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Territory Codes in XML

DDEX messages allows four ways to communicate territories:

  1. Either as a list of of one or more territory codes for which a specific set of XML tags apply.

    The code below applies to Germany, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg:

  2. Or as a "negative list" of territory codes for which a specific set of XML tags does not apply.

    The code below does apply to all territories apart from to Germany, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg:

    To avoid confusion: If I send you a deal for <ExcludedTerritoryCode>DE</ExcludedTerritoryCode>, then the information provided applies to ~200 countries — just the Germans are left out. The reason why DDEX allowed this approach in addition to the "positive" list shown in (1) above is to not force messages to contain ~199 ISO codes listed just to exclude one country. This somewhat contradicts DDEX's general approach to be explicit, the inference to from such a negative list, was seen as sufficiently clear. 


  3. Or as a statement that indicates that a specific set of XML tags applies for the entire world:


  4. Or as an attribute in specific cases where a single territory can be ascribed to an event such as the creation of a sound recording:

    <CreationDate LocationDescription="Abbey Road Studio A" TerritoryCode="GB">2000-01-27</CreationDate> 

Historic and Current Territory Codes

The basic territory list used by DDEX is the one defined and maintained by ISO in ISO 3166, specifically ISO 3166-1 alpha-2. ISO keeps this list current and whenever ISO updates its list, DDEX follows suite. It is possible to communicate a Deal for South Sudan (code SS), the last country code added to ISO 3166-1. Whenever a country ceases to exist list of ISO 3166-1 will typically be affected and the code be removed. Examples include DD (for the GRD) and SU (for the Soviet Union). However. if a sound recording was made in East Berlin in 1960 the country of recording should be marked as the GDR.

ISO maintains a list of four-letter codes, defined as ISO 3166-3, for such (former) countries. The code for the former GRD, the code is DDDE, so:

<CreationDate LocationDescription="Hansa Tonstiudio A" TerritoryCode="DDDE">1960</CreationDate> 

CISAC's Territory Information System

In communications between music rights societies and (sometimes) music publishers, a different approach to identifying territories has found fairly wide adoption: CISAC's Territory Information System (TIS). This system is based on ISO 3166-1 but adds a significant number of territory groupings (either geographical or political).

Unfortunately there is no simple mapping between ISO 3166-1, The attached document does, however, allow translating TIS codes into ISO codes and vice versa. It has been prepared by CISAC and DDEX.

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