form of radio transmission. Note: this use does not include the public performance of the included Resource.

 

DubForTV

To reproduce an audio Resource to enable any form of television transmission. Note: this use does not include the public performance of the included Resource.

 

ExtractForInternet

To reproduce and perform an excerpt from a Resource in an on demand internet service.

 

KioskDownload

To Download directly from a Kiosk to a consumer device. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

Narrowcast

To Deliver a Resource to a specific list of recipients, by terrestrial or satellite transmission. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

NonInteractiveStream

To Stream a Release as part of a scheduled program that has been a-priori arranged. Consumers cannot directly influence the content or order of a NonInteractiveStream. NonInteractiveStreams are often referred to as web casts or pre-programmed Streams.

 

OnDemandStream

To Stream a Release with full interactivity.

 

PerformAsMusicOnHold

To Perform a Resource in a music on hold service.

 

PerformInLivePerformance

To Perform a Resource as part of a live Performance event. Note: this includes dramatic performances, dance shows and fashion exhibitions.

 

PerformInPublic

To Perform publicly. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 PermanentDownload

To Download for permanent storage and subsequent consumption by the Consumer.

 

Playback

To play a Resource in a Release as an analogue signal for listening and/or viewing by an individual or small group.

 

PlayInPublic

To play a Resource in a Release publicly. This UseType is typically used when reporting such usages to rights holders.

 

Podcast

To Deliver a series of Resources as a download via web syndication.

 

Print

To Copy a Resource on paper or an another permanent Medium where it can be seen. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

PrivateCopy

To Copy a Resource for private use. This UseType is typically used when reporting revenues related to private copying levies.

 ProgrammedContentStream

To Stream a Resource whose content has been pre-programmed, usually by the DSP.

 

PurchaseAsPhysicalProduct

To purchase a PhysicalProduct.

 

Rent

To allow access to a Release for a limited Period of Time.

 

Simulcast

To Stream simultaneously over two or more different media systems or channels. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

Stream

To stream a Resource.

 

TetheredDownload

To Download to a tethered download host (a device which must be connected to a DSP's service through a broadband connection whenever a downloaded Resource is played).

 

TimeInfluencedStream

To Stream where the only interactivity provided allows the Consumer to start, stop, pause, fast forward and rewind the Stream.

 

Unknown

A Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.

 

UseAsAlertTone

To use a Resource in a Release as an alert primarily on a MobileTelephone for an event other than an incoming phone call. Examples: an incoming text message or a new voice mail.

 

UseAsDevice

To Use a Resource in a Release that has been provided to a Consumer as part of a hardware purchase.

 

UseAsKaraoke

The use of a Release for a form of entertainment in which an amateur singer or singers sing along with recorded music on microphone.

 

UseAsRingbackTone

To Use a Resource in a Release as the audible ringing that is heard primarily on a MobileTelephone by the calling party after dialing and prior to the call being answered at the receiving end.

 UseAsRingbackTune

To Use a Resource in a Release as ringbacktune.

 

UseAsRingtone

To Use a Resource in a Release as an alert for an incoming phone call primarily on a MobileTelephone.

 

UseAsRingtune

To Use a Resource in a Release as ringtune. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 

UseAsScreensaver

To use a Resource in a Release as a screen saver for an idling device.

 UseAsVoiceMail

To Use a Resource as a voice greeting that contains an audio master clip in the background. Such a greeting can be used for outgoing and/or incoming voicemails.

 UseAsWallpaper

[missing definition]

 

UseForIdentification

To use a Resource in a Release to aid identification processes (e.g. to support rights management operations). For the avoidance of doubt: this UseType does not include making the Release available to Consumers.

 

UseInMobilePhoneMessaging

To reproduce and perform a Resource in a phone messaging system.

 

UseInPhoneListening

To reproduce and perform a Resource in a service for phone based listening.

 

UserDefined

A Type of an Entity which is defined by a sender of a DdexMessage in a manner acceptable to its recipient.

 

UserMakeAvailableLabelProvided

A UseType in which Consumers use a Release as part of their own Creation (e.g. a web site) only when the Release is provided by the ReleaseCreator to the service provider (e.g. the web site hosting company) and where the ReleaseCreator has stipulated to the service provider the ways in which the Release may be used by Consumers and these stipulations are conveyed to Consumers.

