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This section of the DDEX Knowledge Base contains the Basic Audio Profile for The Mechanical Licensing Collective for the Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard (Part 11 Version 1.0)

1 Introduction

This standard was developed by the member organisations of the Digital Data Exchange, LLC (DDEX) and provides a message that gives a uniform mechanism to enable Licensees (typically Digital Service Providers) to report to The Mechanical Licensing Collective information regarding the level of sales/usage generated from the distribution of such products, as well as sales of products based on Releases in accordance with the relevant terms of the United States' Music Modernization Act.

Any organisation wishing to implement this (or any other DDEX standard) is required to apply for an Implementation Licence. The terms of the licence and an application form can be found on https://ddex.net/implementation/implementation-licence-and-ddex-party-identifiers.

 

 

 

Essential Reading

Download/Print standard (PDF)

This standard is Part 11 of a multi-part standard. The other parts (incl. samples) are available here.

Older versions of the various parts of the DSR standard can be accessed here.

Samples for the current version of the DSR Standard can be found here.

2 Scope

 2.1 Introduction

The message defined in this Part provides a mechanism for Licensees (typically Digital Service Providers) to report to The Mechanical Licensing Collective sales/usage information from the exploitation of Products based on electronic Releases containing Sound Recordings which embody Musical Works and/or other Resources.

 2.2 Organisation of the Standard

This standard comprises six clauses and two annexes. Clauses 1-4 provide the scope, abbreviations and core definitions used in this standard. Clause  5 then defines the core audio profile.

Finally Annexes A provides some examples.

 

3 Normative References

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The following normative documents contain provisions, which through reference in this text constitute provisions of this standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. For undated references, the latest version applies.
  • DDEX. Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard - Part 1: Architecture of the Flat File Variant.
  • DDEX. Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard - Part 2: Allowed Value Sets.
  • DDEX. Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard - Part 8: Record Type Definitions.

4 Terms and Abbreviations

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The terms and abbreviations used in Digital Sales Reporting Message Suite Standard – Part 1: Architecture of the Flat File Variant. also apply to this Standard.

5 Basic Audio Profile

 5.1 Introduction

This Profile is for reporting all audio-only Usage, Revenue or Sales as outlined in Clauses 1 and 2.1. This Profile is also for reporting Usage, Revenue or Sales for music videos.

To indicate that a Sales/Usage Report is created in accordance with Clauses 5.2 or 5.3 of this Profile standard, the Profile Cell in the HEAD Record shall contain the value BasicAudioProfileMLC and the ProfileVersion Cell shall contain the value 1.0.

 5.2 Definition of Blocks where Release Information is Available

When Usages, Revenues or Sales are to be reported where Release information is available to the Message Sender, the following Records shall be communicated for each Block in this order:
  1. One Release Record of type RE04 describing a Head Release.
    If the Message Sender has received a NewReleaseMessage defined in DDEX’s Release Notification Message Suite Standard, the “Head Release” is the “AlbumRelease” as defined in the NewReleaseMessage.

  2. One or more Resource Records describing Resources of type AS05 to AS06. 
    These Records provide information regarding all the Sound Recordings, Videos and other Resources that are contained in the Head Release.
    While the AS06 Record allows the communication of the basic details of a Musical Work that underpins the Resource, the AS05 Record does not allow this. Only Resources that have been used or sold shall be included in this section of the Block. For the avoidance of doubt, if a Head Release has been used or sold, all Resources of that Head Release need to be included in the Sales Report Message.

  3. None, one or more Musical Work Records of type MW02 describing Musical Works.
    These Records provide information regarding all the Musical Works that are utilised in the Head Release and/or one of its Resources. As shown in Figure 5, the Musical Work Records are interspersed with the Resource Records. The Musical Work records immediately following a Resource record describe Works used in that Resource. MW02 Records may not be used in combination with AS06 Records.
    For the avoidance of doubt: AS05+MW02 and AS06 records may be used within a single Block. One example would be where a DSP communicates, the writers of ten tracks as communicated by the licensee to a works licensor or Rights Controller but where the eleventh track is a medley created by the DSP comprising multiple Musical Works.

  4. None, one or more Rights Controller Record providing information on one RightsController each. The RC01 Record shall point to the AS06 or MW02 Record detailing the Musical Work for which rights control information its provided. The information provided is to the best of the knowledge of the Message Sender. 
  5. None, one or more Records describing “Sub-Releases” of type RE02.
    These Sub-Releases are either single-Resource Track Releases (as communicated in a NewReleaseMessage) and/or Releases that the Message Sender has generated exclusively from the Resources and/or Musical Works that are used in the Head Release. The Sub-Release Records shall point to the Resources they make use of. Only Sub-Releases that have been used or sold shall be included in this section of the Block.

  6. One or more Records providing Usage, Revenue or Sales figures of type SU01.02 or SU02.02.
    The SU01.02/02.02 Records shall point to the Release or Resource Record to which the Usage, Revenue or Sale transaction relates.

The Blocks shall be preceded by one or more Summary Records SY01.02 or SY12 (depending on the commercial model) for each type of use, commercial model and territory any Release contained in the Sales Report Message has been traded under. It is permissible to communicate different types of Summary Records in a single sales/usage report.