 

UserMakeAvailableUserProvided

A UseType in which Consumers use a Release as part of their own Creation (e.g. a web site) when the Release is not provided by the ReleaseCreator to the service provider (e.g. the web site hosting company) but by the Consumer or by other Consumers making the Release available through the service provider.

 

Webcast

To Deliver a Resource over the Internet using streaming technology. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.

 5.15 Video Definition Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
VideoDefintionType A Type of resolution (or definition) in which a Video is provided.
 HighDefinition

A VideoDefinitionType of a Video that is provided in a resolution exceeding 704 x 480 pixels.

 StandardDefinition

A VideoDefinitionType of a Video that is provided in a resolution not exceeding 704 x 480 pixels.

 5.16 Video Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed Value Definition
VideoType A Type of Video
 AdvertisementVideoA Video which promotes a product, service, idea, person or company, including promotional material for consumer products, services shown in theaters, infomercials or on digital signage.
 AdultContentContent, such as pornography or violence, that is not generally thought to be appropriate for viewing by children.
 AdviceMagazineA Magazine that provides information about general topics for a broad audience.
 AnimationAn audio-visual Recording using a rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.
 BalletVideoA Video recording of a ballet Performance.
 BehindTheScenesAn audio-visual Recording documenting events happening behind the scenes.
 BlackAndWhiteVideo

An audio-visual Recording in black and white.

 ChildrensFilmA FeatureFilm or TvFilm for an audience of children.
 ColorizedVideoA Video that has been colorised.
 ColumnVideoA Video of a recurring piece or feature in a radio or TV program.
 ConcertClip

An extract of a ConcertVideo.

 ConcertVideo

A Video recording of a live Performance, usually of music, before an audience.

 CorporateFilmAn audio-visual Recording made for use within a corporate entity. Examples include company-internal training videos.
 CreditsAn audio-visual Recording that presents the list of Contributors to an audio-visual production.
 DocumentaryAn audio-visual Recording that presents a social, political, scientific or historical subject. Documentaries include current affairs programmes, TV magazines, biographies and 'making of' programs.
 EducationalVideoAn audio-visual Recording of traditional training, coursework, classroom or distance learning. Such Videos are primarily intended to educate rather than entertain.
 EpisodeA Part of a Series made available at a specific point in time. It may be that a Season or Series is not yet complete when an Episode is made available. Episodes include 'pilots'.
 FeatureFilmAn audio-visual Recording made for initial distribution in cinemas, where it would be the 'main attraction' of the screening, or prime-time television.
 FictionA fictional audio-visual Recording.
 InfomercialVideoA Video created to advertise a Product or Service in an informative way.
 InterviewAn audio-visual Recording of an interview.
 Karaoke

A Video for Karaoke applications, typically for singing along to.

 LiveEventVideoAn audio-visual Recording capturing an Event such as a sporting event, theatrical performances, etc. This allowed value is deprecated. DDEX advises that this value will be removed at a future date and therefore recommends against using it.
 LongformMusicalWorkVideo

A Video of an extended duration typically containing multiple tracks embodying at least one MusicalWork. Example: a concert video. LongFormMusicalWorkVideos are typically identified by an ISRC.

 LongformNonMusicalWorkVideo

A Video of an extended duration not embodying a MusicalWork.

 LyricVideo

An audio-visual Recording (often a slide show), with captions showing the lyrics.

 MagazineAn audio-visual Recording of a regular television or radio programme comprising a variety of topical items.
 MenuAn aid to navigate through a Video which may be organized, e.g., into chapters. Menus are typically used on a DVD-Video.
 MultimediaVideoAn audio-visual Recording offering interactivity.
 MusicalWorkClipAn extract from a Video, embodying a MusicalWork.
 MusicalWorkReadalongVideoA Video to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs, embodying a MusicalWork
 MusicalWorkTrailer

A Video created for specifically to promote another Video, embodying a MusicalWork.

 MusicalWorkVideoChapter A VideoChapter embodying a MusicalWork
 NewsAn audio-visual Recording, usually regularly scheduled, which reports current events.
 NonMusicalWorkCliop

An extract from a Video, not specifically embodying a MusicalWork.

 NonMusicalWorkReadalongVideo

A Video to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs, not embodying a MusicalWork.

 NonMusicalWorkTrailer

A Video created for specifically to promote another Video, not embodying a MusicalWork.

 NonMusicalWorkVideoChapter

A VideoChapter not embodying a MusicalWork.