It is recommended to provide the Summary Records in a logical order to aid human readability. This would typically mean that Summary Records of different types are not mixed. For example a sequence of SY01.02 SY01.02 SY12 meets this recommendation, whereas SY04.02 SY12 SY01.02 does not.

 

Figure 1 – One Block [1]  of Records when reporting Usages, Revenues or Sales for Audio Releases [2]

 

Figure 1 shows a Block providing a Head Release with four Resources, three of which include Musical Work information in the Resource Record, whereas one Resource is augmented by Musical Work information in an MW02 Record. Usage, Revenue or Sales are reported for two Sub-Releases as well as for the Head Release.

Note that in the diagram the first SUxx Record provides Usages, Revenues or Sales for a Sub Release, the second Record provides Usages, Revenues or Sales for a Resource and the last Record provides Usages, Revenues or Sales for the Head Release.

The table below provides an overview of the order and cardinality of the Records to be used in this Profile.

 

 

Record Type

Cardinality

Comment

HEAD

1

 

SY01.02 or SY12

1-n

Also a combination of the Summary record types is allowed: 

  • first all SY01.02 Records (if there are any),

  • then all SY12 Records (if there are any)

Block

0-n

 

|   RE04

1

 

|   |   AS05 or AS06

1-n

If no (or partial) musical work information is available, an AS06 Record should be used with the relevant Cells left empty.

If the Resource is based on only one musical work, AS06 shall be used. AS05 may only be used if the Resource is based on multiple musical works.

|   |   |   MW02

1-n

May only follow an AS05 record

|   |   |  | RC010-nMay follow either an MW02 or AS06 Record.

|   RE02

0-n

 

|   SU01.02 or SU02.02

1-n

 

FOOT

1

 

 


[1] The term Block is used in accordance with Part 1.
[2]
The indentation in the diagrams is solely for illustration purposes. There is no indentation in a Sales Report Message in accordance with this standard.

 

 5.3 Definition of Blocks where Release Information is not Available

When Usages, Revenues or Sales are to be reported for Resources for which no information on the Release it is contained in has been previously made available, the following Records shall be communicated for each Block in this order.
  • One Record of type AS05 or AS06 describing the Resource including basic information of the underlying Work. The Message Sender may wish to split the information into two Records.
    The first Record, of type AS05, contains information regarding the Sound Recording, Video or other Resource, and the second Record, of type MW02, contains information about the Musical Work utilised. 
  • None, one or more Rights Controller Record providing information on one RightsController each. The RC01 Record shall point to the AS06 or MW02 Record detailing the Musical Work for which rights control information its provided. The information provided is to the best of the knowledge of the Message Sender. 
  • One or more Records providing Usage, Revenue or Sales figures of type SU01.02 or SU02.02. 
    The SU01.02/SU02.02 Records does not need to point to the Resource Record to which the Usage, Revenue or Sale transaction relates as this is implicit as the Block only contains one Resource Record.

The Blocks shall be preceded by one or more Summary Records SY01.02 SY12 (depending on the commercial model) for each type of use, commercial model and territory any Resource contained in the Sales Report Message has been traded under. It is permissible to communicate different types of Summary Records in a single sales/usage report.

It is recommended to provide the Summary Records in a logical order to aid human readability. This would typically mean that Summary Records of different types are not mixed. For example a sequence of SY01.02 SY01.02 SY12  meets this recommendation, whereas SY04.02 SY12 SY01.02 does not. 

The left-hand part of the Figure 2 below shows the case where Musical Work information is provided as part of the Resource Record AS06 and the right-hand part shows the case where Musical Work information is provided on an extra Record MW02.

 

 Figure 1 – One Block  of Records when reporting Usages, Revenues or Sales for Audio Resources.

 

The table below provides an overview of the order and cardinality of the Records to be used in this Profile.

 

 

Record Type

Cardinality

Comment

HEAD

1

 

SY01.02 or SY12

1-n

Also a combination of the Summary record types is allowed:

  • first all SY01.02 Records (if there are any)

  • then all SY12 Records (if there are any)

Block

0-n

 

|   AS05 or AS06

1

If no (or only partial) musical work information is available, an AS06 Record should be used with the relevant Cells left empty.

If the Resource is based on only one musical work, AS06 shall be used. AS05 may only be used if the Resource is based on multiple musical works.

|   |   MW01

1-n

May only follow an AS05 record

|   |   | RC010-nMay follow either an MW02 or AS06 Record.

|   SU01.02 or SU02

1-n

 

FOOT

1

 

 5.4 Different Types of Usages, Revenues or Sales

This standard defines several Records to describe different types of Usages, Revenues or Sales.

 

Table 3 – Records for Different Types of Usages, Revenues or Sales

Commercial-
Model-
UseType                   Type

Advertisement-
SupportedModel

PayAsYouGo
Model

Subscription
Model

OnDemandStream

SU02

SU02

SU02

Permanent Download

SU01

SU01

SU01

UseAsRingtone

SU01

SU01

SU01

Annex A (informative) Examples

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Published alongside this standard are a series of Examples in the form of an Excel workbook. To transform them into Sales Report messages in accordance with this standard, the individual tabs of the spreadsheet can be saved as a tab-delimited file.

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