 NonSerialAudioVisualRecordingAn audio-visual Recording that is not part of a Series or Season.
 OperaVideoA Video recording of Performance of an opera.
 PerformanceAn audio-visual Recording of a Performance such as recitation, magic, circus, stand-up comedy, burlesque, vaudeville or other variety stage act. This does not include concerts, dance, music, opera, theatrical productions.
 ReadalongVideoA Video to read along to, and interact with, stories and songs.
 RealityTvShowVideoA TvShowVideo of supposedly unscripted real-life contexts.
 SeasonA Set of Episodes. Typically, a Season contains all Episodes to be made available in a pre-determined time frame, which often is within a twelve-month period. It may be that a Series is not yet complete when an Season is made available.
 SerialAudioVisualRecording

An audio-visual Recording of a work divided into two or more episodes which generally have the same title and a dramatic continuity between episodes.

 SeriesA Set of Resources (Episodes) designed to be made available sequentially.
 ShortFilmA fictional audio-visual Recording with an original length less than that of a FeatureFilm. This does not include short animated films.
 SilentVideo

An audio-visual Recording without sound.

 SketchVideoA Video recording of a short satirical theatrical Performance.
 SoapSitcom

A Video recording of a work, comprising of episodes, involving the same main performers, with a unity of place and generally broadcasted on a daily basis.

 SpecialEventAn audio-visual Recording capturing an Event not related to sport or performances or concerts, such as a political convention or a talk show.
 SportAn audio-visual Recording of a sporting Event.
 TheatricalWorkVideoA Video recording of Performance of a theatrical work.
 TrailerVideoA Video not specifically embodying a MusicalWork specifically created to promote another Video.
 TvFilmA fictional audio-visual Recording made specifically for initial broadcasting on television networks.
 TvProgram

An audio-visual Recording of a regular television or radio programme.

 TvShowVideoA Video recording of a TV show including reality programmes, magazines, variety shows, game shows. TvShowVideo should be used when no other value of avs:VideoType is appropriate.
 UnknownA Type of an Entity used when a sender of a DdexMessage wishes to indicate that the value within the allowed value set is unknown.
 VideoChapterA section of a Video defined by a start and end point. Typical VideoChapters are MusicalWorkVideoChapter or NonMusicalWorkVideoChapter.
 VideoClipA shortened Video.
 VideoReportAn audio-visual Recording of an account or statement describing in detail an event, situation, or the like, usually as the result of observation, inquiry, investigation.
 VideoStemAn unedited audio-visual Recording that was recorded as part of a Session to produce, for instance, a ShortFormMusicalWorkVideo, but that has not been incorporated into the final version. 

 5.17 Work Type

Allowed Value Set & Allowed ValueDefinition
VideoType A Type of Video
 GraphicalWork

A Work whose Manifestations are Images (e.g. Photographs or GraphicImages).

 LiteraryWorkA LexicalWork that is considered of artistic merit.

 

Evaluation Licence for DDEX Standards

 

Subject to your compliance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, DDEX™ grants you a limited, nonexclusive, non-transferable, non-sublicenseable, royalty-free licence solely to reproduce, distribute within your organisation, and use the DDEX standard specifications (“DDEX Standards”) solely for the purpose of your internal evaluation. You may not make any commercial use of the DDEX Standards under this agreement. No other licences are granted under this agreement.

No representations or warranties (either express or implied) are made or offered by DDEX with regard to the DDEX Standards. In particular, but without limitation, no representations or warranties are made in relation to:

  1. The suitability or fitness of the standards for any particular purpose;
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  3. The accuracy, completeness, relevance or validity of the standards; or
  4. The non-infringement of any third party intellectual property rights related to the DDEX Standards.

Accordingly, DDEX and/or its members shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, consequential or punitive loss or damages howsoever arising out of or in connection with the use of the standards. IN THE EVENT THAT ANY COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION RENDERS JUDGEMENT AGAINST DDEX AND/OR ITS MEMBERS NOTWITHSTANDING THE ABOVE LIMITATION, THE AGGREGATE LIABILITY TO YOU IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT SHALL IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNT OF ONE HUNDRED U.S. DOLLARS (US$ 100.00).

Users of the DDEX Standards are cautioned that it is subject to revision. Users are recommended to use the latest versions, which are available at http://www.ddex.net. The use of outdated versions of the standards is not recommended but may be required by agreement between implementers in particular cases.